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【速搜问答】计算机五大组成部分有哪些

问答 admin 2年前 (2020-08-26) 525次浏览 已收录 0个评论

汉英对照:
Chinese-English Translation:

计算机五大组成部件:运算器、控制器、存储器、输入设备和输出设备。

The computer consists of five parts: arithmetic unit, controller, memory, input device and output device.

计算机五大组成部件:运算器、控制器、存储器、输入设备和输出设备。

The computer consists of five parts: arithmetic unit, controller, memory, input device and output device.

计算机的中央处理器又称为 CPU,它是计算机的核心部分。主要由运算器和控制器组成。

The central processing unit of computer is also called CPU, which is the core part of the computer. It is mainly composed of arithmetic unit and controller.

运算器:实现算术运算和逻辑运算的部件。

Arithmetic unit: a unit that performs arithmetic and logical operations.

控制器:计算机的指挥系统。控制器通过地址访问存储器,从存储器中取出指令,经译码器分析后,根据指令分析结果产生相应的操作控制信号作用于其他部件,使得各部件在控制器控制下有条不紊地协调工作。

Controller: computer command system. The controller accesses the memory through the address, takes out the instruction from the memory, after the decoder analysis, generates the corresponding operation control signal according to the instruction analysis result, acts on the other components, makes each component work orderly under the control of the controller.

存储器:是计算机中用来存放所有数据和程序的记忆部件,它的基本功能是按指定的地址存(写)入或者取(读)出信息。 计算机中的存储器可分成两大类:一类是内存储器,简称内存或主存;另一类是外存储器(辅助存储器),简称外存或辅存。 存储器由若干个存储单元组成,每个存储单元都有一个地址,计算机通过地址对存储单元进行读写。一个存储器所包含的字节数称为存储容量,单位有 B、KB、MB、GB、TB 等。

Memory: it is a memory unit used to store all data and programs in a computer. Its basic function is to store (write) in or access (read) information according to the specified address. The memory in computer can be divided into two categories: one is memory storage, referred to as memory or main memory; the other is external memory (auxiliary memory), referred to as external memory or auxiliary memory. The memory is composed of several storage units, each of which has an address. The computer can read and write the storage unit through the address. The number of bytes contained in a memory is called storage capacity. The units are B, KB, MB, GB, TB, etc.

输入设备:是向计算机中输入信息(程序、数据、声音、文字、图形、图像等)的设备。常见的输入设备有:键盘、鼠标、图形扫描仪、触摸屏、条形码输入器、光笔等。 外存储器也是一种输入设备。

Input device: it is a device that inputs information (program, data, sound, text, graphics, image, etc.) into the computer. Common input devices are: keyboard, mouse, graphic scanner, touch screen, barcode input device, light pen, etc. External memory is also an input device.

输出设备:主要有显示器、打印机和绘图仪等。外存储器也当作一种输出设备。

Output equipment: mainly display, printer and plotter. External memory is also used as an output device.


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