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【速搜问答】Manjaro Linux是什么

问答 admin 2年前 (2020-08-21) 559次浏览 已收录 0个评论

汉英对照:
Chinese-English Translation:

Manjaro Linux是基于Arch LinuxLinux 发行版,使用 Xfce 、GNOME和 KDE Plasma 作为默认桌面环境,和 Arch 一样,采用滚动更新。其目标是为PC 提供易于使用的自由的操作系统。

Manjaro Linux is a Linux distribution based on arch Linux, which uses xfce, gnome and KDE plasma as the default desktop environment, and adopts rolling update like arch. Its goal is to provide PC with an easy-to-use free operating system.

Manjaro Linux 是基于 Arch Linux 的 Linux 发行版,使用 Xfce 、GNOME 和 KDE Plasma 作为默认桌面环境,和 Arch 一样,采用滚动更新。其目标是为 PC 提供易于使用的自由的操作系统。

Manjaro Linux is a Linux distribution based on arch Linux, which uses xfce, gnome and KDE plasma as the default desktop environment, and adopts rolling update like arch. Its goal is to provide PC with an easy-to-use free operating system.

Manjaro Linux 基于 Arch Linux,但拥有自己独立的软件仓库。Manjaro 的目标是让强大的 Arch 更方便用户使用,Manjaro 使用著名的 Pacman 且可以直接利用 AUR 上的资源。Manjaro 本身使用三个软件仓库:不稳定库,即含有那些不成熟的 Arch 包,这些包与 Arch 源有 1-2 天 的延后;测试库,每周同步一次,包含那些 Arch 不稳定源的包;以及稳定库,包含那些由开发团队确认稳定的软件。

Manjaro Linux is based on arch Linux, but has its own independent software warehouse. Manjaro’s well-known resources on manjaro are more convenient for users to use. Manjaro itself uses three software warehouses: unstable library, which contains immature arch packages, which have 1-2 days delay with arch source; test library, which synchronizes once a week, contains packages with unstable arch sources; and stable library, which contains stable software confirmed by development team.

历史

history

2013 年年中,Manjaro 进入 beta 阶段。系统的关键部分,如 GUI 安装程序(目前使用的是 Antergos 安装程序的分支)、包管理器(Pacman)、MHWD(Manjaro HardWare Detection,Manjaro 硬件检测软件)以及 Manjaro 设置管理器都已经实现了。

Manjaro entered the beta phase in mid-2013. The key parts of the system, such as GUI installation program (currently using the branch of the antergos installation program), package manager (Pacman), mhwd (manjaro hardware detection software) and manjaro Setup Manager have been implemented.

发布历史

Release history

Manjaro Linux 官方支持的桌面环境包括 Xfce (首选)、GNOME 和 KDE Plasma。社区支持的桌面环境包括:MATE、LXDE、Cinnamon、Awesome、Bspwm、 Budgie、i3、LXQT 和 Openbox 等。同时,也有预装单独的窗口管理器的社区版本。另外,Manjaro 还提供网络版(NET-Edition),可配置自定义的图形环境。此外,通过 Manjaro Linux 的官方仓库可安装其它窗口管理器,如 Razor-qt 等。

Manjaro Linux officially supports desktop environments including xfce (preferred), gnome, and KDE plasma. Community supported desktop environments include mate, lxde, cinnamon, awesome, bspwm, budgie, I3, lxqt and OPENBOX. There is also a community version with a separate window manager pre installed. In addition, manjaro also provides net edition, which can be configured with custom graphics environment. In addition, other window managers, such as razor QT, can be installed through the official repository of manjaro Linux.

用户使用预装了桌面环境或者窗口管理器的 Manjaro Linux 的话,也可以选择通过官方软件仓库下载安装其它桌面环境或者窗口管理器。

Users can also choose to download and install other desktop environments or window managers through the official software repository if they use manjaro Linux with the desktop environment or window manager pre installed.

Manjaro Linux 32 位已死

Manjaro Linux 32 bit dead

自 64 位处理器成为主流处理器以来已经有很长一段时间了。但是由于某些原因,一些开发人员仍在继续维护 32 位版本的操作系统。其中就包括微软,该公司直到 2020 年都仍支持 32 位 Windows 10 操作系统。

It has been a long time since 64 bit processor became the mainstream processor. But for some reason, some developers continue to maintain the 32-bit version of the operating system. Among them is Microsoft, which supports 32-bit windows 10 until 2020.

不过随着 64 位系统逐渐成为市场的唯一选择,微软目前也已经开始取消 Windows 10 对 32 位系统的支持。而另一方面,许多 Linux 发行版(例如 Fedora、Tails 和 Linux Mint)则早都已经取消了其 32 位版本,选择专注于 64 位版本的开发。

However, with 64 bit system becoming the only choice in the market, Microsoft has also begun to cancel windows 10’s support for 32-bit system. On the other hand, many Linux distributions (such as Fedora, tails, and Linux Mint) have already canceled their 32-bit versions and opted to focus on 64 bit versions.

现如今,又有一个主要的 Linux 发行版也紧跟其后。Manjaro Linux 方面表示,由于时间不足和硬件故障的原因,manjaro32 已停止运行。正如 betanews 所表述的那样,从某些方面说,32 位计算机已经过时,对 32 位操作系统的持续维护也会造成一定资源的浪费。Manjaro 团队此举这不失为一个明智的措施。

Today, there is another major Linux distribution that follows. Manjaro Linux said that manjaro32 had stopped running due to lack of time and hardware failure. As betanews States, in some ways, the 32-bit computer is out of date, and the continuous maintenance of 32-bit operating system will cause a waste of resources. Manjaro team’s move is a wise move.


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