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【速搜问答】如何检查电脑电池状态

问答 admin 9个月前 (03-11) 189次浏览 已收录 0个评论

汉英对照:
Chinese-English Translation:

诊断电脑问题时,电池常常是一个被遗忘的项目。首先检查你的电池可以为你节省大量的时间。如果你的电脑经常死机,硬盘读写出现错误,或者是因无法启动而蓝屏,你可能要处理故障的电池了。本文的指南将为你提供快速检查电池状态的方法。

When diagnosing computer problems, batteries are often a forgotten item. Checking your battery first can save you a lot of time. If your computer often crashes, hard disk reading and writing errors occur, or the screen is blue because it can’t start, you may have to deal with the faulty battery. This guide will provide you with a quick way to check the battery status.

接通电源测试

Power on test

1、关闭电脑。电脑关机之后,或者电脑处于未启动状态时,翻转到背面,打开电池的固定开关,从电池插座上拔下电池。

1. Turn off the computer. After the computer is turned off, or when the computer is not started, turn it over to the back, turn on the fixed switch of the battery, and unplug the battery from the battery socket.

2、拆开电脑。断开机器内部所有部件的电池线。按照从电池到组件的顺序,确保所有的线缆都是正确地拔出。

2. Take the computer apart. Disconnect the battery wires from all parts of the machine. Make sure that all cables are pulled out correctly in order from battery to module.

请作好记录,以便你能够顺利地重装。

Please keep a record so that you can reload smoothly.

3、制作一个曲别针测试仪。你可以使用曲别针来模拟电池的连接状态,以帮助测试电池。找一个曲别针,然后把它弯曲成“U”形。

3. Make a paper clip tester. You can use a paper clip to simulate the battery connection status to help test the battery. Find a paper clip and bend it into a “U” shape.

这个曲别针将被插入到电池中作为引脚,以模拟“Power ON ”信号。

The clip will be inserted into the battery as a pin to simulate the “power on” signal.

4、找到连接电脑主板的 20/24 针连接器。它通常是电池的最大的连接器。

4. Locate the 20 / 24 pin connector to the computer motherboard. It is usually the largest connector of the battery.

5、找到绿色引脚和一个黑色的引脚(引脚 15 和 16 )。将曲别针末端插入到绿色引脚(应该只有一个)和邻近的黑色的引脚中。在进行操作之前,请仔细检查,以确保该电池完全断开电源连接,且没有连接到电脑上的任意组件。

5. Find the green pin and a black pin (pins 15 and 16). Insert the end of the paper clip into the green pin (there should be only one) and the adjacent black pin. Please check carefully before operation to ensure that the battery is completely disconnected from the power supply and not connected to any components on the computer.

绿色引脚通常在表的第 15 位。

The green pin is usually in the 15th bit of the table.

6、插入曲别针。一旦你把曲别针插到引脚中,把电缆放到不会受到干扰的地方。把电池插回插座,并打开翻盖背面的开关。

6. Insert the paper clip. Once you have inserted the paper clip into the pin, place the cable in a place that will not be disturbed. Plug the battery back into the socket and turn on the switch on the back of the flap.

7、检查风扇。接上电池之后,你应该能够听到和/或看到一个风扇转动。通过这点你可以知道,电池可以工作。如果电池没有带动风扇,请仔细检查引脚(拔下后) ,然后再试一次。如果仍然无法打开,那么电池很可能是故障了。

7. Check the fan. With the battery connected, you should be able to hear and / or see a fan turn. From this you can see that batteries work. If the battery does not drive the fan, please check the pin carefully (after removal) and try again. If it still can’t be turned on, the battery is likely to be out of order.

此测试无法告诉你电池是否工作正常,因为它只能使电池工作。你将需要执行下一个测试,以确保它是正常输出。

This test won’t tell you if the battery is working properly because it will only make the battery work. You will need to perform the next test to make sure it is normal output.

测试输出

Test output

1、通过软件来检查输出。如果你的电脑可以正常工作,且可以加载操作系统,请尝试使用软件来检查电池的输出功率。SpeedFan 是一个免费的程序,它可以读取电脑的信息并汇报电脑的温度和电压。查看读数,以确保它们在认可的公差范围内。

1. Check the output by software. If your computer works properly and can load the operating system, try using software to check the output power of the battery. SpeedFan is a free program that can read the information of the computer and report the temperature and voltage of the computer. Check the readings to make sure they are within the approved tolerances.

如果你的电脑不能正常工作,请跳到下一步。

If your computer doesn’t work properly, please skip to the next step.

