If there are several vertically arranged main objects, try to find horizontal elements in the scene, such as the two visual lines above and below the model’s head and feet, the audience silhouette boundary in the foreground, so that the vertical and horizontal contrast can be interspersed. When shooting a single subject in a vertical frame, the character should be placed at the bottom of the picture, and the visual center of gravity should be moved down, which is more suitable for people’s viewing habits.
在掌握器材的操作之余，对各种构图元素和方式多作了解，提升摄影水平自然事半功倍。能做到――逐一辨识记忆，从实景中提炼概括，并且综合运用到自身创作拍摄――你的构图水平肯定会有进步。下面 30 种拍摄构图技巧，你准备好温故知新了吗？
In addition to mastering the operation of equipment, we should know more about various composition elements and methods, so as to improve the level of photography and get twice the result with half the effort. If you can identify and remember one by one, extract and summarize from the real scene, and comprehensively apply it to your own creation and shooting, your composition level will certainly improve. Are you ready to learn from the past?
“Edge against light”
If the scene is properly blocked, the backlight scattered from the edge is very pleasing to the eye, or the sunlight is projected from the back of the line or diagonal foreground, which also helps to improve the image.
In front of the interesting background, the silhouette of the figure is clear and neat, which makes the picture concise and powerful. This can be combined with the following technique.
Boldly use the sky in the picture, no matter it accounts for two-thirds or one-third of the picture, the effect will not be too bad, take the sky as the leading, and complete the composition.
Objects of different shapes and sizes are placed separately to complete the overall combination, but attention should be paid to the quantity and quality of different objects to maintain a sense of visual balance.
Let the combination of objects fill the whole picture, and the edge of the picture just cuts to the outer edge of the object, full and just right.
It is a classic composition method to leave the interest center away from the center of the picture and place it on the three-point line. The distance from the center to the border or half of the corner can also be considered.
“Light and shadow contrast”
Try to create a strong contrast between light and shade in face changing, and be good at using the light and shadow elements of the scene.
“Step into the vision”
If there is a moving or moving subject in the picture, the performance effect is better. Arrange the main body to move in the picture, with the movement trend from the border to the center, which can be completed by using the body’s imagination, posture and gait.
“People in the future”
In the long-range shooting of natural scenery, if a character is included as a scale reference, it can more intuitively and effectively show the grand momentum of the scene.
“The scene of projection”
The shadow element itself is cool. Don’t miss it.
With the reflection of the mountains in the water, the scenery is more rich and unique. Looking for water surface or other reflection performance, exploring the possibility of reflection shooting.
In the direction of a unified perspective, stacked with different distance plane layers, such as the mountains here, showing the visual depth and scenery interest.
“The subject is full of eyes”
Take the main unit as the element, stack and arrange to achieve the effect of filling overflow in the viewfinder.
You can arrange the objects according to the Fibonacci spiral. Or select the angle, so that the layout of a single subject or multiple subjects can be displayed in the form of helix.
The use of the box prospect, the main body has been further highlighted. For example, take photos of the buildings behind the bridge, or here, take photos of the tents through the gaps between the trees.
The triangle structure intersecting with the frame of the picture can guide the audience’s attention from the edge of the picture to the top of the triangle.
The direction of the inverted triangle can also guide the audience to the intersection, for example, here, from the arms, wrists, palms to the touch of two hands to complete the guidance of the observation direction.
The picture is divided by distinct and powerful diagonal lines, especially the content on both sides has interest center, which makes the composition more meaningful and achieves visual balance.
Objects are aligned by concentric circles of different diameters, forming an arc arrangement, which is full of geometric order and rhythmic beauty.
The edge of the object is aligned parallel to the boundary of the picture, and the symmetrical composition is straight and neat, which is in line with people’s observation habits.
If there are several vertically arranged main objects, try to find horizontal elements in the scene, such as the two visual lines above and below the model’s head and feet, the audience silhouette boundary in the foreground, so that the vertical and horizontal contrast can be interspersed.
Capture the moment of action, can take the initiative to repeat the action, repeatedly try to shoot, or wait for the foreseeable trajectory, prepare in advance.
“Breaking the pattern”
When we see the repeated patterns of continuous films, such as people raising their hands and lighting projection, properly introducing objects to break the continuity, the columns in such places often bring fresh rhythm to the picture.
“Line to line intersection”
Just like the triangle guide line, the diagonal crossing can naturally guide the audience to the intersection.
The direction of the characters’ eyes is also a kind of invisible guiding line. At this time, the male runner looks at the female runner, which makes the female runner himself above the interest center of the three-point line and strengthens a layer of guidance.
The scenery with the same attributes above and below the screen can create visual continuity in the vertical direction and form echo. More than that, people who glide on the ground and fly in the air.
“Center of gravity lower frame”
When shooting a single subject in a vertical frame, the character should be placed at the bottom of the picture, and the visual center of gravity should be moved down, which is more suitable for people’s viewing habits.
“Comparison of nature”
It can greatly enhance the interest of the screen by making use of the obvious contrast of the appearance properties of the screen elements: liquid solid, hard soft, delicate rough, etc. Here’s a comparison of water and shells.
If there are multiple subjects in the picture that need to be represented but cannot form a symmetrical relationship, they should be balanced in perspective. For example, if the remote windmill is close to the center, another windmill is set close to the edge of the picture to achieve the balance of the picture.
“Perspective from the distance”
The depth of perspective in the picture can be reflected through the scaling of the scene by using the transition from focus to virtual and the change of distance.