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【速搜问答】如何使用iMovie

问答 admin 9个月前 (03-13) 149次浏览 已收录 0个评论

汉英对照:
Chinese-English Translation:

iMovie 是种使用简单、灵活性强的电影片段制作软件,是苹果 iLife 组件的一部分,它可以把你在家里随手拍的视频做成像样的影片。其中用到的工具和效果都非常炫酷,功能齐全,拥有个性化的自定义功能,你完全可以用它来制作属于自己的影片。

IMovie is a kind of simple and flexible movie clip making software. It is a part of Apple’s iLife component. It can make the videos you shoot at home into decent movies. The tools and effects used in it are very cool, full-featured, with personalized custom functions, you can use it to make your own movies.

第 1 部分:导入电影胶片

Part 1: import film

1、打开 iMovie。如果在屏幕下方没看到,你可以在程序文件夹里看到它。或者在 Spotlight 中搜索 iMovie。

1. Open iMovie. If you don’t see it at the bottom of the screen, you can see it in the programs folder. Or search for iMovie in spotlight.

2、导入视频。想用 iMovie 制作电影,先要导入一段相机上的视频。大多数相机可以轻松地直接用 USB 线或火线接口进行传输,一些相机需要用闪存卡(SD 卡或 CF 卡)读取器接入电脑来传输。你也可以通过 iPhone 或 iPad 的数据线来传输这些设备上面的视频。

2. Import video. To make a movie with iMovie, you need to import a video from the camera. Most cameras can be easily transferred directly by USB cable or FireWire interface, and some cameras need to be connected to the computer by flash card (SD card or CF card) reader. You can also transfer video from these devices via the iPhone or iPad cable.

适当地把相机接上电脑。用相机配套的数据线连上电脑和相机。

Connect the camera to the computer properly. Connect the computer and camera with the data cable of the camera.

打开相机,设置为通过数据线连接模式。在不同的品牌和机子里,这种功能的叫法不同。

Turn on the camera and set it to connect through the data line mode. In different brands and machines, this function is called differently.

选择电影的图像分辨率。如果你想拍高清视频,就在导入窗口中选择“高清”,或者选择“大”或“满”的选项。如果没有自动打开导入窗口,就从“文件”菜单中选取“从相机导入”。

Select the image resolution of the movie. If you want to take HD video, select “HD” or “big” or “full” in the import window. If the import window does not open automatically, select import from camera from the file menu.

3、选择导入 iMovie 的部分。导入窗口会显示所有相机内可导入的视频(只要按了录制键,再按停止键,都会录入视频)。你可以导入所有想用的片段,或者取消选择不想导入的视频,然后点击“导入文件检查完毕”。

3. Select the part to import iMovie. The import window will display all the videos that can be imported from the camera (as long as you press the record key and then press the stop key, the video will be entered). You can import all the clips you want to use, or deselect the videos you don’t want to import, and then click “import file check complete”.

如果你用的是含录影带的相机,你可以把整段视频都导入进去,或者用屏幕上的控制键来快进或快退,选中某段视频,用播放和停止的控制键,来开始或停止导入过程。

If you are using a video camera, you can import the whole video, or use the control keys on the screen to fast forward or backward, select a video, and use the play and stop control keys to start or stop the import process.

4、保存视频。要确保空间的充足。尤其像高清视频一类的视频文件会占用很多存储量。你可不想在开始编辑之前就发现没地儿放文件了吧!

4. Save the video. Make sure there is enough space. In particular, video files like HD video will occupy a lot of storage. You don’t want to find that there’s no room for files before you start editing!

5、整理导入的视频。

5. Organize the imported video.

首次从相机导入时,在事件库(Event Library)中还不会出现事件。

When importing from a camera for the first time, no event will appear in the event library.

要创建新事件,就在“创建新事件”中输入事件名字。

To create a new event, enter the name of the event in create new event.

如果你导入了不同日期拍摄的视频,你可以选择“把日期分为新事件”(Split days into new Events)给每个日期都加个新事件。

If you import videos taken on different dates, you can select “split days into new events” to add a new event to each date.

要想给某个事件(之前导入的视频)附加一个视频,你只要点击“添加到已有事件”,在弹出窗口中输入新的事件名称。

To attach a video to an event (previously imported video), just click “add to existing event” and enter a new event name in the pop-up window.

