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【速搜问答】股票做空是什么意思

问答 admin 9个月前 (03-13) 159次浏览 已收录 0个评论

汉英对照:
Chinese-English Translation:

做空,又称空头,是一种股票、期货等的投资术语,是股票、期货等市场的一种操作模式。做空是指预期未来行情下跌,将手中股票按目前价格卖出,待行情跌后买进,获取差价利润。其交易行为特点为先卖后买。

Short, also known as short, is an investment term for stocks and futures, and an operation mode of stock and futures markets. Short selling refers to the expectation that the future market will fall, sell the stocks according to the current price, and buy them after the market falls, so as to obtain the profit margin. Its trading behavior is characterized by selling before buying.

做空,又称空头,是一种股票、期货等的投资术语,是股票、期货等市场的一种操作模式。做空是指预期未来行情下跌,将手中股票按目前价格卖出,待行情跌后买进,获取差价利润。其交易行为特点为先卖后买。

Short, also known as short, is an investment term for stocks and futures, and an operation mode of stock and futures markets. Short selling refers to the expectation that the future market will fall, sell the stocks according to the current price, and buy them after the market falls, so as to obtain the profit margin. Its trading behavior is characterized by selling before buying.

股票做空指投资者预支股票会有下跌趋势的时候在高位卖出自己手中的股票,然后等股票下跌之后然后再买回来,从而赚取中间的差价的一种常见的操作方式。拥有融资融券的的账户还可以先在证券公司以借来的标的股票,然后等股价降低再买入还给证券公司赚取差价,相反如果后面股票涨了必须以高于融资的价格买入还给证券公司。

Short selling of stocks is a common way for investors to sell their stocks at a high level when they have a downward trend in advance of stocks, and then buy them back after the stocks fall, so as to earn the middle price difference. The account with margin trading can also borrow the underlying stock in the securities company first, and then buy it back to the securities company to earn the price difference when the stock price decreases. On the contrary, if the stock rises later, it must be bought back to the securities company at a price higher than the financing price.

什么是股票做空

What is short selling

我们以美股为例,讲一下股票做空机制,比如阿里巴巴美股现在的股价是 200 美元,您判断后市会跌,您可以向券商借入该股票,假如您假如 100 股,卖出后获得 20000 美元,如果阿里巴巴股价跌到 180 美元时,您花 18000 美元买入 100 股还给券商,这时您就赚了 2000 美元利润了。如果阿里巴巴股价上涨到了 220 美元时,您判断还会上涨,为了还以前借的 100 股,只有花 22000 美元买入 100 股还给券商,最后您亏损了 2000 美元。

Let’s take the US stock as an example to talk about the stock short mechanism. For example, Alibaba’s US stock price is $200 now. If you judge that it will fall in the future, you can borrow the stock from the securities company. If you sell 100 shares, you will get $20000. If Alibaba’s stock price falls to $180, you will spend $18000 to buy 100 shares and return them to the securities company. At this time, you will earn $2000 The dollar profit has gone up. If Alibaba’s share price rises to $220, you can judge that it will rise. In order to repay the 100 shares borrowed before, you have to spend $22000 to buy 100 shares and return them to the securities company. In the end, you lost $2000.

中国 A 股能做空吗

Can Chinese A shares be short

中国 a 股没有做空机制,只有股票上涨才能获利。在这种情况下,股价很容易偏离实际价值,以高市盈率进行交易。此外,由于没有做空机制,只要庄家控制大部分流通股,股价就会完全按照庄家的意图上下波动。

There is no short mechanism in China’s A-share market. Only when the stock rises can it make profits. In this case, it is easy for the stock price to deviate from the real value and trade at a high P / E ratio. In addition, because there is no short mechanism, as long as the makers control most of the circulating shares, the stock price will fluctuate up and down completely according to the intention of the makers.

