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【速搜问答】ERP软件是什么

问答 admin 2个月前 (08-04) 47次浏览 已收录 0个评论

汉英对照:
Chinese-English Translation:

ERP软件是现代企业管理的理想工具,可确保流程顺利进行。借助ERP解决方案的强大功能,轻松分析销售、市场营销、客户服务、订单处理、制造、库存管理等信息。

ERP software is an ideal tool for modern enterprise management, which can ensure the smooth process. With the powerful function of ERP solution, it is easy to analyze sales, marketing, customer service, order processing, manufacturing, inventory management and other information.

ERP,Enterprise Resource Planning 企业资源计划系统,是指在信息技术基础上,以系统化的管理思想,为企业决策层及员工提供决策运行手段的管理平台。

ERP, enterprise resource planning system, is a management platform based on information technology and systematic management ideas, which provides decision-making and operation means for enterprise decision-makers and employees.

ERP 系统集中信息技术与先进的管理思想于一身,成为现代企业的运行模式,反映时代对企业合理调配资源,最大化地创造社会财富的要求,成为企业在信息时代生存、发展的基石。ERP 的应用实施涉及到企业的各个部门,从最高的领导层到最底层的操作人员。而对于这样一项耗资巨大,费时费力的系统工程,企业大都没有这方面的实施应用经验。

ERP system integrates information technology and advanced management ideas, and becomes the operation mode of modern enterprises. It reflects the requirements of the times for enterprises to allocate resources reasonably and create social wealth to the greatest extent. It has become the cornerstone of the survival and development of enterprises in the information age. The application and implementation of ERP involves all departments of the enterprise, from the highest level of leadership to the lowest level of operators. However, for such a huge cost, time-consuming and laborious system engineering, most enterprises have no application experience in this aspect.

传统的 ERP 系统是由不同功能模块组成的单机系统,随着网络的普及,系统开发商在新一代 ERP 系统中利用了 C/S 架构以及 B/S 架构等方式,使得新一代的 ERP 系统更加便捷与灵活。虽然 ERP 系统在不断改进,但其推广应用仍然存在着制约因素。

Traditional ERP system is a stand-alone system composed of different functional modules. With the popularity of network, system developers use C / S architecture and B / S architecture in the new generation of ERP system, which makes the new generation of ERP system more convenient and flexible. Although the ERP system is constantly improving, there are still constraints in its popularization and application.

1)由于 ERP 系统并不是简单的应用软件,企业往往需要一段时间去修改、适应,才能将其更好的融入到日常业务的运作当中。具体对每个企业来说,其所需要的时间是不一样的,短则需要两三个月,长则需要两三年甚至更久。在这期间,ERP 系统的应用与企业的实际利益产生冲突时,企业管理者难免更倾向于眼前的利益,更在意这段时间当中企业的损失,即使企业能顺利度过与 ERP 系统的磨合期,用户仍需要进行 ERP 系统的修改、安装及运维工作。这对中小企业来说,不仅增加了 IT 成本的投入,也会使得 ERP 系统的推广受阻。

1) Because ERP system is not a simple application software, enterprises often need a period of time to modify and adapt, in order to better integrate it into the daily business operation. Specifically, for each enterprise, the time required is different. For a short enterprise, it takes two or three months, while for a long time, it takes two or three years or even longer. During this period, when the application of ERP system conflicts with the actual interests of the enterprise, enterprise managers inevitably tend to be more inclined to the immediate interests and pay more attention to the loss of the enterprise during this period. Even if the enterprise can successfully go through the running in period with the ERP system, users still need to modify, install and maintain the ERP system. For small and medium-sized enterprises, it not only increases the input of it cost, but also hinders the promotion of ERP system.