6、摆脱镜头摇晃的干扰。选择“导入后分析”的菜单,选择“稳定”。此时 iMovie 会开始分析视频内容,平滑化所有镜头的摆动(比如《女巫布莱尔》这部电影里的那样)。

6. Get rid of the camera shake. Select the “post import analysis” menu and select “stable”. At this point, iMovie will start to analyze the video content and smooth out the swing of all shots (such as in the movie “the witch Blair”).

分析菜单中还有一个选项,即在电影胶片中搜索人物。如果 iMovie 探测到人脸的存在,会做个标记。

There is also an option in the analysis menu to search for people in the film. If iMovie detects the presence of a face, it makes a marker.

以上两个功能都需大量时间来完成。

Both of these functions take a lot of time to complete.

7、优化视频。如果你导入的是高清视频,选择优化视频菜单,给它定一个大小。设置好所有设定以后,点击确认,喝口茶。可能要等几分钟到超过一个小时来完成。

7. Optimize video. If you are importing HD video, choose the optimize video menu and size it. After setting all the settings, click OK and have a cup of tea. It may take a few minutes to more than an hour to finish.

第 2 部分:创建新项目

Part 2: creating a new project

1、选择主题。在文件菜单选择“新项目”,或者按 Command+N 来打开菜单。这样你就可以创建基本的项目框架。创建以后可以添加 iMovie 主题。iMovie 事先读取好了一些独特而有趣的主题,给你的电影更独一、更有吸引力的外观和观感。你可以选择从剪贴簿到好莱坞大片的各种效果。预览各个选项,选择喜欢的那个,如果你想要自己创建主题,就选择“没有主题”,然后点击创建按钮。

1. Select a topic. Select new project from the file menu, or press Command + n to open the menu. So you can create the basic project framework. After creation, you can add iMovie themes. IMovie has read some unique and interesting themes in advance to give your movie a more unique and attractive look and feel. You can choose from scrapbooks to Hollywood blockbusters. Preview the options and choose the one you like. If you want to create your own theme, select “no theme” and click the Create button.

2、设置项目属性。加入内容之前,你需要给内容一定的定位。

2. Set project properties. Before adding content, you need to position the content.

在主题列表旁边的“名字”选项,给项目取个名字。

Next to the topic list, click the “name” option to give the item a name.

选择一个缩放比例。这个比例就是高度和宽度的比例。比如 iPad、iPhone 高宽比是 4:3,新式的电视和显示屏用宽屏的 16:9 比例。

Select a scaling factor. This ratio is the ratio of height to width. For example, the height to width ratio of iPad and iPhone is 4:3, and the new TV and display use the 16:9 ratio of wide screen.

选择帧率。用和拍摄时一致的帧率。大多数美国的相机影片用 “30 fps – NTSC”的帧率。欧洲的相机则是 “25 fps – PAL” 。如果视频是 24fps(帧每秒)的,你就要选取 24fps 的帧率。

Select the frame rate. Use the same frame rate as when shooting. Most American camera movies use a “30 FPS – NTSC” frame rate. The European camera is “25 FPS – pal”. If the video is 24fps (frames per second), you have to choose the frame rate of 24fps.

3、加入自动过渡效果。将两个片段融合起来的时候,你可以通过不同方式进行过渡。你也可以随时改换过渡的效果。

3. Add automatic transition effect. When you fuse the two pieces, you can transition in different ways. You can also change the transition effect at any time.

默认上的过渡用的是淡入淡出的效果,如果想要改,完全可以改成别的效果。

The default transition is fade in and fade out. If you want to change it, you can change it to another effect.

4、点击创建。完成设置以后,点击“创建”。你会看到新的空白项目在项目浏览器中出现了。

4. Click create. When you are finished setting up, click “create”. You will see new blank items appear in the project browser.

第 3 部分:给项目添加视频

Part 3: adding videos to a project

1、选择要包含的视频片段。给新项目配置好以后,添加一些片段吧。添加好的所有视频都会列在事件库中,这个区域在项目库(Project Library)和预览区域(Preview)下方。

1. Select the video clip you want to include. After configuring the new project, add some fragments. All the added videos will be listed in the event library, which is under the project library and preview area.

如果你在开始这部分之前关闭了 iMovie,就打开 iMovie,然后双击该项目名。

If you close iMovie before you start this section, open iMovie and double-click the project name.

想要改变项目,点击项目库,选择某个项目。

To change a project, click Project Library and select a project.

