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【速搜问答】如何购买虚拟主机

问答 admin 9个月前 (04-11) 163次浏览 已收录 0个评论

汉英对照:
Chinese-English Translation:

每个网站的情况不同,因此所需要的主机也不同。要选择适合自己的虚拟主机,根据网站的开发语言、空间大小、数据库类型、带宽或流量,然后在自己的预算内选择国内外虚拟主机即可。 虚拟主机之所以受企业用户和个人用户欢迎,其原因主要是虚拟主机价格便宜,而且使用起来较方便,提供商还提供技术支持。目前,虚拟主机市场鱼龙混杂,服务良莠不齐,价格差参不齐等问题,严重影响了虚拟主机市场的健康发展。怎么选择即省心又稳定的虚拟主机一直以为都是企业用户和个人用户的一个难题,下面以国外的虚拟主机为例,讲述企业用户和个人用户在选择虚拟主机空间上的常见知识。

The situation of each website is different, so the required host is also different. To choose a suitable virtual host, according to the website’s development language, space size, database type, bandwidth or traffic, and then choose domestic and foreign virtual hosts within your own budget. The main reason why the virtual host is popular with enterprise users and individual users is that the virtual host is cheap and easy to use, and the provider also provides technical support. At present, the virtual host market is a mixture of good and bad, the service quality is uneven, the price difference is uneven and so on, which seriously affects the healthy development of the virtual host market. How to choose a safe and stable virtual host has always been a problem for enterprise users and individual users. Taking foreign virtual hosts as an example, this paper describes the common knowledge of enterprise users and individual users in choosing virtual host space.

网站的开发语言有很多,常见的有 asp、asp.net、php 等,不同语言所需要的系统和运行环境并不一样,所以在购买主机前需要知道自己网站使用的是什么语言,需要什么样的运行环境,以便选择合适的配置,各型号虚拟主机支持的程序可以在主机配置页面中看到。

There are many development languages for websites, such as ASP asp.net Different languages need different systems and running environments, so before purchasing a host, you need to know what language your website uses and what running environment you need in order to select the appropriate configuration. The programs supported by each model of virtual host can be seen in the host configuration page.

一般来说,windows 对 asp 、asp.net 支持较好,也支持 php,而 linux 对 php、jsp 支持较好。目前常见的开源程序,如 dedecms(织梦系统)、帝国系统、wordpress、discuz!、shopex、ecshop 都是使用的 php 语言。

Generally speaking, windows is very important to ASP asp.net It supports PHP as well as PHP, while Linux supports PHP and JSP better. At present, the common open source programs, such as dedecms (dream weaving system), empire system, WordPress, Discuz!, shopex, ECSHOP are all using PHP language.

一、国内国外虚拟主机的对比

1、 Comparison of domestic and foreign virtual hosts

当购买好域名后,站长们就该选择虚拟主机了,和选择域名一样,虚拟主机也有国内和国外之分,中国的站长们是应该选择国内虚拟主机还是国外虚拟主机呢?这是每一个站长都会遇到的一个问题。

When you buy a good domain name, webmasters should choose the virtual host, and choose the domain name, the virtual host also has domestic and foreign points, Chinese webmasters should choose domestic virtual host or foreign virtual host? This is a problem that every webmaster will encounter.

所谓国内虚拟主机就是指虚拟主机服务器托管在国内的机房,不包括香港和澳门,而国外虚拟主机指的是虚拟主机服务器托管在国外的机房(含港澳),从价格上看,同等配置的虚拟主机,国外的通常比国内要便宜一些,但在技术支持、支付、速度上国外的主机通常又处于劣势,下面是我总结的国内和国外虚拟主机各自的优缺点。

The so-called domestic virtual host refers to the computer rooms hosted by the virtual host server in China, excluding Hong Kong and Macao, while foreign virtual host refers to the computer rooms hosted by the virtual host server in foreign countries (including Hong Kong and Macao). From the price point of view, the virtual host with the same configuration in foreign countries is usually cheaper than that in China, but in terms of technical support, payment and speed, foreign virtual hosts are more popular The following is my summary of the advantages and disadvantages of domestic and foreign virtual hosts.

