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【速搜问答】2020年最好的Photoshop替代品

问答 admin 1周前 (10-17) 16次浏览 未收录 0个评论

汉英对照:
Chinese-English Translation:

Adobe Photoshop 是当今最常用的照片编辑软件。Photoshop 不仅比大多数其他编辑软件贵,而且由于难以掌握,因此不是所有人的最佳选择。

Adobe Photoshop is the most commonly used photo editing software today. Photoshop is not only more expensive than most other editing software, but because it’s hard to master, it’s not the best choice for everyone.

为了帮助摄影师完成编辑任务,软件开发人员设计了 Photoshop 的替代产品。这些选项成本更低,并且具有直观的编辑工具。如果您准备好使用经济实惠且易于使用的 Photoshop 替代产品,请查看我们的列表。 我们的首选 Affinity Photo 是第一个拥有功能齐全的 iPad 应用程序与桌面版本一起使用的人,而 Adobe 仍在努力使之适合 Photoshop。

In order to help photographers complete editing tasks, software developers have designed alternative products for Photoshop. These options are cheaper and have intuitive editing tools. If you’re ready to use affordable and easy-to-use Photoshop alternatives, check out our list. Our preferred affinity photo is the first to have a full-featured iPad app to use with a desktop version, and adobe is still trying to make it suitable for Photoshop.

乍看上去:

At first glance:

最好的 Photoshop 替代品:Affinity Photo

The best Photoshop substitute: affinity photo

最好的免费 Photoshop 替代品:GNU 图像处理程序

The best free Photoshop alternative: GNU Image processing program

最佳的 Photoshop 和 Lightroom 替代品:Corel PaintShop Pro

The best alternative to Photoshop and Lightroom: Corel Paintshop Pro

易于使用的最佳 Photoshop 替代品:Pixelmator Pro

The best Photoshop substitute for easy to use: Pixelmator Pro

最好的 Photoshop 替代品:Affinity Photo

The best alternative: Photoshop

尽管 Adobe 可能会慢慢将 Photoshop iPad 应用程序与桌面应用程序同步更新,但 Affinity Photo 已经拥有完整的 iPad 版本。虽然针对 iPad 重新设计了 UI,但 Affinity Photo 在移动应用程序上具有与 Windows 和 Mac 上相同的工具。但是,即使对于没有 iPad 的摄影师来说,Affinity Photo 也是所有 Photoshop 替代产品中功能最长的列表之一。

Although Adobe may slowly update the Photoshop iPad app with the desktop app, affinity photo already has a full iPad version. Although the UI has been redesigned for the iPad, affinity photo has the same tools for mobile applications as on windows and MAC. But even for photographers without an iPad, affinity photo is one of the longest feature lists of all Photoshop alternatives.

Affinity Photo 和 Photoshop 有很多共同点,包括非破坏性图层编辑以及 RGB 和 CMYK 颜色空间。但是,程序之间有明显的区别-因为尽管 Photoshop 每月花费 10 美元,但 Affinity Photo 的一次性费用为 50 美元。这意味着 Affinity 用户只需支付一次即可完成,而 Photoshop 用户如果取消订阅将失去对程序的访问权限-但他们还会自动保持最新版本,而无需支付任何额外的升级费用。虽然 Affinity Photo 的增量更新是免费的,但从 1.0 版本升级到 2.0 版本不会。

Affinity photo and Photoshop have a lot in common, including non-destructive layer editing and RGB and CMYK color spaces. But there’s a clear difference between Apps – because although Photoshop costs $10 a month, affinity photo has a one-time cost of $50. This means affinity users pay only once, while Photoshop users will lose access to the program if they unsubscribe – but they will automatically keep the latest version without paying any additional upgrade costs. Although incremental updates to affinity photo are free, upgrading from version 1.0 to version 2.0 will not.

作为较新的程序,Affinity Photo 推出了更干净,更现代的设计-许多用户说,该程序更像是使用移动应用程序。Affinity Photo 的开发人员知道该程序正在与行业标准直接竞争,因此该公司一直致力于包括 Photoshop 闻名的所有主要功能。这两个程序并不相同,但是 Affinity Photo 仍然包括许多更高级的工具,例如用于 HDR 合成的照片合并,全景图和焦点堆叠。图层和蒙版也是 Affinity 的重要组成部分。

As a newer app, affinity photo offers a cleaner, more modern design – which many users say is more like using a mobile app. Affinity photo’s developers know that the program is directly competing with industry standards, so the company has been working to include all the major features that Photoshop is known for. The two programs are not the same, but affinity photo still includes many more advanced tools, such as photo merging for HDR compositing, panorama and focus stacking. Layers and masks are also an important part of affinity.