2、选择想要的时间。在事件库中,所有可用的时间都会出现。点一次即可选择要编辑的项目。

2. Choose the time you want. In the event library, all available times appear. Click once to select the item to edit.

没看到事件库?你可以在 iMovie 左下方找到它。

Didn’t you see the event library? You can find it at the bottom left of iMovie.

3、添加第一个片段。在事件库下的电影预览条中选择片段,或者一个范围的影片帧。

3. Add the first clip. In the movie preview bar of the event library, select a clip or a range of movie frames.

要选择一整段视频片段,按住 Shift,点击一次视频即看到出现黄色边框,表示它已被选中。

To select a whole video clip, hold down shift and click the video once to see a yellow border, indicating that it has been selected.

要选择一个范围的片段,按住某个片段某个区域,在按住触控板或鼠标的时候,拖动到结尾的区域,这中间的区域就会出现黄色边框,被选中了。

To select a range of clips, press and hold a clip or an area. When you press and hold the touchpad or mouse, drag it to the end area. The middle area will appear a yellow border and be selected.

把选择的视频片段拖动到左上角的项目浏览器中。你会看到一个绿色的竖直线,上面含有绿色的加号,表示你可以放在那里。

Drag the selected video clip to the project browser in the upper left corner. You’ll see a green vertical line with a green plus sign on it, which means you can put it there.

4、添加所有的视频。按照想要的顺序拖动各个片段到项目浏览器中。你可以依次添加各个视频,也可以在某两段视频中间加入一段新的视频。

4. Add all videos. Drag the clips to the project browser in the order you want. You can add each video in turn, or you can add a new video between two videos.

第 4 部分:添加照片

Part 4: add photos

1、扫描照片(或者通过相机导入)。导入的照片量可以超过视频的量,如果视频中出现了静止的照片,还能让你的视频有种纪录片的感觉。

1. Scan the photos (or import them through the camera). The number of imported photos can exceed the number of videos. If there are still photos in the video, it can also make your video feel like a documentary.

2、打开照片浏览器。点击右下方的相机图标(视频片段按钮上方),照片浏览窗口会从右侧滑入,你可以从里面选择所有 iPhoto 相片库中的照片。

2. Open the photo browser. Click the camera icon at the bottom right (above the video clip button), and the photo browsing window will slide in from the right. You can select all the photos in the iPhoto photo gallery from it.

导入其他来源的静止照片之后,你可以点击“最近导入”的按钮查看它们,但是只能看到导入的照片。或者你也可以从硬盘任意位置拖动到 iMovie 画面中。总之把所有的照片都放在一个文件夹里是最好的。

After importing still photos from other sources, you can click the “recently imported” button to view them, but only the imported photos can be seen. Or you can drag from anywhere on your hard disk to the iMovie screen. All in all, it’s best to put all the photos in one folder.

3、把照片拖动到目标区域。如果你拖动到视频的前后,你会看到一条绿色的竖线,表示可以拖放到这里。

3. Drag the photo to the target area. If you drag to the front and back of the video, you will see a green vertical line, indicating that you can drag and drop it here.

如果是红色,则你可能把照片拖动到一个视频片段中了。iMovie 会询问你是否覆盖已有的视频片段。你可以确认或取消操作。

If it’s red, you may drag the photo into a video clip. IMovie will ask if you want to cover the existing video clips. You can confirm or cancel the operation.

4、有创意地用照片。可以在动作场景的视频画面之间插入一个静止的照片。比如前一段的视频中,一个滑雪者腾空而起,这时插入一张他在半空中的静止截图,效果一定不错。

4. Use photos creatively. You can insert a still photo between the video frames of the action scene. For example, in the previous video, a skier soars into the air, and then inserts a static screenshot of him in mid air. The effect must be good.

你可以设置静止的时间。之后你就可以看到:滑雪者腾跃而起,稍稍失去了点平衡,然后停!画面集中在滑雪者上,观众很好奇接下来发生了什么。然后继续播放!观众会看到滑雪者完美地完成了动作——和他们期待中的一模一样。你也可以把静止照片设置为滑雪者的脸部表情,比如满脸带雪渣地微笑!

You can set the rest time. Then you can see: the skier jumps up, loses a little balance, and stops! The scene focuses on the skiers, and the audience is curious about what happened next. Then continue to play! Viewers will see as like as two peas skiers completed their movements perfectly. You can also set the still photo as the skier’s facial expression, such as a snowy smile!

