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【速搜问答】五大免费开源NAS操作系统

问答 admin 1周前 (10-17) 18次浏览 未收录 0个评论

汉英对照:
Chinese-English Translation:

NAS服务器提供一个中央场所让你可以存储、访问和共享本地网络–有可能还可以是互联网上的–上的文件和文档。它们在多操作系统环境下显得尤其有用,因为它们支持所有的共享协议。

NAS servers provide a central place for you to store, access, and share files and documents on your local network, and possibly on the Internet. They are particularly useful in multiple operating system environments because they support all sharing protocols.

如果 Windows、Unix/Linux 和 Mac 提供的简单的文件和打印机共享功能对你来说还不够的话,那么你可以考虑使用网络附加存储(NAS)服务器。

If the simple file and printer sharing features provided by windows, Unix / Linux, and MAC are not enough for you, consider using a network attached storage (NAS) server.

NAS 服务器提供一个中央场所让你可以存储、访问和共享本地网络–有可能还可以是互联网上的–上的文件和文档。它们在多操作系统环境下显得尤其有用,因为它们支持所有的共享协议。

NAS servers provide a central place for you to store, access, and share files and documents on your local network – and possibly on the Internet. They are particularly useful in multiple operating system environments because they support all sharing protocols.

你可以购买现成的 NAS 服务器或机箱,这些设备已经设置好可以插入网络。不过,为了节约金钱和得到更多的定制性,你可能希望自己设置你的服务器。你可以将服务器软件安装到旧的个人电脑上,这台个人电脑配置大容量的硬盘驱动器和以太网适配器就可以了。安装好后,你就可以将显示器、键盘和鼠标拔掉。

You can buy off the shelf NAS servers or chassis that are set up to plug into the network. However, to save money and get more customization, you may want to set up your server yourself. You can install the server software on an old PC that has a large hard drive and Ethernet adapter. Once installed, you can unplug the monitor, keyboard and mouse.

这里我们可以看看开源团体提供的五种不同的 NAS 服务器:

Here we can take a look at five different NAS servers offered by the open source community:

FreeNAS

FreeNAS

FreeNAS 可能是最流行的开源 NAS 项目。它是一个 FreeBSD 7.2 版本加上网络接口、PHP 脚本和基于 m0n0wall 的手册。FreeNAS 根据 BSD 许可证进行发布。它可以安装到紧凑型闪存、USB 闪存或硬盘驱动器上,或直接从一个 LiveCD 上启动。

Freenas is probably the most popular open source NAS project. It is a FreeBSD 7.2 version with network interface, PHP script and m0n0wall based manual. Freenas is released under a BSD license. It can be installed on a compact flash, USB flash or hard drive, or booted directly from a livecd.

FreeNAS 支持下列协议:SMB/CIFS(Windows)、AFP(苹果/Mac)、NFS(Unix/Linux)、FTP、TFTP、Unison、iSCSI 和 UPnP。它还支持软件 RAID(独立磁盘冗余阵列)(0、1 和 5)、ZFS(ZB 级文件系统)和磁盘加密。

Freenas supports the following protocols: SMB / CIFS (Windows), AFP (apple / MAC), NFS (UNIX / Linux), FTP, TFTP, unison, iSCSI, and UPnP. It also supports software RAID (redundant array of Independent Disks) (0, 1, and 5), ZFS (ZB level file system), and disk encryption.

FreeNAS 的网络功能支持 VLAN(虚拟局域网)标签、链接聚合和局域网开机(WoL)。它的监视功能包括 S.M.A.R.T(智能监控工具)、电子邮件警告、SNMP(简单网络管理协议)、Syslog(系统日志)和 UPS(NUT)。

The network function of freenas supports VLAN (virtual local area network) tagging, link aggregation and local area network power on (WOL). Its monitoring functions include S.M.A.R.T (intelligent monitoring tool), e-mail warning, SNMP (Simple Network Management Protocol), syslog (system log) and UPS (nut).