但是,Photoshop 仍然对 Affinity 有一些好处。对于初学者来说,更容易调整图层的大小,并可以编辑 EXIF 数据。Photoshop 还为经验丰富的编辑人员提供了更熟悉的界面,大量的教程和大量的插件。Photoshop 最大的好处可能是与 RAW 编辑器和组织器 Adobe Lightroom 的轻松集成,当您注册摄影计划时,订阅价格中已包含该价格。Affinity 的母公司 Serif 也提供 Affinity Designer 和 Publisher,但没有与 Lightroom 竞争的 RAW 管理程序。

However, Photoshop still has some benefits for affinity. For beginners, it is easier to adjust the size of the layer and edit EXIF data. Photoshop also provides experienced editors with a more familiar interface, a large number of tutorials and a large number of plug-ins. Perhaps the biggest benefit of Photoshop is its easy integration with the raw editor and organizer Adobe Lightroom, which is included in the subscription price when you register for a photography plan. Affinity’s parent company serif also provides affinity designer and publisher, but there is no raw manager competing with Lightroom.

最好的免费 Photoshop 替代品:GNU 图像处理程序

GNU: the best alternative to Photoshop

尽管有许多免费的 Photoshop 替代品,但是开源程序 GNU 图像处理程序(通常简称为 GIMP)最接近 Photoshop 的高级工具。作为一个开源程序,GIMP 可免费下载用于 Mac,Windows 和 Linux。

Although there are many free Photoshop alternatives, the open source GNU Image processor (often referred to as gimp) is closest to Photoshop’s advanced tools. As an open source program, gimp is available for free download for Mac, windows and Linux.

GIMP 具有与 Photoshop 相同的几种工具。可以进行图层编辑,这使 GIMP 不仅可以进行基本的裁剪和颜色编辑。许多高级编辑,例如局部调整,缺陷校正和对象移除,都可以在开源程序中轻松解决。虽然其他免费程序可以裁剪,重新着色和应用滤镜,但是 GIMP 提供了足够的高级工具,可以算是真正的 Photoshop 竞争对手。

Gimp has several of the same tools as Photoshop. Layer editing is possible, which enables gimp not only to do basic clipping and color editing. Many advanced editing, such as local adjustment, defect correction and object removal, can be easily solved in open source programs. While other free programs can crop, re color and apply filters, gimp provides enough advanced tools to be a true Photoshop competitor.

当然,免费程序永远不会与付费行业标准相提并论。GIMP 包含许多相同的最常用的工具,但缺少一些功能。例如,修复画笔有一个选项,而 Photoshop 的画笔有四个选项。GIMP 也没有非破坏性的调整层编辑,可以在以后恢复或更改更改而不会影响其余的编辑。GIMP 也倾向于落后于 Photoshop 的最新新工具,其中一些新选项要到几年后才出现在免费程序中。GIMP 不像 Photoshop 那样属于图形设计程序,例如,不包括 CMYK 支持。

Of course, free programs will never be compared to paid industry standards. Gimp contains many of the same most commonly used tools, but lacks some functionality. For example, repair brushes have one option, while Photoshop Brushes have four options. Gimp also has no non-destructive adjustment layer editing, and you can restore or change changes later without affecting the rest of the editing. Gimp also tends to lag behind Photoshop’s latest tools, some of which will not be available for free until a few years later. Gimp is not a graphic design program like Photoshop, for example, does not include CMYK support.

GIMP 用户界面的好坏取决于您的外观。作为一种开源格式,UI 不像 Photoshop 那样专业和时尚。但是,由于没有太多的工具,因此该程序可能会让人感到有些畏缩,并且还允许使用更多的自定义选项。

The quality of the GIMP user interface depends on your appearance. As an open source format, UI is not as professional and fashionable as Photoshop. However, since there are not many tools, the program can be a bit daunting and allows for more custom options.

GIMP 不能完全替代 Photoshop 的所有功能,但是它是最接近 Adobe 强大功能的开源程序,带有免费价格标签。在我们的 Photoshop 与 GIMP 比较中了解有关它如何比较的更多信息。

Gimp can’t completely replace all the functions of Photoshop, but it’s the closest open source program to Adobe’s powerful features, with a free price tag. Learn more about how it compares in our Photoshop versus GIMP.

GNU Image Manipulation Program 的一个新分支叫做 Glimpse,它希望通过完善的用户界面(以及不太具冒犯性的名称)来制作一个更友好的应用程序版本。

A new branch of the GNU Image manipulation program, called glimpse, hopes to make a more user-friendly version of the application through a sophisticated user interface (and a less offensive name).

