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【速搜问答】ePub是什么

问答 admin 2个月前 (08-27) 60次浏览 已收录 0个评论

汉英对照:
Chinese-English Translation:

ePub 是一种基于 XML、对开发者友好的电子图书标准格式,正逐渐成为数字图书的事实标准。由国际数字出版论坛提出;其中包括 3 种文件格式标准,这个格式已取代了先前的 Open eBook 开放电子书标准。

EPub is an XML based, developer friendly e-book standard format, which is gradually becoming the de facto standard of digital books. It is proposed by the International Digital Publishing Forum, including three file format standards, which have replaced the previous open ebook standard.

EPUB(Electronic Publication 的缩写,电子出版)是一种电子图书标准,由国际数字出版论坛(IDPF)提出;其中包括 3 种文件格式标准(文件的扩展名为.epub),这个格式已取代了先前的 Open eBook 开放电子书标准。

EPub (abbreviation for electronic publication) is an e-book standard proposed by the International Digital Publishing Forum (IDPF); it includes three file format standards (the extension of the file is. EPub), which has replaced the previous open ebook open e-book standard.

EPUB 是一种基于 XML 的、对开发者友好的格式,正逐渐成为数字图书的事实标准。但 EPUB 不仅可用于图书。

EPub is an XML based, developer friendly format that is becoming the de facto standard for digital books. But ePub is not just for books.

EPub 是一个自由的开放标准,属于一种可以“自动重新排版”的内容;也就是文字内容可以根据阅读设备的特性,以最适于阅读的方式显示。EPub 文件内部使用了 XHTML 或 DTBook(一种由 DAISY Consortium 提出的 XML 标准)来展现文字、并以 zip 压缩格式来包裹文件内容。EPub 格式中包含了数字版权管理(DRM)相关功能可供选用。

EPub is a free and open standard, which belongs to the content that can be “automatically rearranged”; that is, the text content can be displayed in the most suitable way according to the characteristics of reading equipment. In the ePub file, XHTML or dtbook (an XML standard proposed by Daisy consortium) is used to present the text, and the content of the file is wrapped in ZIP format. EPub format contains the functions of digital rights management (DRM).

EPub 于 2007 年 9 月成为国际数字出版论坛(IDPF)的正式标准,以取代旧的开放 Open eBook 电子书标准。EPub 包括三项主要规格:

EPub became the official standard of International Digital Publishing Forum (IDPF) in September 2007 to replace the old open ebook e-book standard. EPub includes three main specifications:

开放出版结构(Open Publication Structure,OPS)2.0,以定义内容的版面;

Open publication structure (OPS) 2.0 to define the layout of content;

开放包裹格式(Open Packaging Format,OPF)2.0,定义以 XML 为基础的.epub 文件结构;

Open packaging format (OPF) 2.0 defines the. EPub file structure based on XML;

OEBPS 容纳格式(OEBPS Container Format,OCF)1.0,将所有相关文件收集至 ZIP 压缩包案之中。

Oebps container format (OCF) 1.0, all relevant files are collected into zip file.

数字版权管理

Digital rights management

EPUB 文件可以随意的作为附加层包含数字版权管理,但这不是规范所要求的。另外,规范没有指定任何特定的数字版权管理系统,所以出版商可以自由地选择适合的数字版权管理计划。然而,未来版本的 EPUB(即 OCF)可能会指定数字版权管理的格式。

EPub file can be used as an additional layer to contain digital rights management, but this is not required by the specification. In addition, the specification does not specify any specific digital rights management system, so publishers are free to choose the appropriate digital rights management plan. However, future versions of ePub (or OCF) may specify the format of DRM.

EPUB 规范没有强制或推荐使用特定的数字版权管理计划。这可能会影响设备对不同数字版权管理系统所支持的水平以及购买电子书的便捷性。因此,这些数字版权管理的不兼容可能会按照数字版权管理系统分裂 EPUB 格式,这将破坏单一标准格式的优势,使得消费者迷惑。

The ePub specification does not enforce or recommend the use of a specific digital rights management plan. This may affect the level of device support for different digital rights management systems and the convenience of purchasing e-books. Therefore, the incompatibility of DRM may split ePub format according to DRM system, which will destroy the advantage of single standard format and confuse consumers.

