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【速搜问答】如何安装室外音箱

问答 admin 8个月前 (03-25) 160次浏览 已收录 0个评论

汉英对照:
Chinese-English Translation:

想在室外烧烤聚会上跳舞?你或许觉得安装室外音箱不太容易,但是只要你自己动手去做,就会发现这件事情要比看上去简单得多。自己安装音箱需要大约一个下午的时间,但是你可以因此节省雇佣电工的费用。因此赶快开始吧,你可以马上享受刺激的音乐,不过小心邻居的抱怨哟。

Want to dance at an outdoor barbecue? You may not find it easy to install an outdoor speaker, but as long as you do it yourself, you will find it much easier than it looks. It takes about an afternoon to install your own speakers, but you can save money on hiring electricians. So get started. You can enjoy the exciting music right away, but be careful of the neighbors’ complaints.

安装设备

Installation equipment

1、在室内安装播放器。大部分室外音箱使用现有的室内播放器,由于播放器是灵敏的电子设备,因此一般放置在室内。多路播放器允许你在室内和室外播放不同的音乐。

1. Install the player indoors. Most outdoor speakers use the existing indoor player, because the player is a sensitive electronic device, so it is generally placed indoors. Multi channel player allows you to play different music indoors and outdoors.

2、在室外安装一个音量控制盒。但是你需要将其放置在有遮蔽的地方。你需要使用音箱线连接播放器和音量控制盒,然后再从音量控制盒连接到音箱。大部分音量控制盒可以非常方便地安装在室外墙壁上。

2. Install a volume control box outdoors. But you need to put it in a sheltered place. You need to use the speaker cable to connect the player to the volume control box, and then connect it from the volume control box to the speaker. Most volume control boxes can be easily installed on outdoor walls.

可以使用多个音量控制盒来控制多对音箱。从而可以在不同区域内设置不同的音量。

Multiple volume control boxes can be used to control multiple pairs of speakers. Thus, different volume can be set in different areas.

3、如果你希望安装多对音箱,那么可以安装一个多路功放。新添的音箱将增加播放器过载的几率。你可以在播放器旁边安装一个功放,然后从功放引出音箱线。

3. If you want to install more than one pair of speakers, you can install a multi-channel amplifier. The new speaker will increase the chance of player overload. You can install a power amplifier next to the player, and then lead the speaker cable from the amplifier.

4、准备满足性能要求的音箱线。如果距离小于 24 米,你可以选用 16-gauge 的线缆;如果距离大于 24 米,你需要选用 14 或 12-gauge 的线缆。如果你没有使用满足性能要求的线缆,音箱音质将会受到影响。因为距离越长,信号的衰减就会越严重。

4. Prepare speaker cable to meet performance requirements. If the distance is less than 24 meters, you can choose 16 gauge cable; if the distance is more than 24 meters, you need to choose 14 or 12 gauge cable. If you don’t use a cable that meets the performance requirements, the sound quality of the speaker will be affected. Because the longer the distance, the more serious the signal attenuation.

有四根导线的线缆可以连接两对音箱,因此可以避免使用过多的线缆。

A cable with four wires can connect two pairs of speakers, so you can avoid using too many cables.

符合 CL2 和 CL3 标准的户外音箱线符合美国墙内标准,因此你可以将它们穿过墙壁,而无需担心影响其他电子设备,或者增加火灾风险。这类线缆还可以抵御风雨等恶劣情况,因此适合在室外安装。

Cl2 and CL3 compliant outdoor speaker cables meet us wall in standards, so you can pass them through the wall without worrying about affecting other electronic devices or increasing the risk of fire. This kind of cable can also withstand wind and rain and other adverse conditions, so it is suitable for outdoor installation.

你可以预留 10-15%长度的线缆,用于绕过障碍物,而且可以保持线缆处于松弛的状态。因为如果线缆拉得太紧,导线可能会变形,从而会影响音质。

You can reserve 10-15% of the length of the cable to bypass obstacles, and keep the cable loose. Because if the cable is too tight, the wire may deform, which will affect the sound quality.

5、将音箱线从播放器连接到室外区域。在墙壁底端钻一个洞,让音箱线从室内穿出到室外。然后,你需要使用硅胶封住洞口,保持房间的隔热效果。将音箱线连接到音量控制盒,然后用第二根线缆从控制盒连接到音箱。

5. Connect the speaker cable from the player to the outdoor area. Drill a hole in the bottom of the wall to allow the speaker cable to come out of the room. Then, you need to seal the opening with silicone to keep the room insulated. Connect the speaker cable to the volume control box, and then connect the second cable from the control box to the speaker.

