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【速搜问答】麦克风指向性有哪些

问答 admin 7个月前 (12-03) 119次浏览 已收录 0个评论

汉英对照:
Chinese-English Translation:

麦克风指向性是话筒对来自空间各个方向声音灵敏度模式的一个描述,是选购麦克风的重要指标。一般麦克风有全指向、双指向、心型、超心型、枪型这几种,对获得不同方向的声音灵敏度有很大区别。

Microphone directivity is a description of microphone’s sensitivity mode to sound from all directions in space, and it is an important indicator for choosing microphone. Generally speaking, microphones are omnidirectional, bi directional, heart-shaped, supercardioid and gun type, which have great differences in the sound sensitivity in different directions.

麦克风指向性是话筒对来自空间各个方向声音灵敏度模式的一个描述,是选购麦克风的重要指标。一般麦克风有全指向、双指向、心型、超心型、枪型这几种,对获得不同方向的声音灵敏度有很大区别。

Microphone directivity is a description of microphone’s sensitivity mode to sound from all directions in space, and it is an important indicator for choosing microphone. Generally speaking, microphones are omnidirectional, bi directional, heart-shaped, supercardioid and gun type, which have great differences in the sound sensitivity in different directions.

全指向:这类话筒录音的时候拾取全方向的声音,对来自四面八方的声音同样敏感,最适于拾取房间的环境效果,但不能有效地降低或消除两块噪音,多使用于会议、演讲等多人简单的声音收集。

Omnidirectional: this kind of microphone can pick up the omni-directional sound when recording, and it is also sensitive to the sound from all directions. It is most suitable for picking up the environmental effect of the room, but it can not effectively reduce or eliminate two pieces of noise. It is often used in simple voice collection such as meetings and speeches.

双指向型:主要对来自两个方向的声音敏感,它拾取两测的声音,而不是前方或者后方的声音。典型的用途是放在两个乐器之间,或者是两人面对面站立对着话筒,以供两种声音录在一起,又保留了两者的独立性。

Bi directional: it is mainly sensitive to sound from two directions. It picks up the sound from two measurements, not from the front or back. Typical uses are placed between two instruments, or when two people stand face to face in front of the microphone, so that the two sounds can be recorded together, while retaining their independence.

心型指向:这种话筒直接传感前方的声音,两侧扩展范围较小,对话筒前方宽范围的声音敏感,但对来自话筒后面的声音不敏感,主要适用于播客、个人唱歌、乐器拾音等语音工作。

Heart pointing: this kind of microphone can directly sense the sound in front of the microphone, with a small expansion range on both sides, and is sensitive to the sound in a wide range in front of the microphone, but not sensitive to the sound from the back of the microphone. It is mainly suitable for voice work such as podcasting, personal singing, instrument pickup, etc.

枪型指向:一类极限追求单一方向指向的麦克风。其最佳收音角度为正前方的小范围锥形区域,能比较有效的减少周边环境噪音的收录,主要用于户外收音,如户外新闻采访和影视外景拍摄的收音。

Gun type pointing: a kind of microphone which pursues single direction limit. The best radio angle is a small conical area in front of it, which can effectively reduce the surrounding environment noise. It is mainly used for outdoor radio, such as outdoor news gathering and film and television location shooting.


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