最佳的 Photoshop 和 Lightroom 替代品:Corel PaintShop Pro

The best alternative to Photoshop and Lightroom: Corel Paintshop Pro

Corel PaintShop Pro 是 Photoshop 的替代产品,也与称为 AfterShot Pro 的 Lightroom 替代产品相关联。像其他竞争对手一样,Corel 的目标是为那些因必须提供一次性价格而必须每月支付费用的用户感到沮丧。与 AfterShot Pro 捆绑使用时,Corel PaintShop Pro 的价格为 100 美元,当前用户的升级价格为 80 美元。但是,与 Photoshop 不同,PaintShop Pro 是仅 Windows 的程序。

Corel Paintshop Pro is an alternative to Photoshop and is also associated with a Lightroom alternative called aftershot pro. Like other competitors, Corel’s goal is to frustrate users who have to pay monthly because they have to offer a one-time price. When bundled with aftershot pro, Corel Paintshop Pro costs $100 and the current user’s upgrade price is $80. However, unlike Photoshop, Paintshop Pro is a windows only program.

Corel PaintShop Pro 是该公司更高级的照片编辑器,但它试图通过使用 Essentials 面板来弥补易于使用和具有高级功能之间的差距。此模式是为初学者设计的,尽管如果您需要更高级的工具,只需切换模式即可访问它们。该选项可以使 PaintShop Pro 更容易为初学者所用,同时提供增长的空间。

Corel Paintshop Pro is the company’s more advanced photo editor, but it tries to bridge the gap between ease of use and advanced functionality by using the essentials panel. This mode is designed for beginners, although if you need more advanced tools, just switch modes to access them. This option makes Paintshop Pro easier for beginners and provides room for growth.

PaintShop Pro 2020 添加了一个摄影工作区,其中包含专门用于照片编辑工作流程的工具。此更新还带来了“细化笔刷”选项,以便在处理复合材料时创建更好的选择。新的内容感知克隆工具也是最新版本的一部分。

Paintshop Pro 2020 adds a photography workspace that contains tools dedicated to the photo editing workflow. This update also brings the refine brush option to create better choices when working with composites. The new content aware cloning tool is also part of the latest version.

尽管 PaintShop Pro 包含许多与 Photoshop 相同的工具,包括基于图层的编辑,但是 Photoshop 仍然是进行内容感知调整的最佳工具。Photoshop 具有诸如 Face-Aware Liquify 之类的工具,与 Corel 的 Magic 填充相比,它提供了更强大的 Content-Aware 填充,后者可根据周围的内容来填充图像区域。Adobe Camera RAW 还具有比 PaintShop 随附的 RAW 转换器更多的工具,尽管如果选择包含 AfterShot 的捆绑软件,这并不是一个大问题。但是,PaintShop 确实提供了一些不属于 Photoshop 的选项,其中包括与 PhotoMirage 捆绑在一起以对静态照片进行动画处理和自动绘画,以将照片立即转换为绘画风格或其他艺术品。

Although Paintshop Pro contains many of the same tools as Photoshop, including layer based editing, Photoshop is still the best tool for content aware adjustments. Photoshop has tools such as face aware liquefiy, which provides more powerful content aware filling than Corel’s magic fill, which fills image areas based on the surrounding content. Adobe camera raw also has more tools than the raw converter that comes with Paintshop, although this is not a big problem if you choose a bundle that includes aftershot. However, Paintshop does offer some options that are not part of Photoshop, including binding with photomirage to animate still photos and automatically draw them to immediately convert them into painting styles or other artwork.

易于使用的最佳 Photoshop 替代品:Pixelmator Pro

The best Photoshop substitute for easy to use: Pixelmator Pro

Pixelmator Pro 是 Mac App Store 中最受好评的桌面图像编辑器之一,是仅限 MacOS 的编辑器,被称为“任何人都可以使用的专业图像编辑工具”。精简的程序不能完全具备 Photoshop 的功能,但可以轻松超越其他对初学者友好的编辑应用程序。由于它是专为 Mac 设计的,因此 Mac 用户将在简单的用户界面中立即感到宾至如归,同时还可享受与 iCloud 无缝集成等功能。与 Photoshop 不同,Pixelmator Pro 一次性下载仅需 40 美元。

Pixelmator Pro is one of the most popular desktop image editors in the MAC app store. It is a MacOS only editor, known as “a professional image editing tool that anyone can use”. Simplified programs can’t fully have the functions of Photoshop, but can easily surpass other beginner friendly editing applications. Because it’s designed for Mac, Mac users will immediately feel at home in a simple user interface and enjoy seamless integration with icloud. Unlike Photoshop, Pixelmator Pro costs only $40 to download at a time.