不要利用窗户或门边框穿出音箱线。因为这可能会让导线变形,从而影响声音效果。

Do not use the window or door frame to pierce the speaker line. Because it can deform the wires, which can affect the sound effect.

有些新型音箱可以采用无线方式进行连接,并使用蓝牙设备进行控制。如果你采用无线方式安装音箱,那么无需考虑线缆的问题。你需要确保播放器支持蓝牙音箱,并将音箱放置在距离播放器较近的地方。在没有障碍物的情况下,蓝牙传输距离最长为 45 米。位于播放器和音箱之间的墙壁将缩短有效传输距离。

Some new speakers can be connected wirelessly and controlled by Bluetooth devices. If you install the speaker wirelessly, you don’t need to consider the cable. You need to make sure that the player supports Bluetooth speakers and that the speakers are placed closer to the player. In the case of no obstacles, the maximum transmission distance of Bluetooth is 45 meters. The wall between the player and the speaker will shorten the effective transmission distance.

安装并固定音箱

Install and secure the speaker

1、将音箱放置在有遮蔽的地方。尽管大部分户外音箱都能应对风雨等恶劣情况,但是如果你在使用音箱时提供一些保护,将大大延长其使用寿命。因此尽量将音箱放置在屋檐或露台下方,这样可以减少恶劣天气对音箱的损害。

1. Place the speaker in a sheltered place. Although most outdoor speakers can cope with severe conditions such as wind and rain, if you provide some protection when using speakers, their service life will be greatly extended. So try to put the speaker under the eaves or terrace, so as to reduce the damage of bad weather to the speaker.

2、将音箱分开放置。两只音箱之间至少要有 2.5-3 米的距离。如果音箱之间距离太近,它们的声音会相互干扰,从而使得声音效果不佳。如果音箱之间距离太远,观众将很难同时听到两只音箱的声音,从而无法体验到立体声音效。

2. Separate the speakers. There should be at least 2.5-3 meters between the two speakers. If the distance between speakers is too close, their sound will interfere with each other, which makes the sound effect poor. If the distance between speakers is too far, it will be difficult for the audience to hear the sound of two speakers at the same time, so that they can not experience the stereo sound effect.

3、额外的声道。一对音箱可以播放两个声道:左声道和右声道。这两个声道在一起可以形成立体声效果。当你希望安装不止一对音箱时,你需要额外的左右声道来进行确保立体声效果。如果你希望安装数量较多的音箱,需要更加重视这个问题。

3. Extra channels. A pair of speakers can play two channels: left and right. The two channels work together to create a stereo effect. When you want to install more than one pair of speakers, you need additional left and right channels to ensure stereo effect. If you want to install more speakers, you need to pay more attention to this problem.

如果你沿着一面墙壁安装音箱,那么额外的左右声道需要分别安装墙壁的两侧。

If you install speakers along one wall, the extra left and right channels need to be installed on both sides of the wall.

如果你在露台的四周安装音箱,请将两只左声道音箱安装在两个相对的角落,而两只右声道音箱安装在另外两个相对的角落。

If you install speakers around the balcony, install two left speakers in two opposite corners and two right speakers in the other two opposite corners.

4、固定音箱之前先进行试听。首先确定音箱声音效果和范围满足要求,然后再固定音箱。先试听后安装不仅可以节省很多时间,而且能够减少第一次使用系统时遇到的各种问题。

4. Listen before fixing the speaker. First, make sure that the sound effect and range of the speaker meet the requirements, and then fix the speaker. Audition before installation can not only save a lot of time, but also reduce all kinds of problems when using the system for the first time.

优先考虑多组音箱,而非提高音箱音量。如果你无法在所有需要的地方都听到音乐声,优先考虑添加一对音箱,而非将音量调到最大。

Give priority to groups of speakers instead of increasing the volume. If you can’t hear music everywhere you need it, give priority to adding a pair of speakers instead of turning the volume to maximum.

5、将音箱固定到较高的位置,但是不要固定在过高的位置。在高处安装音箱可以让声音传播更远,从而使得较少音箱覆盖更大范围。但是,如果你将音箱放置到 3 米或更高,声音的很多低音部分都无法听见。因此,请尽量将音箱放置在距离地面 2.5-3 米的地方。

5. Fix the speaker in a higher position, but not in a higher position. Installing speakers at high places can make the sound spread further, so that fewer speakers can cover a larger area. However, if you place the speaker at 3 meters or higher, many of the bass parts of the sound will not be heard. Therefore, please try to place the speaker 2.5-3 meters away from the ground.