你还可以从 FreeNAS 上发现一些额外服务:BT 客户端(Transmission)、UPnP 服务器(FUPPES)、iTunes/DAAP 服务器(Firefly)、互联网服务器(lighttpd)和网络带宽衡量工具(lperf)。

You can also find some additional services on freenas: BT client (transmission), UPnP server (fuppes), itunesgdaap server (Firefly), Internet server (lighttpd), and network bandwidth measurement tool (lperf).

CryptoNAS

CryptoNAS

CryptoNAS(过去的 CryptoBox)这个 NAS 项目专注于磁盘加密。它提供基于 Linux 的 LiveCD。这个 LiveCD 包含了加密功能和 NAS 服务器。此外,它们还提供一个可以安装到现有 Linux 服务器上的软件包,为磁盘加密增加用户友好型的基于互联网的前端。它们根据 GPL(通用公共许可证)进行授权许可。

Cryptonas (past cryptobox) this NAS project focuses on disk encryption. It provides Linux based livecd. The livecd includes encryption and NAS servers. In addition, they provide a package that can be installed on existing Linux servers, adding a user-friendly Internet based front end to disk encryption. They are licensed under the GPL (general public license).

一旦你通过 CryptoNAS 的互联网前端来启动加密卷,这个加密卷就可以在本地网络上通过 SMB(服务器信息块)/CIFS(通用互联网文件系统)共享协议来访问。加密的磁盘分区是 LUKS(Linux 统一密钥设定)卷。你可以在另一台计算机上打开它们,使用 Windows 上的 FreeOTFF 来解密并访问文件,或直接通过现代的 Linux 系统来访问。

Once you start the encrypted volume through the Internet front end of cryptonas, the encrypted volume can be accessed on the local network via the SMB (server information block) / CIFS (common Internet File System) sharing protocol. The encrypted partition is a luks volume. You can open them on another computer, use freeotff on windows to decrypt and access files, or access them directly through modern Linux systems.

这个 LiveCD 要求最低 200MHz 的 CPU、64MB 的 RAM(随机存取记忆体)、CD-ROM、网络连接和一个存储磁盘。这个存储磁盘可以是 Linux 内核(2.6.20)支持的任意类型的驱动器,比如 IDE、SCSI(小型计算机系统接口)、USB、FireWire、SATA 和 RAID。

This livecd requires a minimum of 200MHz CPU, 64MB RAM (random access memory), CD-ROM, network connection and a storage disk. The storage disk can be any type of drive supported by the Linux kernel (2.6.20), such as IDE, SCSI (small computer system interface), USB, FireWire, SATA, and raid.

服务器包可以安装在现有的 Linux 系统上。系统要求是最低 2.6 版本的内核,支持 LUKS 的 cryptsetup,支持设备映射器加密目标的内核,以及 Python 2.4。它在任何 Linux 版本都可以上运行得相当快,不过目前它只针对 Ubuntu 和其他 Debian 版本提供服务器包。

Server packages can be installed on existing Linux systems. The system requires a minimum kernel version 2.6, cryptsetup for luks, kernel for device mapper encryption target, and python 2.4. It runs fairly fast on any Linux version, but currently it only provides server packages for Ubuntu and other Debian versions.

Openfiler

Openfiler

Openfiler 是另一种多功能 NAS 服务器,就像 FreeNAS。它是一种采用 rPath 的 Linux 版本。Openfiler 根据 GPLv2 许可证进行发布。它可以安装到个人电脑或服务器上,此外它还可以作为虚拟机实例来运行。Openfiler 对系统的要求更高:1GHz 的 CPU,2GB RAM,10GB 磁盘空间和以太网适配器。

Openfiler is another versatile NAS server, like freenas. It is a Linux version with rpath. Openfiler is released under a gplv2 license. It can be installed on a personal computer or server, and it can also run as a virtual machine instance. Openfiler has higher requirements for the system: 1GHz CPU, 2GB ram, 10GB disk space and Ethernet adapter.