在美国,由于做空机制的存在,只要正确判断股票走势,即使在熊市也能赚钱。而且,由于手上没有股票也可以做空,使得庄家更难操纵股票价格。

In the United States, due to the existence of short mechanism, as long as the correct judgment of the stock trend, even in the bear market can make money. Moreover, because there is no stock on hand can also be short, making it more difficult for the makers to manipulate the stock price.

散户 a 股怎么做空股票

How to short A-share for retail investors

虽然 a 股不能直接做空股票,但是可以间接的做空股票,有如下几种方法:

Although A-share can not directly short stocks, it can indirectly short stocks in the following ways:

股指期货做空 A 股

Stock index futures short a shares

股指期货最大的特点是可以交易 T+0,当日交易次数没有限制。如果投资者认为当天股市会下跌,他们可以通过出售股指期货合约在下跌的市场中获利。

The biggest feature of stock index futures is that it can trade T + 0, and there is no limit to the number of transactions on that day. If investors think the stock market will fall that day, they can profit from the falling market by selling stock index futures contracts.

股指期货的另一个特点是,当投资者做出正确的交易行为时,可以利用股指期货进行交易,扩大利润。考虑到期货公司通常要求 15%的保证金比率,这意味着杠杆率接近 7 倍。

Another characteristic of stock index futures is that when investors make correct trading behavior, they can use stock index futures to trade and expand profits. Considering that futures companies usually require a margin ratio of 15%, this means that the leverage ratio is close to 7 times.

目前,中国金融期货交易所推出的期货交易产品有三种:沪深 300 股指期货、上证 50 股指期货和中证 500 股指期货。

At present, there are three kinds of futures trading products launched by China Financial Futures Exchange: CSI 300 stock index futures, SSE 50 stock index futures and CSI 500 stock index futures.

提示:股指期货对投资者要求高,对各类信息收集和判断能力强,操作不当,容易”丧命”,没有这方面经验的投资者建议谨慎!

Tips: stock index futures have high requirements for investors, strong ability to collect and judge all kinds of information, improper operation, easy to “die”, investors without this experience are advised to be cautious!

期权做空股票

Options short stocks

股票期权的做空方法是许多投资者,特别是一些散户投资者的一个很好的选择。首先期权,是一种权利。但是,这项权利的行使是由投资者根据其价值在未来某一时间决定的。由于投资者难免有不同意见,做空的人很多,所以期权可以分为认购期权(看涨)和认沽期权(看跌)。

The short method of stock option is a good choice for many investors, especially for some retail investors. First of all, option is a kind of right. However, the exercise of this right is determined by investors at a certain time in the future according to their value. As investors inevitably have different opinions and there are many short sellers, options can be divided into call option (call) and put option (put).

融券做空股票

Short the stock through securities lending

所谓融券,就是借券。向谁借?投资者所开户的券商。能否直接裸卖空?目前政策不允许。具体怎么操作呢?简单起见,都不考虑交易手续费等费用。

The so-called securities lending is securities borrowing. Who can I borrow from? The securities company opened by the investor. Can we sell naked short directly? The current policy does not allow it. How to operate? For the sake of simplicity, transaction fees and other fees are not considered.

例如,某股票由于惊人的高股价,它已经远远偏离了价值。投资者认为股价会下跌。此时,投资者可以向你的券商借入该股票,然后以当时高价(假如是 40 元)卖出。如果是 10000 股,那么你手头多了 40 万元现金。

For example, a stock has deviated far from its value due to its surprisingly high share price. Investors think the share price will fall. At this time, investors can borrow the stock from your broker, and then sell it at the high price (if it is 40 yuan). If it’s 10000 shares, you have 400000 yuan more cash on hand.

然后,股票价格在随后的两个连续交易日内大幅下跌。在这时,如果你认为股价已经跌到了一个相对合理的水平。你可以回购 10000 股该股票,如果你以 32 元的价格买回该股票,你将花费 32 万元。

Then, the stock price fell sharply in the following two consecutive trading days. At this time, if you think the stock price has fallen to a relatively reasonable level. You can buy back 10000 shares of the stock. If you buy back the stock at 32 yuan, you will spend 320000 yuan.


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