6、将音箱向下倾斜放置,促进声音传播。这将为观众提供更好的听觉体验,并且减少对邻居的影响。大部分支架都允许以倾斜方式安装音箱,许多支架还有旋轴,能够以你希望的任意角度安装音箱。

6. Tilt the speaker down to promote sound transmission. This will provide a better hearing experience for the audience and reduce the impact on the neighbors. Most of the brackets allow the speaker to be tilted, and many have spindles that allow you to install the speaker at any angle you want.

7、根据手册进行安装固定。不同支架的安装固定方法不一样,但是你一般需要在固定位置上钻孔。因此你需要准备能够穿透砖石的钻头。

7. Install and fix according to the manual. The installation and fixation methods of different supports are different, but you generally need to drill holes in the fixed position. So you need to have a drill that can penetrate the brick.

只能将音箱固定在木头或砖石上。不要将其固定在木板或铝板上,因为这样可能会让音箱松动。这样还会引起震动,从而造成音质下降,甚至使得音箱跌落。

Only fix the speaker to wood or masonry. Don’t fix it on wood or aluminum, because it may make the speaker loose. This will also cause vibration, resulting in a decline in sound quality, and even make the speaker drop.

使用户外支架。户外音箱支架针对恶劣天气进行了专门设计。普通支架在室外使用会生锈或变得不再牢固。

Use outdoor support. The outdoor speaker bracket is specially designed for bad weather. Ordinary supports will rust or become insecure when used outdoors.

8、使用香蕉插头连接音箱。香蕉接头要比直接导线连接牢固很多,因此更适用于户外音箱。音箱和播放器背后插座可以直接连接香蕉接口。

8. Connect the speaker with a banana plug. Banana connector is much stronger than direct wire connection, so it is more suitable for outdoor speakers. The socket behind the speaker and player can be directly connected to the banana interface.

你需要将音箱线末端绝缘层剥开,才能安装香蕉接口插座。每根音箱线都有红色和黑色两根导线。你可以将两根导线分开以方便连接。导线末端需要剥开大约 2 厘米的长度。

You need to peel off the insulation at the end of the speaker cable to install the banana socket. Each speaker cable has two red and black wires. You can separate the two wires to facilitate the connection. The end of the wire needs to be stripped about 2 cm in length.

当导线剥开后,松开香蕉插座末端螺丝,然后将裸露导线插入插座末端。导线插入后,将螺丝拧紧。重复以上步骤接入另外一根裸露的导线。

When the wire is stripped, loosen the screw at the end of banana socket, and then insert the bare wire into the end of socket. After the wire is inserted, tighten the screw. Repeat the above steps to connect another exposed wire.

音箱故障排除

Troubleshooting speaker

1、阅读音箱和播放器技术规范文档。音箱声音有时会扭曲或模糊,有多种原因会造成这种情况。其中最常见的原因是设备不匹配。你可以检查功放或播放器支持音箱的欧姆数值,是否与你当前音箱匹配;你还可以检查音箱是否支持功放输出的电压值。你需要阅读设备文档,确保所有设备之间相互匹配。

1. Read the technical specification documents of speakers and players. Sometimes the sound of the speaker is distorted or blurred, which can be caused by many reasons. The most common reason is the device mismatch. You can check if the ohm value of the speaker supported by the amplifier or player matches your current speaker; you can also check if the speaker supports the output voltage value of the amplifier. You need to read the device documentation to make sure that all devices match each other.

2、检查连接。如果你不小心接反了音箱线的正负极,你很有可能听不到任何声音。因此你需要仔细检查连接情况,确保黑色导线插入黑色插座,红色导线插入红色插座。

2. Check the connection. If you accidentally connect the positive and negative poles of the speaker cable, you may not hear any sound. So you need to check the connection carefully to make sure that the black wire goes into the black socket and the red wire goes into the red socket.

如果音箱距离太远,而且你没有使用足够性能的线缆,音箱声音可能会扭曲。你可以将音箱移到靠近播放器的位置,然后使用较短的线缆,或者使用性能更好的线缆进行连接。

If the speaker is too far away and you don’t use enough cable, the sound of the speaker may be distorted. You can move the speaker close to the player and connect it with a shorter cable or a better cable.

音箱线短路会造成非常严重的损坏。因此你要确保末端裸露的红线和黑线不相互接触。

A short circuit in the speaker cable can cause very serious damage. So make sure that the exposed red and black lines at the ends don’t touch each other.

3、检查物理损坏。检查音箱是否有物理损坏。损坏音箱的声音非常难听,因此请确保音箱的低音喇叭没有损坏。如果你发现了物理损坏,请更换音箱。

3. Check for physical damage. Check the speaker for physical damage. The sound of the damaged speaker is very hard to hear, so please make sure that the subwoofer of the speaker is not damaged. If you find physical damage, replace the speaker.


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