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【速搜问答】如何升级TrueNAS

问答 admin 8个月前 (03-25) 175次浏览 已收录 0个评论

汉英对照:
Chinese-English Translation:

升级TrueNAS务必选择系统空闲,没有客户端连接且没有清理或其他磁盘活动时执行升级。然后在”系统“>”更新“中手动下载和应用更新即可。安装更新之前,会出现一个对话框,用于保存系统配置文件。

To upgrade truenas, you must choose to upgrade when the system is idle, there is no client connection, and there is no cleanup or other disk activity. Then manually download and apply the update in system & gt; update. Before you install the update, a dialog box appears to save the system configuration file.

最好在 TrueNAS 系统空闲、没有客户端连接且没有清理或其他磁盘活动时执行升级。大多数升级需要重新启动系统。在计划的维护时间内进行升级,以避免干扰用户活动。

It is best to perform an upgrade when the truenas system is idle, there is no client connection, and there is no cleanup or other disk activity. Most upgrades require a system restart. Upgrade within the planned maintenance time to avoid interference with user activities.

除非引导池中有足够的可用空间来容纳新的更新文件,否则升级过程将不会继续进行。如果显示空间警告,请转至”系统“>”启动“以删除不需要的引导环境。

The upgrade process will not continue unless there is enough free space in the boot pool to accommodate the new update files. If a space warning is displayed, go to system & gt; startup to remove unwanted boot environments.

升级和分支

Upgrade and branch

TrueNAS 升级使用加密签名的更新文件。更新文件提供了决定何时升级系统的灵活性。更新安装在新的引导环境中,使您有机会安装和测试更新,但是如果出现任何问题,请在“系统”>“启动”中恢复到以前的引导环境。

Truenas upgrades update files using encrypted signatures. Update files provide the flexibility to decide when to upgrade the system. The update is installed in the new boot environment, giving you the opportunity to install and test the update, but if there are any problems, please restore to the previous boot environment in system & gt; boot.

TrueNAS 定义了软件分支。 可能同时有几个分支可用于更新,但是 Web 界面仅显示可以选择作为升级的分支。

Truenas defines software branches. There may be several branches available for updating at the same time, but the web interface only shows the branches that can be selected as upgrades.

升级分支标有数字版本,后面有简短描述。当前版本会定期修复错误并提供新功能。受支持的较旧版本的 TrueNAS 仅接收维护更新。有关 TrueNAS 版本的开发和支持时间表的更多详细信息,请参见软件开发生命周期。

The upgrade branch is marked with a digital version, followed by a brief description. The current version periodically fixes errors and provides new features. Supported older versions of truenas receive only maintenance updates. For more details on the development and support schedule for the truenas version, see the software development lifecycle.

使用几个特定的词来描述分支的类型:

Several specific words are used to describe the type of branch:

STABLE:该分支提供了一些错误修复和新功能。STABLE 分支提供的升级版本已经过测试,可以立即应用于生产环境。

Stable: this branch provides some bug fixes and new features. The upgraded version provided by the stable branch has been tested and can be immediately applied to the production environment.

Nightlies:用于测试 TrueNAS 未来版本的实验性分支。

Nightlies: an experimental branch for testing future versions of truenas.

SDK:软件开发人员套件分支。它具有用于测试和调试 TrueNAS®的其他工具。

SDK: Software Developer Suite branch. It has other tools for testing and debugging truenas.

注意:当当前选择的分支不适合生产使用时,UI 会显示警告。在使用非生产型分支之前,请准备好遇到错误或问题。鼓励测试人员在 https://jira.ixsystems.com 上提交错误报告。

Note: when the currently selected branch is not suitable for production, the UI will display a warning. Be prepared to encounter errors or problems before using non production branches. Encourage testers to https://jira.ixsystems.com Submit error report on.

检查更新

Check for updates

升级选项

upgrade options

系统每天检查更新并下载更新(如果有)。当有新的更新可用时,将发出警报。通过取消选中“每日检查更新”和“如果可用下载”,可以禁用自动检查和下载更新。单击⟳(刷新)以再次检查更新。要更改分支,请使用下拉菜单进行其他选择。

The system checks for updates daily and downloads updates, if any. Alerts when new updates are available. You can disable automatic checking and downloading of updates by deselecting check for updates daily and download if available. Click refresh to check for updates again. To change the branch, use the drop-down menu for other choices.

注意:分支选择器不允许降级。例如,在引导到 Nightly 引导环境中时不能选择 STABLE 分支,或者在引导到 11 引导环境中时不能选择 9.10 分支。 要在测试或运行较新版本后返回到较早版本,请重新引导并为该较早版本选择一个引导环境。然后,可以使用此屏幕检查分支的更新。

Note: branch selector does not allow degradation. For example, you cannot select the stable branch when booting into the nightly boot environment, or you cannot select the 9.10 branch when booting into the 11 boot environment. To return to an earlier version after testing or running a newer version, reboot and select a boot environment for the earlier version. This screen can then be used to check the branches of.