尽管价格较低,Pixelmator Pro 仍包含大量不同的照片编辑工具。当然,它涵盖了诸如裁切,曝光调整和色彩校正之类的基础知识,但还包括一些更高级的功能。包括图层(非破坏性图层)以及画笔工具和修饰工具,以及与常见文件类型(如 PSD,PNG,HEIF 和 TIFF)的兼容性。

Despite its low price, Pixelmator Pro contains a number of different photo editing tools. Of course, it covers the basics of cutting, exposure adjustment and color correction, but it also includes some more advanced features. This includes layers (non-destructive layers) as well as brush and retouching tools, as well as compatibility with common file types such as PSD, PNG, heif and tiff.

Pixelmator Pro 是比 Photoshop 更年轻的应用程序,但它会定期添加新功能并扩展其他功能。最新的一些改进集中在机器学习上,其中包括用于放大照片的工具和用于消除噪点的工具。

Pixelmator Pro is a younger app than Photoshop, but it regularly adds new features and extends other features. Some of the latest improvements focus on machine learning, including tools for enlarging photos and tools for eliminating noise.

尽管 Pixelmator Pro 并非仅限初学者使用的简化照片编辑器,但在完成更复杂的编辑时,Adobe Photoshop 仍然在某些方面胜出。Pixelmator Pro 不支持创建 GIF,虽然您可以手动合并 HDR 图像,但没有像 Photoshop 中那样具有自动对齐功能。还缺少一些省时的功能(例如动作),这些功能可以在 Photoshop 中记录工作流程并将其应用于将来的图像。

Although Pixelmator Pro is not a simplified photo editor for beginners only, Adobe Photoshop still wins in some ways when it comes to more complex editing. Pixelmator Pro does not support GIF creation, and although you can merge HDR images manually, it does not have automatic alignment as in Photoshop. There is also a lack of time-saving features, such as actions, that can record workflow in Photoshop and apply it to future images.

与许多其他竞争机型一样,Pixelmator Pro 也缺少 Lightroom 替代品,这给 Photoshop 带来了额外的好处。与原始的 Pixelmator 不同,Pixelmator Pro 确实支持处理 RAW 文件,因此 Pro 版本的价格要高出 10 美元,并且是 Photoshop 的更好替代品。

Like many other competing models, Pixelmator Pro lacks a Lightroom alternative, which brings additional benefits to Photoshop. Unlike the original Pixelmator, Pixelmator Pro does support raw files, so the pro version costs $10 more and is a better alternative to Photoshop.

你真的需要 Photoshop 吗?

Do you really need Photoshop?

Photoshop 是第一个也是最长的照片和图形程序,不再是唯一的主要照片编辑器。Photoshop 保持其标题为行业标准,并且通常包括最先进的功能。如果您希望使用最多的带有图形设计选项的照片编辑工具,那么 Photoshop 仍然是最好的选择。虽然许多人都拒绝订阅,但 Photoshop 与 Lightroom 捆绑在一起的价格仅为每月 10 美元,我们认为这是非常合理的价格。

Photoshop is the first and longest photo and graphics program and is no longer the only major photo editor. Photoshop maintains its title as an industry standard and usually includes state-of-the-art features. If you want to use the most photo editing tools with graphic design options, Photoshop is still the best choice. Although many people refuse to subscribe, the price of Photoshop bundled with Lightroom is only $10 a month, which we think is a very reasonable price.

这并不意味着 Photoshop 是适合所有人的最佳照片编辑器。如果除了裁剪,校正颜色和调整一些瑕疵外,您不需要做其他事情,则可以选择 Photoshop 替代品来节省大量现金。其他程序通常更容易学习,因为当您放弃更高级的工具时,该程序就不会那么令人畏惧。Affinity Photo 是付费最高的 Photoshop 替代产品,我们特别喜欢它具有 iPad 版本。对于那些也需要 RAW 处理器和管理器的 Windows 用户而言,PaintShop 是最好的选择。对于需要平易近人但功能强大的应用程序的 MacOS 用户而言,Pixelmator 是一个绝佳选择,而 GIMP 除 MacOS 和 Windows 之外还适用于 Linux,而且价格无与伦比。

That doesn’t mean Photoshop is the best photo editor for everyone. If you don’t need to do anything other than crop, correct colors, and adjust some flaws, you can choose Photoshop alternatives to save a lot of cash. Other programs are usually easier to learn because they are less daunting when you give up a more advanced tool. Affinity photo is the highest paid alternative to Photoshop, and we particularly like the iPad version. For Windows users who also need a raw processor and manager, Paintshop is the best choice. Pixelmator is a great choice for MacOS users who need approachable but powerful applications, while gimp is also suitable for Linux in addition to MacOS and windows, and its price is incomparable.


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