目前,拥有数字版权管理的 EPUB 文件必须在其 ZIP 容器的根级 META-INF 目录中包含一个名为 rights.xml 的文件。

Currently, ePub files with digital rights management must contain a file named rights.xml File.

验证

verification

一个名为 epubcheck 的开源工具用于对结构化标记(OPS、OPF、OCF)及 XHTML 和图片文件进行验证并检查错误。该工具可以从命令行运行,也可以在网络应用程序及应用程序中作为库使用。此工具原作中的大部分工作是在 Adobe Systems 中完成的。

An open source tool called epubcheck is used to validate structured tags (OPS, OPF, OCF) and XHTML and image files and check for errors. The tool can be run from the command line, and can also be used as a library in network applications and applications. Most of the work in the original tool was done in Adobe Systems.

Epub 制作软件

EPub production software

Sigil:跨平台的开源 epub 电子书编辑器,支持 Windows、Linux 和 Mac 系统。

Sigil: cross platform open source ePub e-book editor, supporting windows, Linux and MAC systems.

电电转换器:提供 Markdown 文件转包括直排在内 EPUB 3 文件的在线服务。

Electric to electric converter: provide online service of converting markdown file to ePub 3 file including direct arrangement.

Google 文档:Google 提供的网页式办公包在线服务,在文件->下载->EPUB Publication(.epub)之选项。

Google document: a Web Office Pack online service provided by Google, which can be downloaded from file – & gt; ePub publication (. EPub).

LibreOffice:开放的办公室套装软件,在 6.0 版中增加“导出为 EPUB”之选项。支持 Windows 、 Mac 及 Linux。

Libreoffice: open office suite software, add the option of “export to ePub” in version 6.0. Support windows, MAC and Linux.

calibre:一个自由开源跨平台的电子书软件套装,可以用来组织、存放以及管理电子书,支持大多数的电子书格式。同时也支持与许多流行的电子书阅读器进行同步,并可能在数字版权管理的限制下转换电子书的格式。

Calibre: a free and open source cross platform e-book software package, which can be used to organize, store and manage e-books. It supports most e-book formats. At the same time, it also supports synchronization with many popular e-book readers, and may convert e-book formats under the limitation of digital rights management.

AZARDI ePub Desktop Reader(仅有 Windows 版):内置 epub 编辑和重新压缩打包功能。

Azardi ePub desktop reader (Windows version only): built in ePub editing and recompression packaging function.

epubBuilder:功能强大的 epub 电子书制作软件,多种格式导入。支持 Stanza, Sony 505, Adobe DE 等多种阅读器。

Epubbuilder: powerful ePub e-book production software, imported in various formats. Support stanza, Sony 505, Adobe de and other readers.

EpubSTAR:出色的 epub 转换生成软件,即 word to epub 和 text to epub 转换程序。可以利用现成的 word 文档(word 97/2003/2007/2010)或纯文字的 text 文档,自动生成 epub 格式电子书。其特色是简单易学,一键转换,操作方便。只需三步,就可制作一本成熟的印刷质量般的电子书,让初学者也有机会体验高质量电子书制作的机会。

Epustar: excellent ePub conversion software, namely word to ePub and text to ePub conversion program. The ePub format e-book can be generated automatically by using the ready-made word document (word 97 / 2003 / 2007 / 2010) or pure text document. Its characteristics are simple and easy to learn, one key conversion, easy operation. The high-quality e-book production opportunities for beginners can be achieved by three steps of high-quality e-book production.

八千卷图片 epub:提供在线生成 epub 格式的电子书,可以将图片、照片等导入加上文字说明生成电子书,以方便传阅,即时导入即时生成,支持 ibook 等多种阅读器。

8000 volume image ePub: provides online generation of ebooks in ePub format. You can import pictures, photos, etc. with text instructions to generate e-books, so as to facilitate circulation, instant import and instant generation. It supports a variety of readers such as iBook.

Jutoh:专业级的 epub 电子书籍制作软件,支持最新的 epub3.0 标准。

Jutoh: professional ePub e-book production software, supporting the latest epub3.0 standard.


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