2)ERP 系统的开发者与使用者沟通不足也是影响其推广应用的因素。在系统售出后,模块设计是否符合用户要求,软件选型是否适合企业实际,这类基本信息双方很难得到快速、便捷的确认。沟通缺失,信息不畅导致了系统升级速度减慢,减缓了 ERP 系统自身发展的脚步。3)ERP 系统中的数据安全隐患也阻碍了企业深入推广 ERP 系统的进程。由于技术缺失等问题,用户实施 ERP 系统的硬件载体一旦发生事故,造成数据丢失,对一个企业来说将是沉重的打击。大多数企业由于自身规模的限制,在硬件、技术以及人才方面的投入有限,在技术上无法做到实时、大规模、异地备份,在一定程度上阻碍了 ERP 的发展。而云计算 ERP 一方面能够减少企业在硬件方面的投资,他们只需要从平台服务商那里租用部署 ERP 所需要的硬件和网络资源即可,这大大减少了企业投资的费用;另一方面,云平台是由一些世界上顶级的互联网公司搭建的,他们拥有着世界上顶尖的硬件环境、技术手段以及技术人才,为环境的安全稳定提供了可靠的保障,为用户的数据安全进行保障和备份,对隐私数据进行保护。因此,无论从减少投资还是技术稳定方面来看,云计算都是 ERP 的发展方向。

2) The lack of communication between developers and users of ERP system is also a factor affecting its popularization and application. After the system is sold, whether the module design meets the user’s requirements, and whether the software selection is suitable for the enterprise’s reality, it is difficult for both sides to quickly and conveniently confirm such basic information. Lack of communication and poor information lead to the slow down of system upgrade and slow down the pace of ERP system development. 3) The hidden danger of data security in ERP system also hinders the process of promoting ERP system. Due to the lack of technology and other issues, once the user implements ERP system hardware carrier accident, resulting in data loss, it will be a heavy blow to an enterprise. Due to the limitation of their own scale, most enterprises have limited investment in hardware, technology and talents, and can not achieve real-time, large-scale and remote backup in technology, which hinders the development of ERP to a certain extent. On the one hand, cloud computing ERP can reduce the enterprise’s investment in hardware. They only need to rent the hardware and network resources needed for ERP deployment from platform service providers, which greatly reduces the cost of enterprise investment; On the other hand, the cloud platform is built by some of the world’s top Internet companies. They have the world’s top hardware environment, technical means and technical personnel, which provide reliable guarantee for the security and stability of the environment, guarantee and prepare for the user’s data security, and protect the privacy data. Therefore, from the point of view of both cloud computing and ERP, the development direction is to reduce the investment.

毫无疑问,云计算正在成为 IT 业的重要发展趋势,云技术正在逐渐渗透到整个产业以及用户。但“公有云烧钱,私有云赚钱”似乎已是不成文的定律,也是公有云市场热度与惨烈度同样壮观的主要原因。如畅捷通 T+通过打破公有云发展“魔咒”,通过深植和研究基于强大小微企业用户需求,打造符合小微企业需求的公有云平台,提供适合小微企业应用特色的产品和服务。

There is no doubt that cloud computing is becoming an important development trend of IT industry, and cloud technology is gradually penetrating into the entire industry and users. However, “public cloud burning money, private cloud making money” seems to be an unwritten law, which is also the main reason why the public cloud market is as hot and tragic as it is. For example, by breaking the magic spell of public cloud development, changjietong T + creates a public cloud platform that meets the needs of small and micro enterprises by deeply planting and researching the user needs of powerful small and micro enterprises, and provides products and services suitable for the application characteristics of small and micro enterprises.

软件特点

Software features

ERP 软件的特点有:

The characteristics of ERP software are as follows:

企业内部管理所需的业务应用系统,主要是指财务、物流、人力资源等核心模块。

The business application system required by the internal management of enterprises mainly refers to the core modules such as finance, logistics and human resources.

物流管理系统采用了制造业的 MRP 管理思想;FMIS 有效地实现可预算管理、业务评估、管理会计、ABC 成本归集方法等现代基本财务管理方法;人力资源管理系统在组织机构设计、岗位管理、薪酬体系以及人力资源开发等方面同样集成了先进的理念。

Logistics management system adopts MRP management thought of manufacturing industry; FMIS effectively realizes modern basic financial management methods such as budget management, business evaluation, management accounting and ABC cost collection method; human resource management system also integrates advanced concepts in organization design, post management, salary system and human resource development.

ERP 软件是一个在全公司范围内应用的、高度集成的系统。数据在各业务系统之间高度共享,所有源数据只需在某一个系统中输入一次,保证了数据的一致性。

ERP software is a company wide application, highly integrated system. Data is highly shared among business systems, all source data only need to be input once in a certain system to ensure data consistency.

对公司内部业务流程和管理过程进行了优化,主要的业务流程实现了自动化。

The company’s internal business processes and management processes are optimized, and the main business processes are automated.

