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【速搜问答】什么是ERP系统

问答 admin 2个月前 (08-04) 45次浏览 已收录 0个评论

汉英对照:
Chinese-English Translation:

ERP系统是企业资源计划 (Enterprise Resource Planning) 的简称,是指建立在信息技术基础上,集信息技术与先进管理思想于一身,以系统化的管理思想,为企业员工及决策层提供决策手段的管理平台。

ERP system is the abbreviation of enterprise resource planning, which is based on information technology, integrates information technology and advanced management ideas, and provides decision-making means for enterprise employees and decision-makers with systematic management ideas.

ERP 系统是企业资源计划 (Enterprise Resource Planning) 的简称,是指建立在信息技术基础上,集信息技术与先进管理思想于一身,以系统化的管理思想,为企业员工及决策层提供决策手段的管理平台。

ERP system is the abbreviation of enterprise resource planning, which is based on information technology, integrates information technology and advanced management ideas, and provides decision-making means for enterprise employees and decision-makers with systematic management ideas.

它是从 MRP(物料需求计划)发展而来的新一代集成化管理信息系统,它扩展了 MRP 的功能,其核心思想是供应链管理。它跳出了传统企业边界,从供应链范围去优化企业的资源,优化了现代企业的运行模式,反映了市场对企业合理调配资源的要求。它对于改善企业业务流程、提高企业核心竞争力具有显著作用。

It is a new generation of integrated management information system developed from MRP (material requirement planning). It extends the functions of MRP and its core idea is supply chain management. It jumps out of the boundary of traditional enterprises, optimizes the resources of enterprises from the scope of supply chain, optimizes the operation mode of modern enterprises, and reflects the market requirements for enterprises to allocate resources reasonably. It plays a significant role in improving business process and core competitiveness of enterprises.

定义

definition

ERP 的科学定义是 ERP-Enterprise Resources Planning 企业资源计划系统是指建立在信息技术基础上以系统化的管理思想企业决策及员工提供决策运行手段的管理平台。ERP 是一种可以提供跨地区、跨部门甚至跨公司整合实时信息的企业管理信息系统。ERP 不仅仅是一个软件更重要的是一个管理思想,它实现了企业内部资源和企业相关的外部资源的整合。通过软件把企业的人、财、物、产、供销及相应的物流、信息流、资金流、管理流、增值流等紧密地集成起来实现资源优化和共享。

The scientific definition of ERP is ERP enterprise resources planning. Enterprise resource planning system is a management platform based on information technology and with systematic management ideas for enterprise decision-making and staff providing decision-making operation means. ERP is an enterprise management information system that can provide real-time information integration across regions, departments and even companies. ERP is not only a software, but also a management idea. It realizes the integration of internal resources and external resources. Through the software, the enterprise’s human, financial, material, production, supply and marketing and corresponding logistics, information flow, capital flow, management flow, value-added flow are closely integrated to realize resource optimization and sharing.

系统特点

System features

ERP 是 Enterprise Resource Planning(企业资源计划)的简称,是上个世纪 90 年代美国一家 IT 公司根据当时计算机信息、IT 技术发展及企业对供应链管理的需求,预测在今后信息时代企业管理信息系统的发展趋势和即将发生变革,而提出了这个概念。 ERP 是针对物资资源管理(物流)、人力资源管理(人流)、财务资源管理(财流)、信息资源管理(信息流)集成一体化的企业管理软件。它将包含客户/服务架构,使用图形用户接口,应用开放系统制作。除了已有的标准功能,它还包括其它特性,如品质、过程运作管理、以及调整报告等。

ERP is the abbreviation of enterprise resource planning (ERP). It was put forward by an American IT company in the 1990s. According to the development of computer information, it technology and the demand of enterprise for supply chain management at that time, it forecast the development trend of enterprise management information system in the future information age and put forward the concept. ERP is an enterprise management software integrating material resource management (logistics), human resource management (human flow), financial resource management (financial flow) and information resource management (information flow). It will include client / service architecture, graphical user interface and open system. In addition to the existing standard functions, it also includes other features such as quality, process operation management, and adjustment reporting.

ERP 系统的特点有:

The characteristics of ERP system are as follows:

企业内部管理所需的业务应用系统,主要是指财务、物流、人力资源等核心模块。

The business application system required by the internal management of enterprises mainly refers to the core modules such as finance, logistics and human resources.

物流管理系统采用了制造业的 MRP 管理思想;FMIS 有效地实现了预算管理、业务评估、管理会计、ABC 成本归集方法等现代基本财务管理方法;人力资源管理系统在组织机构设计、岗位管理、薪酬体系以及人力资源开发等方面同样集成了先进的理念。

The logistics management system adopts the MRP management thought of manufacturing industry; FMIS effectively realizes the modern basic financial management methods such as budget management, business evaluation, management accounting, ABC cost collection method; the human resource management system also integrates advanced concepts in the aspects of organization design, post management, salary system and human resource development.