显示有关更新的信息以及发行说明的链接。重要的是在更新之前阅读发行说明,以确定该发行版中的任何更改是否影响系统的使用。

Displays information about the update and a link to the release notes. It is important to read the release notes before updating to determine if any changes in that release affect the use of the system.

保存配置文件

Save profile

安装更新之前,会出现一个对话框,用于保存系统配置文件。

Before you install the update, a dialog box appears to save the system configuration file.

警告:保存后,请确保系统配置文件的安全。配置文件中的安全信息可用于未经授权访问 TrueNAS 系统。

Warning: after saving, make sure the system configuration file is safe. The security information in the configuration file can be used for unauthorized access to truenas systems.

应用更新

Application update

确保系统处于低使用状态,如上文准备更新中所述。单击下载更新以立即下载并安装更新。

Ensure that the system is in a low usage state, as described in preparing for an update above. Click download update to download and install the update now.

出现“保存配置”对话框,因此可以将当前配置保存到外部媒体。

The save configuration dialog box appears, so you can save the current configuration to external media.

在安装更新之前,会出现一个确认窗口。设置下载后应用更新并重新启动系统后,单击继续下载并应用更新,然后重新引导系统。可以通过在下载后取消选中“应用更新并重新启动系统”来下载更新以供以后进行手动安装。

Before you install the update, a confirmation window appears. After setting up to apply updates after download and restart the system, click continue to download and apply updates, and then reboot the system. You can download updates for later manual installation by deselecting “apply updates and restart system” after downloading.

下载更新并准备安装时,将显示“正在申请更新”。单击此按钮以查看确认窗口。设置“确认”并单击“继续”将安装更新并重新引导系统。

When you download an update and are ready to install it, “requesting an update” is displayed. Click this button to view the confirmation window. Setting “confirm” and clicking “continue” will install the update and reboot the system.

警告:每个更新都会创建一个引导环境。如果更新过程需要更多空间,它将尝试删除旧的引导环境。如”系统“>”启动“中所示,标记为”保持“属性的引导环境不会被删除。如果没有可用于新引导环境的空间,则升级将失败。可以通过转到”系统“>”启动“并删除”保持“属性或删除不再需要的任何引导环境来手动释放操作系统设备上的空间。

Warning: each update creates a boot environment. If the update process requires more space, it will try to remove the old boot environment. As shown in “system” & gt; “startup”, boot environments marked with the “keep” attribute are not removed. If there is no space available for the new boot environment, the upgrade will fail. You can manually free up space on the operating system device by going to system & gt; start and remove the keep property or remove any boot environment that is no longer needed.

手动升级

Manual upgrade

还可以在”系统“>”更新“中手动下载和应用更新。

You can also download and apply updates manually in system & gt; updates.

注意:不能使用手动更新来升级较早的主要版本到新的主要版本。

Note: manual updates cannot be used to upgrade an earlier major to a new major.

转到https://download.freenas.org/并找到所需版本的更新文件。手动更新文件名以-manual-update-unsigned.tar 结尾。

go to https://download.freenas.org/ And find the update file of the required version. Manually update the file name to – manual update- unsigned.tar ending.

将所需的更新文件下载到本地系统。登录到 TrueNAS Web 界面,然后转到“系统”>“更新”,单击”安装手动更新文件“。

Download the required update file to the local system. Log in to the truenas web interface, go to system & gt; update, and click Install manual update files.

将打开“保存配置”对话框。这样就可以将当前配置的副本保存到外部媒体上,以便在发生升级问题时进行备份。

The save configuration dialog box opens. This allows you to save a copy of the current configuration to external media for backup in case of upgrade problems.

对话框关闭后,将显示手动更新屏幕。

When the dialog box closes, the manual update screen is displayed.

显示当前版本的 TrueNAS 进行验证。

Displays the current version of truenas for verification.

选择使用“浏览”保存到本地系统的手动更新文件。设置“更新后重新启动”以在安装更新后重新引导系统。 单击“应用更新”开始更新。

Select the manually updated file saved to the local system using browse. Set restart after update to reboot the system after the update is installed. Click Apply update to start the update.

正在更新

Updating

开始升级会显示一个进度对话框。当正在进行升级时,Web 界面在第一行中显示一个动画的 system_update_alt 图标。在每个活动的 Web 界面会话中还会出现对话框,以警告正在进行系统更新。不要中断系统更新。

Starting the upgrade displays a progress dialog box. When upgrading, the web interface displays an animated system in the first line_ update_ Alt Icon. A dialog box will also appear in each active web interface session to alert you that a system update is in progress. Do not interrupt system updates.


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