采用了计算机最新的主流技术和体系结构:B/S、INTERNET 体系结构,WINDOWS 界面。在能通信的地方都可以方便地接入到系统中来。

It adopts the latest mainstream technology and architecture of computer: B / s, Internet architecture, windows interface. It can be easily connected to the system where it can communicate.

集成性、先进性、统一性、完整性、开放性。

Integration, advanced nature, unity, integrity and openness.

核心目的

Core purpose

ERP 的核心目的就是实现对整个供应链的有效管理,主要体现在以下四个方面:

The core purpose of ERP is to realize the effective management of the whole supply chain, which is mainly reflected in the following four aspects:

管理整个供应链资源

Manage the whole supply chain resources

在知识经济时代仅靠自己企业的资源不可能有效地参与市场竞争,还必须把经营过程中的有关各方如供应商、制造工厂、分销网络、客户等纳入一个紧密的供应链中,才能有效地安排企业的产、供、销活动,满足企业利用全社会一切市场资源快速高效地进行生产经营的需求,以期进一步提高效率和在市场上获得竞争优势。换句话说,现代企业竞争不是单一企业与单一企业间的竞争,而是一个企业供应链与另一个企业供应链之间的竞争。ERP 系统实现了对整个企业供应链的管理,适应了企业在知识经济时代市场竞争的需要。

In the era of knowledge economy, it is impossible to effectively participate in the market competition by relying on the resources of their own enterprises. The relevant parties in the operation process, such as suppliers, manufacturing plants, distribution networks and customers, must be integrated into a close supply chain. Only in this way can the production, supply and marketing activities of enterprises be effectively arranged, and enterprises can make use of all market resources of the whole society to carry out production and economy quickly and efficiently In order to further improve efficiency and gain competitive advantage in the market. In other words, modern enterprise competition is not the competition between single enterprise and single enterprise, but the competition between one enterprise supply chain and another enterprise supply chain. ERP system realizes the management of the whole enterprise supply chain and adapts to the needs of market competition in the era of knowledge economy.

精益生产同步工程

Synchronous Engineering of lean production

ERP 系统支持对混合型生产方式的管理,其管理思想表现在两个方面:其一是“精益生产 LP(Lean Production)”的思想,它是由美国麻省理工学院(MIT)提出的一种企业经营战略体系。即企业按大批量生产方式组织生产时,把客户、销售代理商、供应商、协作单位纳入生产体系,企业同其销售代理、客户和供应商的关系,已不再简单地是业务往来关系,而是利益共享的合作伙伴关系,这种合作伙伴关系组成了一个企业的供应链,这即是精益生产的核心思想。其二是“敏捷制造(Agile Manufacturing)”的思想。当市场发生变化,企业遇有特定的市场和产品需求时,企业的基本合作伙伴不一定能满足新产品开发生产的要求,这时,企业会组织一个由特定的供应商和销售渠道组成的短期或一次性供应链,形成“虚拟工厂”,把供应和协作单位看成是企业的一个组成部分,运用“同步工程(SE)”,组织生产,用最短的时间将新产品打入市场,时刻保持产品的高质量、多样化和灵活性,这即是“敏捷制造”的核心思想。

ERP system supports the management of hybrid production mode, and its management idea is manifested in two aspects: one is the idea of “lean production”, which is a kind of enterprise management strategy system proposed by MIT. That is to say, when enterprises organize production according to mass production mode, customers, sales agents, suppliers and cooperation units are included in the production system. The relationship between enterprises and their sales agents, customers and suppliers is no longer simply a business relationship, but a partnership of benefit sharing. This partnership constitutes an enterprise’s supply chain, which is called lean production The core idea of. The second is the idea of “agile manufacturing”. When the market changes and the enterprise meets the specific market and product demand, the basic partners of the enterprise may not meet the requirements of new product development and production. At this time, the enterprise will organize a short-term or one-time supply chain composed of specific suppliers and sales channels to form a “virtual factory”, and regard the supply and cooperation unit as an integral part of the enterprise The core idea of “agile manufacturing” is to organize production with “Se”, to bring new products into the market in the shortest time, and to keep high quality, diversification and flexibility of products at all times.