ERP 系统是一个在全公司范围内应用的、高度集成的系统。数据在各业务系统之间高度共享,所有源数据只需在某一个系统中输入一次,保证了数据的一致性。

ERP system is a company wide application, highly integrated system. Data is highly shared among business systems, all source data only need to be input once in a certain system to ensure data consistency.

对公司内部业务流程和管理过程进行了优化,主要的业务流程实现了自动化。

The company’s internal business processes and management processes are optimized, and the main business processes are automated.

采用了计算机最新的主流技术和体系结构:B/S、INTERNET 体系结构,WINDOWS 界面。在能通信的地方都可以方便地接入到系统中来。

It adopts the latest mainstream technology and architecture of computer: B / s, Internet architecture, windows interface. It can be easily connected to the system where it can communicate.

集成性、先进性、统一性、完整性、开放性。

Integration, advanced nature, unity, integrity and openness.

实用性

practicability

ERP 系统实际应用中更重要的是应该体现其“管理工具”的本质。ERP 系统主要宗旨是对企业所拥有的人、财、物、信息、时间和空间等综合资源进行综合平衡和优化管理,ERP 软件协调企业各管理部门,ERP 系统围绕市场导向开展业务活动,提高企业的核心竞争力,ERP 软件从而取得最好的经济效益。所以,ERP 系统首先是一个软件,同时是一个管理工具。ERP 软件是 IT 技术与管理思想的融合体,ERP 系统也就是先进的管理思想借助电脑,来达成企业的管理目标。

In the practical application of ERP system, it is more important to embody the essence of “management tool”. The main purpose of ERP system is to balance and optimize the management of human, financial, material, information, time, space and other comprehensive resources owned by the enterprise. The ERP software coordinates the management departments of the enterprise. The ERP system develops business activities around the market orientation, improves the core competitiveness of the enterprise, and achieves the best economic benefits. Therefore, ERP system is not only a software, but also a management tool. ERP software is the integration of IT technology and management thought. ERP system is the advanced management idea. With the help of computer, it can achieve the management objectives of enterprises.

整合性

Integration

ERP 最大特色便是整个企业信息系统的整合,比传统单一的系统更具功能性。

The biggest characteristic of ERP is the integration of the whole enterprise information system, which is more functional than the traditional single system.

弹性

elastic

采用模块化的设计方式,使系统本身可因应企业需要新增模块来支持并整合,提升企业的应变能力。

The modular design method is adopted to make the system itself meet the needs of enterprises by adding new modules to support and integrate, so as to improve the adaptability of enterprises.

数据储存

Data storage

将原先分散企业各角落的数据整合起来,使数据得以一致性,并提升其精确性。

Integrate the data from all corners of the original scattered enterprise to make the data consistent and improve its accuracy.

便利性

Convenience

在整合的环境下,企业内部所产生的信息透过系统将可在企业任一地方取得与应用。

In the integrated environment, the information generated within the enterprise can be obtained and applied anywhere in the enterprise through the system.

管理绩效

Management performance

ERP 系统将使部分间横向的联系有效且紧密,使得管理绩效提升。

ERP system will make the horizontal connection between parts effective and close, and improve the management performance.

互动关系

interaction

透过 ERP 系统配合使企业与原物料供货商之间紧密结合,增加其市场变动的能力。而 CRM 客户关系管理系统则使企业充分掌握市场需要取向的动脉,两者皆有助于促进企业与上下游的互动发展关系。

Through the cooperation of ERP system, enterprises and raw material suppliers are closely combined to increase their ability to change the market. CRM customer relationship management system enables enterprises to fully grasp the artery of market demand orientation, both of which are helpful to promote the interaction between enterprises and upstream and downstream.

实时性

Real time

ERP 是整个企业信息的整合管理,重在整体性,而整体性的关键就体现于“实时和动态管理”上,所谓“兵马未动,粮草先行”,强调的就是不同部门的“实时动态配合”,现实工作中的管理问题,也是部门协调与岗位配合的问题,因此缺乏“实时动态的管理手段和管理能力”的 ERP 管理,就是空谈。

ERP It is the integration management of the whole enterprise information, which focuses on the integrity, and the key to the integrity is embodied in the “real-time and dynamic management”. The so-called “army does not move, grain and grass first”, which emphasizes the “real-time dynamic cooperation” of different departments. The management problems in real work are also the problems of department coordination and post coordination. Therefore, there is a lack of “real-time and dynamic management means and management” The ERP management of “management ability” is empty talk.

及时性

timeliness

ERP 管理的关键是“现实工作信息化”,即把现实中的工作内容与工作方式,用信息化的手段来表现,因为人的精力和能力是有限的,现实事务达到一定的繁杂程度后,人就会在所难免的出错,将工作内容与工作方式信息化,就能形成 ERP 管理的信息化体系,才能拥有可靠的信息化管理工具。

The key of ERP management is “informatization of real work”, that is to express the content and mode of work in reality by means of informatization, because people’s energy and ability are limited. When the real affairs reach a certain degree of complexity, people will inevitably make mistakes. The informatization of work contents and working methods can form ERP Only with the information system of management can we have reliable information management tools.


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