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【速搜问答】人的正常血压范围是多少

问答 admin 9个月前 (01-30) 178次浏览 已收录 0个评论

汉英对照:
Chinese-English Translation:

理想血压收缩压小于120毫米汞柱,舒张压小于80毫米汞柱,正常血压收缩压小于130毫米汞柱,舒张压小于85毫米汞柱,正常高值,收缩压130~139毫米汞柱,舒张压85~89毫米汞柱。 正常血压参考值是根据世界卫生组织和我们国家对于血压正常值的标准,理想血压收缩压小于 120 毫米汞柱,舒张压小于 80 毫米汞柱,正常血压收缩压小于 130 毫米汞柱,舒张压小于 85 毫米汞柱,正常高值,收缩压 130~139 毫米汞柱,舒张压 85~89 毫米汞柱,如果收缩压高于 140 毫米汞柱,舒张压高于 90 毫米汞柱,诊断为高血压,收缩压低于 90 毫米毫米汞柱,舒张压低于 60 毫米汞柱,诊断为低血压。

Ideal blood pressure systolic blood pressure less than 120 mmHg, diastolic blood pressure less than 80 mmHg, normal blood pressure systolic blood pressure less than 130 mmHg, diastolic blood pressure less than 85 mmHg, normal high, systolic blood pressure 130 ~ 139 mmHg, diastolic blood pressure 85 ~ 89 mmHg. The reference value of normal blood pressure is according to the standard of the World Health Organization and our country for normal blood pressure. The ideal systolic blood pressure is less than 120 mmHg, the diastolic blood pressure is less than 80 mmHg, the normal systolic blood pressure is less than 130 mmHg, the diastolic blood pressure is less than 85 mmHg, the normal high value, the systolic blood pressure is 130 ~ 139 mmHg, the diastolic blood pressure is 85 ~ 89 mmHg If systolic blood pressure is higher than 140 mmHg and diastolic blood pressure is higher than 90 mmHg, hypertension is diagnosed. If systolic blood pressure is lower than 90 mmHg and diastolic blood pressure is lower than 60 mmHg, hypotension is diagnosed.

血压正常范围是多少

What is the normal range of blood pressure

理想血压:收缩压<120mmHg 和舒张压<80mmHg。

Ideal blood pressure: systolic blood pressure & lt; 120mmhg and diastolic blood pressure & lt; 80mmHg.

正常血压:收缩压应<130mmHg,舒张压<85mmHg。

Normal blood pressure: systolic blood pressure should be & lt; 130mmhg, diastolic blood pressure should be & lt; 85mmHg.

血压正常高限或高血压前期:收缩压在 130~139mmHg 和/或舒张压在 85~89mmHg。

High normal blood pressure or prehypertension: systolic blood pressure in 130 ~ 139mmhg and / or diastolic blood pressure in 85 ~ 89mmhg.

高血压:收缩压≥140mmHg 和(或)舒张压≥90mmHg。

Hypertension: systolic blood pressure ≥ 140mmHg and / or diastolic blood pressure ≥ 90mmHg.

低血压:收缩压≤90mmHg 和(或)舒张压≤60mmHg。

Hypotension: systolic blood pressure ≤ 90mmHg and / or diastolic blood pressure ≤ 60mmhg.

临界高血压:收缩压在 140~160mmHg(18.6~21.3kPa),舒张压在 90~95mmHg(12.0~12.6kPa)。

Borderline hypertension: systolic blood pressure was 140-160mmhg (18.6-21.3kpa), diastolic blood pressure was 90-95mmhg (12.0-12.6kpa).