Openfiler 支持下列网络协议:SMB/CIFS、NFS(网络文件系统)、HTTP/WebDAV(Web 分布式著作和出版)和 FTP。Openfiler 支持的网络目录包括 NIS(网络信息服务)、LDAP(轻量目录访问协议)、主动目录和 Hesiod。 Openfiler 同时也支持 Kerberos 5 授权协议。

Openfiler supports the following network protocols: SMB / CIFS, NFS, http / WebDAV, and FTP. Openfiler supports network directories including NIS (Network Information Service), LDAP (Lightweight Directory Access Protocol), active directory and Hesiod. Openfiler also supports Kerberos 5 authorization protocol.

Openfiler 同时还提供扩展的共享管理功能,比如多组访问控制、SMB/CIFS 影子复件和公共/访客共享。

Openfiler also provides extended share management capabilities, such as multi group access control, SMB / CIFS shadow copies, and public / visitor sharing.

NASLite-M2

NASLite-M2

NASLite-M2 是 Server Elements 开发的,是少数几个商业 Linux NAS 发布之一。它的 ISO CD 镜像文件的下载费用为 34.95 美元。不幸的是,它不能免费发布。

Naslite-m2, developed by server elements, is one of the few commercial Linux NAS releases. Its ISO CD image costs $34.95 to download. Unfortunately, it can’t be released for free.

NASLite-M2 支持下列网络协议:SMB/CIFS、NFS、AFP(AppleTalk 文件协议)、FTP、HTTP 和 RSYNC(远程同步)。它也支持 DAAP(数字音频访问协议)和 UPNP(通用即插即用)协议。这样你可以访问和传输音频和视频内容,比如 iTunes、游戏控制面板和 Windows Media Player。

Naslite-m2 supports the following network protocols: SMB / CIFS, NFS, AFP (AppleTalk File Protocol), FTP, HTTP, and Rsync (remote synchronization). It also supports DAAP (Digital Audio Access Protocol) and UPnP (universal plug and play) protocols. This allows you to access and transfer audio and video content, such as iTunes, game control panel, and windows media player.

NASLite 服务器套件经过了优化,可以在最低硬件配置要求下带来最高的效率。就像 LiveCD 那样,它可以直接安装到 RAM 或从 RAM 启动,不过 NanoNAS 要使用软盘。目前 NASLite 只要求系统至少配置 64MB 的 RAM。

The naslite server suite is optimized for maximum efficiency with minimal hardware configuration requirements. Like livecd, it can be installed directly into or booted from ram, but nanonas uses floppy disks. Currently, naslite only requires the system to be configured with at least 64MB of ram.

和 CryptoNAS 一样,NASLite 不是全面型的 NAS 服务器。它不提供用户管理、磁盘配额等功能。不过,对于家庭和小型企业网络来说,NASLite 可能已经够用了。

Like cryptonas, naslite is not a comprehensive NAS server. It does not provide user management, disk quota and other functions. However, naslite may be enough for home and small business networks.

NanoNAS

NanoNAS

NanoNAS 也是来自 Server Elements,而且是 NASLite 服务器的最精简版本。它也是基于 Linux 的,不过是商业软件,因此不能免费发布。你可以花 9.95 美元下载该软件。

Nanonas is also from server elements and is the thinnest version of the naslite server. It’s also based on Linux, but it’s commercial software, so it can’t be released for free. You can download it for $9.95.

NanoNAS CD-ROM 可以以两种模式来运行。这两种模式都可以从软盘启动或将设置保存到软盘。NanoNAS SMB 模式支持 SMB/CIFS 和 HTTP 协议,主要针对的是 Windows 客户端。NanoNAS AFP 模式支持 AFP 和 HTTP 协议,主要针对的是 Mac OS X 客户端。

The nanonas CD-ROM can run in two modes. Both modes can boot from a floppy disk or save settings to a floppy disk. Nanonas SMB mode supports SMB / CIFS and HTTP protocols, mainly for windows clients. Nanonas AFP mode supports AFP and HTTP protocols, mainly for Mac OS X clients.

NanoNAS 只能通过软盘启动到 RAM,只需要 32MB 的 RAM。

Nanonas can only boot to ram via floppy disk, and only needs 32MB of ram.


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