事先计划与事中控制

Planning in advance and control in the process

ERP 系统中的计划体系主要包括:主生产计划、物料需求计划、能力计划、采购计划、销售执行计划、利润计划、财务预算和人力资源计划等,而且这些计划功能与价值控制功能已完全集成到整个供应链系统中。

The planning system of ERP system mainly includes: master production plan, material demand plan, capacity plan, purchase plan, sales execution plan, profit plan, financial budget and human resource plan, and these planning functions and value control functions have been fully integrated into the whole supply chain system.

另一方面,ERP 系统通过定义事务处理(Transaction)相关的会计核算科目与核算方式,以便在事务处理发生的同时自动生成会计核算分录,保证了资金流与物流的同步记录和数据的一致性。从而实现了根据财务资金现状,可以追溯资金的来龙去脉,并进一步追溯所发生的相关业务活动,改变了资金信息滞后于物料信息的状况,便于实现事中控制和实时做出决策。

On the other hand, the ERP system defines the accounting subjects and accounting methods related to transaction, so as to automatically generate accounting entries when the transaction occurs, so as to ensure the synchronous record and data consistency of capital flow and logistics. Thus, according to the current situation of financial funds, we can trace the origin and development of funds, and further trace the relevant business activities, which changes the situation that the capital information lags behind the material information, which is convenient for the realization of in-process control and real-time decision-making.

此外,计划、事务处理、控制与决策功能都在整个供应链的业务处理流程中实现,要求在每个流程业务处理过程中最大限度地发挥每个人的工作潜能与责任心,流程与流程之间则强调人与人之间的合作精神,以便在有机组织中充分发挥每个的主观能动性与潜能。实现企业管理从“高耸式”组织结构向“扁平式”组织机构的转变,提高企业对市场动态变化的响应速度。

In addition, the functions of planning, transaction processing, control and decision-making are realized in the business process of the whole supply chain. It is required to give full play to everyone’s work potential and sense of responsibility in the business process of each process. The cooperation spirit between the processes is emphasized, so as to give full play to each subjective initiative and potential in the organic organization. To realize the transformation of enterprise management from “towering” organizational structure to “flat” organizational structure, and improve the response speed of enterprises to the dynamic changes of the market.

总之,借助 IT 技术的飞速发展与应用,ERP 系统得以将很多先进的管理思想变成现实中可实施应用的计算机软件系统

In short, with the rapid development and application of IT technology, ERP system can turn many advanced management ideas into practical computer software systems

财务税务协同管控

Financial and tax coordination control

针对企业不同成长阶段的需要,在充分发挥财税领域优势的基础上,推出的拥有“税务会计处理系统”的“懂税的 ERP“ 产品, ERP 与国家涉税系统进行信息传递与要素延续。

According to the needs of different growth stages of enterprises, on the basis of giving full play to the advantages in the field of Finance and taxation, the ERP product with “tax accounting processing system” is introduced, and the information transmission and element continuity between ERP and national tax related system are carried out.

最终实现财务税务互联,实时动态管理的目标。

Finally, the goal of financial and tax interconnection and real-time dynamic management is realized.

简要历史

Brief history

ERP 软件是一个由 Gartner Group 开发的概念,描述下一代制造商业系统和制造资源计划(MRP II)软件。它将包含客户/服务架构,使用图形用户接口,应用开放系统制作。除了已有的标准功能,它还包括其它特性,如品质、过程运作管理、以及调整报告等。特别是,ERP 采用的基础技术将同时给用户软件和硬件两方面的独立性从而更加容易升级。ERP 的关键在于所有用户能够裁剪其应用,因而具有天然的易用性。

ERP software is a concept developed by Gartner Group, which describes the next generation of manufacturing business system and manufacturing resource planning (MRP II) software. It will include client / service architecture, graphical user interface and open system. In addition to the existing standard functions, it also includes other features such as quality, process operation management, and adjustment reporting. In particular, the basic technology adopted by ERP will give users the independence of software and hardware at the same time, which makes it easier to upgrade. The key of ERP is that all users can tailor their applications, so it has natural ease of use.

所有以 ERP 理论思想为产品设计基础的、涵括企业财务、物流、供应链、生产计划、人力资源、设备、质量管理等各类资源管理的软件操作系统,都可以统称为 ERP 软件。

All the software operating systems based on ERP theory and design, including enterprise finance, logistics, supply chain, production planning, human resources, equipment, quality management and other resource management software operating systems, can be collectively referred to as ERP software.


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