国内虚拟主机的优点:

Advantages of domestic virtual host

1、国内用户访问速度快,因为网站在国内,用户访问的时候无需走海底光缆,因此速度通常会比国外虚拟主机快。

1. Domestic users visit fast, because the website is in China, users do not need to go through submarine cable when visiting, so the speed is usually faster than foreign virtual hosts.

2、服务本地化,国内虚拟主机客服通常的上下班时间和站长相同,提供支持的方式多种多样,例如 QQ、电话、邮件等,沟通和交流通常不会有什么问题。

2. Service localization, domestic virtual host customer service usually commute the same time as the webmaster, provide support in a variety of ways, such as QQ, telephone, e-mail, etc., communication and communication is usually no problem.

3、域名安全,国内的监管部门通常对于国内主机用户不会采取域名黑名单的策略,因此域名可以保证安全,而使用国外虚拟主机的话,一旦网站出现敏感内容,网站域名就有可能进入黑名单,导致整个网站无法从国内访问,即使更换主机和 IP 也无法恢复。

3. Domain name security, the domestic regulatory authorities usually do not take the domain name blacklist strategy for domestic host users, so the domain name can ensure the security, and the use of foreign virtual host, once the website appears sensitive content, the website domain name may enter the blacklist, resulting in the whole website can not be accessed from home, even if the host and IP can not be restored.

国内虚拟主机的缺点:

The disadvantages of domestic virtual hosts are as follows

1、必须备案,而且备案过程较为繁琐,通常要几周到几个月时间才能备案成功,而且某些类型的网站需要提供的资料很难获取,导致备案成功率不高,很多站长在购买了国内主机后都因为备案最后放弃而改成国外主机了。

1. It must be filed, and the filing process is complicated. It usually takes several weeks and months to successfully file. Moreover, it is difficult to obtain the information that some types of websites need to provide, which leads to the low success rate of filing. Many webmasters change to foreign hosts after purchasing domestic hosts because they finally give up the filing.

2、电信网通互联不通,电信线路的主机网通访问速度很慢,网通线路的主机电信访问速度很慢,速度慢到比访问国外主机还慢。就象那句笑话所说的,“在 Internet 上,最远的距离不是中国和美国,而是网通和电信”,

2. Telecom Netcom is not interconnected. The host Netcom of Telecom line has a very slow access speed. The host Netcom of Netcom line has a very slow access speed, which is slower than visiting foreign hosts. As the joke says, “on the Internet, the farthest distance is not between China and the United States, but between Netcom and Telecom.”,

3、服务良莠不齐,因为虚拟主机门槛低,所以服务商鱼龙混杂,很多服务商存在过度销售的情况。

3. The service quality is uneven, because the threshold of virtual host is low, so the service providers are mixed, and many service providers are overselling.

国外虚拟主机的优点:

Advantages of foreign virtual hosts:

1、价格便宜,服务器稳定,国外主机市场成熟规范,网络技术一流,一般来说,国外的虚拟主机服务的价格都较低廉。在这一点上,国内的虚拟主机市场是无法与国外的虚拟主机商相比的。因此,如果想降低网站运作成本的话,可以考虑国外低廉且优质的虚拟主机。

1. The price is cheap, the server is stable, the foreign host market is mature and standard, and the network technology is first-class. Generally speaking, the price of foreign virtual host service is relatively low. At this point, the domestic virtual host market can not be compared with foreign virtual host companies. Therefore, if you want to reduce the operating cost of the website, you can consider foreign low-cost and high-quality virtual host.

2、克服电信网通互访问题,无论电信用户还是网通用户,访问国外主机的速度都不算很慢。

2. To overcome the problem of Telecom Netcom mutual visits, both telecom users and Netcom users can not visit foreign hosts very slowly.

3、免备案,目前中国工信部对互联网的管理仅限于对国内 ISP 接入商的强行管制,国外(包括香港)的 ISP 不受工信部管理,因此不需要备案即可使用,无法在中国备案的网站都可以无限制接入国外虚拟主机。

3. At present, the management of Internet by MIIT is only limited to the mandatory control of domestic ISP access providers. Foreign (including Hong Kong) ISPs are not managed by MIIT, so they can be used without filing. Websites that cannot be filed in China can have unlimited access to foreign virtual hosts.

