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【速搜问答】开放式耳机是什么

问答 admin 2个月前 (08-03) 53次浏览 已收录 0个评论

汉英对照:
Chinese-English Translation:

开放式耳机是比较流行的耳机种类。此类机种的特点是通过采用海绵状的微孔发泡塑料制作透声耳垫。它体积小巧,佩带很舒适,不再使用厚重的染音垫。

Open type earphone is a popular kind of earphone. The characteristic of this kind of machine is that the sound permeable ear pad is made of sponge like microcellular foam plastic. It’s compact and comfortable to wear, no longer using heavy tone pad.

开放式耳机,是比较流行的耳机种类。此类机种的特点是通过采用海绵状的微孔发泡塑料制作透声耳垫。它体积小巧,佩带很舒适,不再使用厚重的染音垫。

Open type earphone is a popular kind of earphone. The characteristic of this kind of machine is that the sound permeable ear pad is made of sponge like microcellular foam plastic. It’s compact and comfortable to wear, no longer using heavy tone pad.

于是没有了与外界的隔绝感,声音可以泄露、反之同样也可以听到外界的声音。如果耳机开放的程度很高,可以听到另一边单元发出的声音,形成一定的互馈,使得听感自然。

As a result, there is no sense of isolation from the outside world, and the sound can be leaked and vice versa. If the earphone is open to a high degree, the sound from the other unit can be heard, forming a certain mutual feedback, making the listening feel natural.

但它的低频损失较大,也有人说它的低频准确。开放式的耳机一般听感自然,佩带舒适,常见于家用欣赏的 HIFI 耳机。

But its low frequency loss is large, and some people say its low frequency is accurate. Generally speaking, open type earphones are natural to listen to and comfortable to wear. They are commonly used in home appreciation of hifi earphones.

open back design,翻译为开放式设计,此类耳机的特点是发声单元外壁采用镂空通气式的设计,没有将声音隔绝在耳罩内,由于没有了隔绝,声音会扩散到外界,左右两个单元的声音还可以相互影响,形成一定的互馈,使得听感更趋自然。

The feature of this kind of earphone is that the outer wall of the sound generating unit adopts the hollow ventilation design, and the sound is not isolated in the earmuff. Without the isolation, the sound will spread to the outside world, and the sound of the left and right units can also influence each other to form a certain mutual feedback, which makes the sense of hearing more natural.

​开放式耳机的特点显而易见,佩戴者在听音乐时,旁边的人同样可以清晰的听到耳机发出的声音,堪称头戴式小喇叭,并且由于基本没有密闭性,所以外界声音也可以轻易传到耳机佩戴者的耳朵里,容易受到外部环境干扰。​

The characteristics of open headphones are obvious. When the wearer is listening to music, the person next to him can also clearly hear the sound from the headset, which is called a small headphone. Moreover, due to the lack of tightness, the external sound can be easily transmitted to the ear of the earphone wearer, which is easy to be interfered by the external environment. ​

那这样麻烦的耳机有何优势?其实很多高端型号都是开放式……​因为没有封闭式的耳机外壳腔体,声音不会受到外壁的阻隔和回弹,能够自然扩散传播,左右单元的发声形成一定互馈,所以开放式耳机发出的声音松散自然,还原度更高。并且由于声音和外界互通,开放式头戴天生具有优秀的声场表现,宽敞的声场能够打开听觉空间,让听者在欣赏音乐时较轻松的分辨每种乐器发声位置,给予听者更加宽松大气的听觉感受,非常适合欣赏交响乐等大编制曲目。

What’s the advantage of such a troublesome headset? In fact, many high-end models are open Because there is no closed earphone shell cavity, the sound will not be blocked and rebounded by the outer wall, and it can spread naturally. The sound from the left and right units forms a certain mutual feedback. Therefore, the sound produced by the open headset is loose and natural, and the restoration degree is higher. Moreover, due to the intercommunication of sound and the outside world, the open headwear naturally has excellent sound field performance. The spacious sound field can open up the hearing space, making it easier for the listener to distinguish the sound position of each instrument when enjoying music, and give the listener a more relaxed and atmospheric sense of hearing. It is very suitable for listening to symphonies and other large-scale repertoires.

开放式同样有缺点,由于声场宽阔,声音宽松,导致开放式耳机普遍声音密度相较不高,低频量和质感相相对有所缺失,但这个是好是坏就因人而异了。世上没有完美的事物,大多数开放式耳机都会在声场和人声上有一定取舍,​比如 HD800 虽然达到了厅堂级别的声场感受,但由于过大的声场表现,拉远了人声位置,导致听流行音乐时人声有被伴奏遮盖的感觉,不是特别舒服。

Open style also has its disadvantages. Due to the wide sound field and loose sound, the open headphones generally have low sound density and relatively lack of low frequency and texture. However, whether this is good or bad depends on people. There is no perfect thing in the world. Most open headphones have a certain trade-off between the sound field and the human voice. For example, although the HD800 has reached the hall level sound field experience, due to the excessive performance of the sound field, the position of the voice has been pulled away, resulting in the feeling that the human voice is covered by accompaniment when listening to pop music, which is not particularly comfortable.


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