2、关闭电脑。从插座上拔下电源。关掉电池背面的电池开关。打开电脑,断开所有的电池组件。按照从电池电缆连接到每个组件的顺序,确保全部连接都已经正常断开。

2. Turn off the computer. Unplug the power from the socket. Turn off the battery switch on the back of the battery. Turn on the computer and disconnect all battery components. Follow the sequence from the battery cable to each component to ensure that all connections are properly disconnected.

3、用电池测试单元测试电池。它们可以在网上和电脑卖场里买到,而且也不是很贵。找到电池的 20/24 针连接器。这是典型地用于电池的最大电缆。

3. Test the battery with the battery test unit. They’re available online and in computer stores, and they’re not very expensive. Locate the 20 / 24 pin connector for the battery. This is the largest cable typically used for batteries.

将电池测试设备连接到 20/24 针连接器。

Connect the battery test device to the 20 / 24 pin connector.

将电池插入插座,并打开它。此时,电池应该自动打开,电池供应器测试仪将亮起。部分电池测试要求你在测试仪上使用一个开关或按钮,以打开电池。其他部分会自动开启。

Insert the battery into the socket and turn it on. At this time, the battery should turn on automatically and the battery supply tester will light up. Some battery tests require you to use a switch or button on the tester to turn on the battery. The rest will turn on automatically.

检查电压。 20/ 24 针连接器会有多个读数,不过下面四个读数是必不可少的:

Check the voltage. The 20 / 24 pin connector will have multiple readings, but the following four readings are essential:

+3.3 VDC

+3.3 VDC

+5 VDC

+5 VDC

+12 VDC

+12 VDC

-12 VDC

-12 VDC

确保电压在正常接受的公差范围内。 +3.3 V,+5 , +12 可以在+ / – 5 % 范围内波动。 -12 可以在+ / – 10%的范围内。如果某一读数超出该范围,那么该电池是坏的,需要更换。

Ensure that the voltage is within the normally accepted tolerance. +3 V, + 5, + 12 can fluctuate in the range of + / – 5%. -12 can be in the range of + / – 10%. If a reading is out of the range, the battery is broken and needs to be replaced.

测试其他连接器。检查主连接器输出功率正常之后,逐一测试其他每个连接器的电缆。拔下并关闭测试的电池。

Test other connectors. After checking that the output power of the main connector is normal, test the cables of each other connector one by one. Remove and turn off the tested battery.

4、用万用表测试电池。将拉直的曲别针弯曲成“ U”形。在 20/24 针连接器中找到绿色引脚。将曲别针插入绿色引脚(引脚 15)和邻近的黑色引脚中。这样可以使连接器以为它是插在主板上。

4. Test the battery with a multimeter. Bend the straightened paper clip into a “U” shape. Find the green pin in the 20 / 24 pin connector. Insert the paper clip into the green pin (pin 15) and the adjacent black pin. This makes the connector think it’s plugged into the motherboard.

将电池插入,然后打开它。

Insert the battery and turn it on.

查找电池的引出线图表。这可以让你知道具体哪些引脚提供电压。

Find the battery lead out diagram. This allows you to know which pins provide the voltage.

设置万用表的 VBDC 设置。如果你的万用表没有自动量程,设定范围为 10V 。

Set the vbdc setting of the multimeter. If your multimeter has no automatic range, set the range to 10V.

将万用表负探头连接到连接器的地线(黑色)引脚。

Connect the negative probe of the multimeter to the ground (black) pin of the connector.

将正探头连接到需要测试的第一引脚。记下所显示的电压。

Connect the positive probe to the first pin to be tested. Note the voltage shown.

检查电压,以确保他们属于的容忍极限范围内。如果电压出现在任何容差范围之外,则该电池是有缺陷的。

Check the voltages to make sure they are within the tolerance limits of. If the voltage appears outside any tolerance, the battery is defective.

重复此过程,检查每个外设的连接器。请参阅每个连接器特定的引脚排列图,查看使用哪些引脚来测试它。

Repeat this procedure to check the connector for each peripheral. Refer to each connector specific pin diagram to see which pins are used to test it.

5、重新组装电脑。测试并验证完所有的电池连接器后,你可以把电脑重新组装起来。确保所有设备都正确地插回主板的正确位置了。完成电脑的重新组装之后,你可以尝试启动它。

5. Reassemble the computer. After testing and verifying all the battery connectors, you can reassemble the computer. Make sure that all devices are correctly plugged back into the correct location on the motherboard. After you have reassembled the computer, you can try to start it.

如果电脑仍然会出错,或者你的电脑无法启动,你需要检查一下有没有其他故障。首先要检查的地方是你的主板。

If the computer still fails, or your computer doesn’t start, you need to check for other faults. The first thing to check is your motherboard.


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