血压计的种类有哪些

What are the types of sphygmomanometers

1、水银血压计

1. Mercury sphygmomanometer

水银血压计有台式、立式两种,台式水银血压计结构合理、牢固可靠,立式血压计可任意调节高度,因其结果可靠而最为常用。但后者体积稍大,不便携带,均有水银泄漏风险。其测量血压原理为听诊法,主要由气球、袖带和检压计三部分组。其中袖带的橡皮囊二管分别与气球和检压计相连,三者形成一个密闭的管道系统检压计有水银柱式和弹簧式两种。

There are two types of mercury sphygmomanometer: desktop sphygmomanometer and vertical sphygmomanometer. The structure of desktop sphygmomanometer is reasonable, firm and reliable. The vertical sphygmomanometer can adjust the height at will, and is most commonly used because of its reliable results. But the latter is a little larger, inconvenient to carry, and has the risk of mercury leakage. The principle of blood pressure measurement is auscultation, which consists of balloon, cuff and manometer. The two rubber tubes of the cuff are respectively connected with the balloon and the pressure gauge to form a closed pipeline system. The pressure gauges are mercury column type and spring type.

2、电子血压计

2. Electronic sphygmomanometer

根据测量的部位又可细分为上臂式、手腕式、手指式、手动式、自动式等。其优点是操作简便,读数直观,只需打开开关就会自动进行量,适合于家庭使用。但电子血压计同样存在着误差大的缺点,也需经常以标准水银柱式血压计为准加以校准。其原理有听诊法(又称柯氏音法)或示波法(又称振荡法。主要由气体压力传感器、加压微型气泵、电子控制排气阀、相关软件、机械慢速排气阀和螺线管快速排气阀等组成。

According to the measured position, it can be subdivided into upper arm type, wrist type, finger type, manual type, automatic type, etc. The utility model has the advantages of simple operation, intuitive reading and automatic measurement by simply turning on the switch, which is suitable for family use. But the electronic sphygmomanometer also has the disadvantage of large error, and it needs to be calibrated according to the standard mercury sphygmomanometer. Its principle is auscultation (also known as Coriolis sound method) or oscillometry (also known as oscillation method). It is mainly composed of gas pressure sensor, pressurized micro air pump, electronically controlled exhaust valve, related software, mechanical slow exhaust valve and solenoid fast exhaust valve.

3、气压表式血压计

3. Barometer sphygmomanometer

临床上又称为无液血压计、弹簧式血压计。利用气压泵操作测压,体积小,携带方便,但随着应用次数的增多,会因弹簧性状改变而影响结果的准确性,所以需要定期与标准的水银柱式血压计进行校准,临床上已使用甚少。

Clinically, it is also called anemomanometer and spring type sphygmomanometer. The use of pneumatic pump for pressure measurement is small and easy to carry. However, with the increase of application times, the accuracy of the results will be affected due to the change of spring properties. Therefore, it is necessary to calibrate the standard mercury sphygmomanometer regularly, which has been rarely used in clinic.

血压计使用注意事项

Precautions for use of sphygmomanometer

1、血压计要定期检测和校对,以保持准确性。

1. The sphygmomanometer should be checked and proofread regularly to keep its accuracy.

2、对需密切观察血压者,应做到“四定”,即定时间、定部位、定体位、定血压计。

2. For those who need to observe blood pressure closely, we should do “four fixed”, that is, fixed time, fixed position, fixed sphygmomanometer.

3、测量前 30 min 内无剧烈运动、吸烟、情绪变化等影响血压的因素,情绪稳定,袖口不宜过紧。

3. There were no severe exercise, smoking, emotional changes and other factors affecting blood pressure within 30 minutes before measurement. The mood was stable and the cuff should not be too tight.

4、按要求选择合适的袖带。

4. Choose the right cuff as required.

5、充气不可过快、过猛,防止汞外溢;放气不可过快或过慢,以免导致读值误差。

5. Inflation should not be too fast or too fast to prevent mercury overflow; deflation should not be too fast or too slow to avoid reading error.

6、发现血压听不清或异常,应重测。重测时,待水银柱降至“0”点后再测量。

6. If the blood pressure is found to be inaudible or abnormal, it should be retested. During the re measurement, the mercury column should be reduced to “0” before measurement.

7、偏瘫患者在健侧手臂测量。

7. Hemiplegic patients were measured on the contralateral arm.


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