4、功能服务较好,国外的产品大多在技术上有优势,提供的主机服务功能相对来说会较多较全面。

4. Function service is better, most of the foreign products have technical advantages, and provide more and more comprehensive host service functions.

国外虚拟主机的缺点:

The disadvantages of foreign virtual hosts are as follows

1、容易被封,因为工信部无法直接管理国外网站,因此大多通过屏蔽的方式禁止中国用户对某些网站的访问,通常的屏蔽包括 IP 屏蔽和域名屏蔽,如果是 IP 屏蔽的话,通常换一个 IP 网站就又可以访问了,而域名屏蔽的话即使更换 IP 也无法访问,网站一旦被屏蔽域名,通常情况下只能采取更换域名的方法,流量损失会非常大。还有一种情况是被牵连,由于在虚拟主机的设置上,一个 IP 通常被赋给多个不同使用者的网站,而一旦其中的一个网站被封 IP,其他网站会被牵连导致同样无法访问,也一起被封了。

1. It’s easy to be blocked, because MIIT can’t directly manage foreign websites, so most of the Chinese users are forbidden to visit some websites by shielding. The usual shielding includes IP shielding and domain name shielding. If it’s IP shielding, it’s usually possible to visit another IP website, and if it’s domain name shielding, even if it’s IP shielding Can not access, once the site is blocked domain name, usually can only take the method of changing the domain name, traffic loss will be very large. There is also a case of being implicated, because in the setting of virtual host, an IP is usually assigned to multiple websites of different users, and once one of the websites is blocked, other websites will be implicated, leading to the same inaccessibility and blocked together.

2、速度较慢,通常情况下,中国用户访问国外主机的速度都会比访问国内主机的速度慢。

2. Generally speaking, the speed of Chinese users visiting foreign hosts is slower than that of domestic hosts.

3、服务不本地化,通常国外主机并没有专门的中文客服,因为时差的原因,美国的白天正好是中国的晚上,交流沟通不变,国际电话成本也很高,通过邮件交流就要求站长熟练掌握英文,通过英文和客服交流沟通,国外主机的网站服务和界面通常都是英文,如果国内站长的英文不好的话,可能会遇到一个语言障碍。

3. The service is not localized. Usually, foreign hosts do not have special Chinese customer service. Because of the time difference, the day in the United States is just China’s night, and the communication is unchanged. The international telephone cost is also very high. Through email communication, the webmaster is required to master English. Through English and customer service communication, the website service and interface of foreign hosts are usually in English. If you are in China, you can use English If the webmaster’s English is not good, he may encounter a language barrier.

4、支付,国外主机的支付通常要信用卡和 Paypal,大多不支持支付宝,因此国内用户在购买国外主机时支付往往还会遇到麻烦。

4, payment, payment of foreign hosts usually requires credit cards and Paypal, most of which do not support Alipay, so domestic users often have trouble when buying foreign hosts.

综上所述,国外主机跟国内主机仍然是各有优势和劣势,对于主要服务于中国用户的网站来说,使用国内主机确实还略有优势,即使麻烦一些,至少域名是安全的,如果网站内容是英文,主要服务国外用户,比如外贸类型的网站,那使用国外主机就更为合适。

To sum up, foreign hosts and domestic hosts still have their own advantages and disadvantages. For websites that mainly serve Chinese users, using domestic hosts does have some advantages. Even if it’s troublesome, at least the domain name is safe. If the website content is in English and mainly serves foreign users, such as foreign trade websites, it’s more appropriate to use foreign hosts.

二、如何选购国外虚拟主机

2、 How to choose foreign virtual host

虚拟主机虽然分国内和国外,但在选购流程上,国内和国外基本差不多,下面就以国外虚拟主机为例,介绍一下如何选购国外虚拟主机。

Although the virtual host is divided into domestic and foreign, but in the purchase process, domestic and foreign are almost the same, the following take foreign virtual host as an example to introduce how to purchase foreign virtual host.

国外主机的特点

Characteristics of foreign main engine

国外的虚拟主机大多数是 PHP+MYSQL+APACHE+CPANEL 的主机,其中 CPANEL 是一个非常强大的主机管理软件,而 PHP、MYSQL 和 APACHE 是免费软件。ASP 空间的主机少而且贵,ASP+SQLServer 的主机价格很高,不如租用服务器合算。

Most foreign virtual hosts are PHP + MySQL + Apache + cPanel. CPanel is a very powerful host management software, while PHP, MySQL and Apache are free software. Asp space host less and expensive, ASP + SQL server host price is very high, as cost-effective rental server.