第 5 部分:润色作品

Part 5: touch up works

1、把视频处理得整洁点。设置好所有东西以后,你可以加些元素,让视频显得很特别。可以用(或改变)主题、添加过渡、音乐和标题等。

1. Clean up the video. After setting everything up, you can add elements to make the video special. You can use (or change) themes, add transitions, music and titles, etc.

2、加入项目主题。一开始没有选择主题的话,现在可以加一个。在文件菜单中,选择“项目主题” ,或按 Shift-Command-J 打开。

2. Add a project theme. If you didn’t choose a topic at the beginning, you can add one now. From the file menu, select project topics, or press shift-command-j to open.

3、选择主题。点击任何一项短描述,来查看详细的主题描述,选择是否要包含自动过渡。

3. Select a topic. Click any short description to view the detailed topic description and select whether to include automatic transition.

选择主题以后,可以看到 30 秒样本视频,看看是否合乎你的期待。

After selecting the theme, you can see a 30 second sample video to see if it meets your expectations.

如果是 iMovie 新手,就用自动过渡和标题选项。这样你可以了解这些选项运行后的样子,过后都可以返回编辑或改变它们。

If you’re new to iMovie, use the auto transition and title options. This way you can see what these options look like after they run, and then you can go back and edit or change them later.

自己决定是否勾选或取消勾选“自动过渡和标题”选项。

You decide whether to check or uncheck the “auto transition and title” option.

4、点击确认。iMovie 就会开始创建项目,添加过渡和最后的标题。

4. Click OK. IMovie will start creating the project, adding transitions and final titles.

5、添加自己的过渡样式。你可以打开工具栏的过渡浏览器,改变各片段间的过渡方式。

5. Add your own transition style. You can open the transition browser of the toolbar and change the transition mode between clips.

选择想要的过渡效果,然后拖动到两个视频中。iMovie 会自动控制过渡的效果。双击过渡图标,你也可以在弹出的菜单中轻松更改效果。

Select the transition effect you want, and then drag it into the two videos. IMovie automatically controls the effect of the transition. Double click the transition icon, you can also easily change the effect in the pop-up menu.

6、添加音乐。没有音乐的电影是所谓的“幻灯片放映式”。如果只有这种无聊的方式让观众欣赏旅行照片,估计没几个人能撑到最后。我们现在已经能轻松添加音乐了,为什么不加上一段呢?

6. Add music. Movies without music are so-called “slide shows.”. If only this boring way to let the audience enjoy the travel photos, it is estimated that few people can last. Now that we can easily add music, why not add one?

7、点击“音乐和音效”按钮(工具栏上的音符按钮)。你会看到照片浏览器转换为 iTunes 音乐库和 Garage Band、Sound Effects 文件夹了。

7. Click the music and sound button (note button on the toolbar). You’ll see the photo browser converted to the iTunes music library and garage band, sound effects folder.

浏览音乐列表,找到最想要添加的音乐。找到以后,点击歌曲,拖动到项目浏览器中的视频结尾部分。不要拖动到视频片段之上。看到绿色竖直线,就放开鼠标,你会看到音乐片段添加到影片中了。

Browse the music list to find the music you want to add most. Once found, click on the song and drag it to the end of the video in the project browser. Don’t drag onto the video clip. See the green vertical line, release the mouse, you will see the music clips added to the film.

背景音乐会在这里显示为暗绿色,从第一个影片开始播放,一直到音乐结束结尾。注意这里添加的背景音乐可能比视频要先结束,或者比视频要长得多。如果音乐太短,你随时可以添加其他音乐片段。如果太长了,可以在最后让它渐渐变弱并消失。

The background concert is shown in dark green here, starting from the first movie and ending with the music. Note that the background music added here may end before the video, or it may be much longer than the video. If the music is too short, you can always add other music clips. If it’s too long, let it weaken and disappear at the end.

8、添加有能效。在音乐和音效浏览器中可以看到音效文件夹(Sound Effects)。点击打开,给影片某片段选择某个音效。比如有一群人在走路,你可以给视频加上走路声,即使已经有了背景音乐也一样可以!把音效拖动到你想要开始播放音效的第一帧。如果太短了,再加上一段。如果太长了,剪切一下,让它

8. Add energy efficiency. You can see the sound effects folder in the music and sound browser. Click open to select a sound effect for a segment of the movie. For example, if a group of people are walking, you can add the sound of walking to the video, even if there is background music! Drag the sound to the first frame you want to start playing the sound. If it’s too short, add another paragraph. If it’s too long, cut it and let it go


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