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【速搜问答】租赁合同的期限是什么

问答 admin 9个月前 (03-20) 152次浏览 已收录 0个评论

汉英对照:
Chinese-English Translation:

租赁合同的期限超过20年的,超过部分无效。租赁期间届满,当事人可以续订租赁合同,但约定的租赁期限自续订之日起仍不得超过20年。

If the term of the lease contract exceeds 20 years, the part exceeding 20 years shall be invalid. At the end of the lease term, the parties may renew the lease contract, but the lease term agreed upon shall not exceed 20 years from the date of renewal.

租赁合同的期限超过 20 年的,超过部分无效。租赁期间届满,当事人可以续订租赁合同,但约定的租赁期限自续订之日起仍不得超过 20 年。

If the term of the lease contract exceeds 20 years, the part exceeding 20 years shall be invalid. At the end of the lease term, the parties may renew the lease contract, but the lease term agreed upon shall not exceed 20 years from the date of renewal.

不定期租赁

Non term lease

(1)租赁期限 6 个月以上的,合同应当采用书面形式。当事人未采用书面形式的,视为不定期租赁。

(1) If the lease term is more than six months, the contract shall be in written form. If the parties fail to adopt a written form, it shall be deemed as an indefinite lease.

(2)当事人对租赁期限没有约定或者约定不明确的,可以协议补充;不能达成补充协议的,按照合同有关条款或者交易习惯确定;仍不能确定的,视为不定期租赁。

(2) If the parties have not agreed or have not clearly agreed on the term of the lease, they may supplement it by agreement; if a supplementary agreement cannot be reached, it shall be determined in accordance with the relevant provisions of the contract or trading habits; if it is still uncertain, it shall be regarded as an indefinite lease.

(3)租赁期限届满,承租人继续使用租赁物,出租人未提出异议的,原租赁合同继续有效,但租赁期限为不定期。

(3) If the lessee continues to use the lease item at the expiration of the lease term and the lessor does not raise any objection, the original lease contract shall continue to be valid, but the lease term shall be indefinite.

一般财产租赁合同都要明确租赁期限,因为它要决定租赁物价值的回收,租金数额的确定问题。我国《合同法》规定,当事人约定的租赁期限不得超过 20 年。超过 20 年的,超过部分无效。租赁期限届满,当事人可以续订租赁合同,但约定的租赁期限自续订之日起不得超过 20 年。期限 6 个月以上的租赁合同,应当采用书面形式。当事人未采用书面形式,可视为不定期租赁。

Generally, the lease term should be specified in the property lease contract, because it determines the recovery of the value of the lease and the determination of the amount of rent. China’s “contract law” stipulates that the lease term agreed by the parties shall not exceed 20 years. If it is more than 20 years old, the excess part shall be invalid. Upon the expiration of the lease term, the parties may renew the lease contract, provided that the agreed lease term shall not exceed 20 years from the date of renewal. A lease contract with a term of more than six months shall be in written form. If the parties fail to adopt a written form, it can be regarded as an indefinite lease.

什么是租赁合同的期限

What is the term of the lease contract

租赁合同是指出租人将租赁物交付承租人使用、收益,承租人支付租金的合同。谈到租赁合同就必然牵扯到租赁合同的期限问题。在租赁合同中,双方当事人可以约定租赁的具体期限,也可以不约定租赁物的使用期限,即订立不定期租赁合同。

Lease contract refers to the contract in which the lessor delivers the lease to the lessee for use and income, and the lessee pays the rent. When it comes to the lease contract, it inevitably involves the term of the lease contract. In a lease contract, both parties may agree on the specific term of the lease, or may not agree on the term of use of the lease, that is, conclude an indefinite lease contract.

根据《民法典》第七百零五条的规定,租赁合同的期限不得超过二十年,超过部分无效。租赁期限届满,当事人可以续订租赁合同,但约定的租赁期限自续订之日起不得超过二十年。由此可知,当事人订立租赁合同时约定的租赁期限最长不能超过二十年,如果实在有超过二十年的必要,可以在约定的期限届满之后续租。如果当事人在合同中约定的租赁期限超过二十年的,并不是导致租赁合同无效,而只是超过的部分无效。对于约定了明确期限的租赁合同,到期后合同自然终止,承租人需返还租赁物,但是可以默示续租,即承租人继续使用租赁物,而且出租人没有异议,在此需要注意的是,虽然原先的租赁合同还是有效,但是此时合同变为不定期租赁合同。

According to Article 705 of the civil code, the term of the lease contract shall not exceed 20 years, and the part exceeding 20 years shall be invalid. Upon the expiration of the lease term, the parties may renew the lease contract, provided that the agreed lease term shall not exceed 20 years from the date of renewal. It can be seen that the lease term agreed upon by the parties when entering into the lease contract cannot exceed 20 years. If it is really necessary to exceed 20 years, the lease can be renewed after the expiration of the agreed term. If the lease term agreed by the parties in the contract is more than 20 years, it does not lead to the invalidity of the lease contract, but only the part over 20 years is invalid. For the lease contract with a definite term, the contract will terminate naturally after the expiration, and the lessee needs to return the lease item, but it can be renewed implicitly, that is, the lessee continues to use the lease item, and the lessor has no objection. It should be noted that although the original lease contract is still valid, the contract becomes an indefinite lease contract at this time.

在合同形式上,民法典有明确规定,即租赁期限在六个月以上的,应当采用书面形式。如果当事人未采用书面形式的,则视合同为不定期租赁合同。

In terms of contract form, the civil code clearly stipulates that if the lease term is more than six months, it should be in written form. If the parties do not adopt a written form, the contract shall be regarded as an indefinite lease contract.

不定期租赁合同产生的情形主要有以下三种:

There are mainly three kinds of situations of the indefinite lease contract

第一、当事人在租赁合同中没有约定租赁期限;

First, the parties have not stipulated the lease term in the lease contract;

第二、当事人在租赁合同中将租赁合同的期限约定在六个月以上,但是没有签订书面合同的,视为不定期租赁;

Second, if the parties agree in the lease contract that the term of the lease contract is more than six months, but they have not signed a written contract, it shall be regarded as an indefinite lease;

第三、租赁期限届满,承租人继续使用租赁物,出租人没有异议的,原租赁合同有效,但合同为不定期租赁。

Third, if the lessee continues to use the lease item at the expiration of the lease term and the lessor has no objection, the original lease contract is valid, but the contract is an indefinite lease.

不定期租赁合同比较随意,当事人可以随时解除合同,但是如果是出租人解除合同的话,就要在合理的期限之前通知承租人。

Irregular lease contract is more casual, the parties can terminate the contract at any time, but if it is the lessor to terminate the contract, it is necessary to notify the lessee before a reasonable period of time.

综上所述,当事人在签订租赁合同中既可以选择一定的期限,也可以订立不定期租赁,但是鉴于不定期租赁的性质,如果当事人需要长时间稳定的出租或者使用租赁物的,还是做好能够订立固定期限的租赁合同。

To sum up, the parties can choose a certain period of time or enter into an indefinite lease when signing the lease contract. However, in view of the nature of the indefinite lease, if the parties need to lease or use the leased property stably for a long time, it is better to enter into a fixed-term lease contract.


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