国外的虚拟主机在速度方面需要仔细挑选,不同的虚拟主机从国内访问,有的速度快,有的比较慢,主要和线路有关,但从美国访问则速度都差不多,如何选择国内访问速度最快的主机,可以通过网速测试工具来进行测试。

Foreign virtual hosts need to be carefully selected in terms of speed. Different virtual hosts visit from China, some are fast, some are slow, mainly related to the line, but the speed of visiting from the United States is almost the same. How to choose the fastest host in China can be tested through the network speed testing tool.

国外虚拟主机服务器上限制较少:空间一般都非常大,从几百 M 到数 G 的都有,价格基本差不多;通常没有并发 FTP 等限制,没有限制使用:phpinfo()和其他命令执行等;允许 APACHE 原始日志/错误日志访问(有后台日志轮循),错误日志很重要,否则安装 CGI 程序根本无法调试,此外,很多还提供了自动的 AWStats 日志统计服务。

There are few restrictions on foreign virtual host servers: generally, the space is very large, ranging from several hundred m to several G, and the price is almost the same; generally, there are no restrictions on concurrent FTP, and there are no restrictions on the use of phpinfo() and other command execution; access to Apache original log / error log (with background log rotation) is allowed, and the error log is very important, otherwise, CGI is installed Programs can’t be debugged at all. In addition, many of them provide automatic awstats log statistics services.

流量是金钱:如果说国外主机的限制,主要是流量的限制。不要相信什么“Unlimited Bandwidth”(不限流量)这种广告,如果有,要么就是纯粹的欺诈,要么就是出口带宽非常低(这样其实还是限制流量)。对于一般小网站来说,每月 10G 到 20G 的流量已经是足够了,因此还是购买有流量限制的主机安全一些,速度也不会因此受到限制。

Traffic is money: if we say that the restrictions of foreign hosts are mainly traffic restrictions. Don’t believe in advertisements like “unlimited bandwidth”. If there is one, it’s either pure fraud or the export bandwidth is very low (in fact, it’s traffic restriction). For the general small website, 10g to 20g of traffic per month is enough, so it is safer to buy a host with traffic restrictions, and the speed will not be limited.

如何选择主机商

How to choose the host

国外很多虚拟主机有推荐联盟,通过推荐别人注册购买,就会得到收入分成,我却不推荐大家注册这样的主机,真正好的主机一般不会通过收入分成的方式推广,那样只能造成过度销售。特别是很多主机因为用的人多,导致一些 IP 都在国内无法访问,而且其价格个人感觉偏高。

A lot of foreign virtual hosts have recommendation alliances. By recommending others to register for purchase, they will get revenue sharing. But I don’t recommend you to register such hosts. A really good host will not be promoted through revenue sharing, which can only cause excessive sales. In particular, because many hosts are used by many people, some IP can not be accessed in China, and the price is high.

实际上,价格便宜而服务好的主机商也有不少,不过还是比较难找的,而且也有一定风险,建议使用按月支付的方式,慢慢寻找好的主机。

In fact, there are many low-cost and good service providers, but they are still difficult to find, and there are certain risks. It is recommended to use the monthly payment method to slowly find a good host.

按月支付的主机应该是首选的,按年支付的主机建议谨慎选择,有些 Reseller 的主机风险很高。按月支付的好处是,如果你发现这个主机速度很慢或者服务不好,那下个月就可以中止支付而去选择其他主机,对于个人来说风险较小。一般较为自信的大型主机商也乐于提供按月支付方式。

Monthly payment of the host should be the first choice, annual payment of the host is recommended to choose carefully, some reseller host risk is very high. The advantage of monthly payment is that if you find that the host is slow or the service is not good, you can stop the payment next month and choose another host, which is less risky for individuals. Generally more confident mainframe providers are also willing to provide monthly payment.

对于国内一些代理出售国外主机的 Reseller,其价格也相当高,不建议选择。

For some domestic resellers selling foreign hosts, the price is also quite high, so it is not recommended to choose.


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