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【速搜问答】版权是什么

问答 admin 3年前 (2020-07-23) 518次浏览 已收录 0个评论

汉英对照:
Chinese-English Translation:

版权(Copyright)亦称著作权,是用来表述创作者因其文学和艺术作品而享有的权利的一个法律用语。指作者或其他人(包括法人) 依法对某一著作物享受的权利。

Copyright, also known as copyright, is a legal term used to express the rights enjoyed by creators for their literary and artistic works. It refers to the rights enjoyed by the author or other person (including legal person) to a certain crop according to law.

版权,亦称“著作权”,符号:©。指作者或其他人(包括法人)依法对某一著作物享受的权利。根据规定,作者享受下列权利:(1)以本名、化名或以不署名的方式发表作品;(2)保护作品的完整性;(3)修改已经发表的作品;(4)因观点改变或其他正当理由声明收回已经发表的作品,但应适当赔偿出版单位损失;(5)通过合法途径,以出版、复制、播放、表演、展览、摄制片、翻译或改编等形式使用作品;(6)因他人使用作品而获得经济报酬。上述权利受到侵犯,作者或其他版权所有者有权要求停止侵权行为和赔偿损失。

Copyright, also known as “copyright”, symbol:). It refers to the rights enjoyed by the author or other person (including legal person) to a certain crop according to law. According to the regulations, the author enjoys the following rights: (1) publishing a work under his own name, pseudonym or without signature; (2) protecting the integrity of the work; (3) revising the published work; (4) claiming to take back the published work due to change of opinion or other legitimate reasons, but shall compensate the publishing unit for the losses; (5) publishing, reproducing and broadcasting through legal means (6) receiving financial remuneration for the use of the work by others. If the above rights are infringed, the author or other copyright owners have the right to stop the infringement and compensate for the losses.

版权(copyright)是用来表述创作者因其文学和艺术作品而享有的权利的一个法律用语。版权是对计算机程序、文学著作、音乐作品、照片、游戏,电影等的复制权利的合法所有权。除非转让给另一方,版权通常被认为是属于作者的。大多数计算机程序不仅受到版权的保护,还受软件许可证的保护。版权只保护思想的表达形式,而不保护思想本身。算法、数学方法、技术或机器的设计均不在版权的保护之列。

Copyright is a legal term used to express the rights enjoyed by creators for their literary and artistic works. Copyright is the legal ownership of the right to copy computer programs, literary works, music works, photos, games, movies, etc. Copyright is generally considered to belong to the author unless it is transferred to another party. Most computer programs are protected not only by copyright, but also by software licenses. Copyright protects only the expression of ideas, not ideas themselves. Algorithms, mathematical methods, techniques, or machine designs are not protected by copyright.

版权的取得有两种方式:自动取得和登记取得。在中国,按照著作权法规定,作品完成就自动有版权。 所谓完成,是相对而言的,只要创作的对象已经满足法定的作品构成条件,即可作为作品受到著作权法保护。

There are two ways to obtain copyright: automatic acquisition and registration. In China, according to the copyright law, a work is automatically copyrighted when it is completed. The so-called completion is relatively speaking. As long as the object of creation has met the statutory conditions for the composition of the work, it can be protected as a work by the copyright law.

在学理上,根据性质不同,版权可以分为著作权及邻接权。简单来说,著作权是针对原创相关精神产品的人而言的,而邻接权的概念,是针对表演或者协助传播作品载体的有关产业的参加者而言的,比如表演者、录音录像制品制作者、广播电视台、出版社等等。

In theory, according to the nature, copyright can be divided into copyright and neighboring right. In short, copyright is for the original related spiritual products, while the concept of neighboring rights is for the participants of the relevant industries who perform or assist in the dissemination of works, such as performers, producers of audio and video products, radio and television stations, publishing houses, etc.

预防侵权

Prevention of infringement

数字作品版权也可以在选择行业协会等第三方平台登记备案,特别是各种草根版权资源选择包括并不限于数字指纹技术,进行数字作品存证时间认证和多纬度智能认证,其科学性可以自主验证对证。版权纠纷时,提供初步证据,需要时司法鉴定机构,提高法律证据有效性,这是在欧洲发达国家已经盛行很多年,与官方人工登记相互补充。

The copyright of digital works can also be registered on the third-party platforms such as industry associations. In particular, the selection of various grass-roots copyright resources includes but is not limited to digital fingerprint technology, digital works storage time authentication and multi latitude intelligent authentication. Its scientificity can be independently verified and verified. In the case of copyright disputes, it is necessary to provide preliminary evidence and forensic institutions to improve the effectiveness of legal evidence. This has been popular in developed countries in Europe for many years, and it complements the official manual registration.

版权登记

Copyright registration

关于版权登记。在中国,版权自作品创作完成之日起产生,版权登记不是取得版权的前提条件,但是版权登记证明文件是登记事项的一种初步证明,可以作为主张权利或提出权利纠纷行政处理或诉讼的证明文件。计算机软件,可由中国版权保护中心负责登记;其他具有独创性的作品:文字、美术、摄影、电影、音乐、建筑作品及工程设计图等,可由省版权登记部门负责登记。

About copyright registration. In China, copyright comes into being from the date of the creation of a work. Copyright registration is not a prerequisite for obtaining copyright. However, the certification document of copyright registration is a preliminary proof of the registered items, which can be used as a proof for claiming rights or proposing administrative treatment or litigation of rights disputes. Computer software can be registered by China Copyright Protection Center; other original works, such as words, art, photography, film, music, architectural works and engineering design drawings, can be registered by the provincial copyright registration department.

数字作品版权登记也可以在选择行业协会等第三方平台登记备案或选择基于自主知识产权的包括并不限于数字指纹技术、数字水印技术、反盗载技术、融合可信时间戳技术、公证邮箱等可信第三方群技术的大众版权认证中心进行存证,进行数字作品多纬度智能认证,其科学性需要时,司法鉴定机构可以验证对证。作品如未登记,将产生一些不利后果。

The copyright registration of digital works can also be registered on the third-party platforms such as industry associations, or the public copyright certification center based on independent intellectual property rights, including but not limited to digital fingerprint technology, digital watermarking technology, anti piracy technology, integration of trusted time stamp technology, notarized mailbox and other trusted third-party Group Technologies for digital works multi latitude intelligent authentication When it is necessary for its scientificity, the forensic organ can verify the evidence. If the works are not registered, there will be some adverse consequences.

作品类型

Types of works

可以受版权保护的作品包括小说、诗词、散文、论文、速记记录、数字游戏等文字作品;讲课、演说、布道等口语作品;配词或未配词的音乐作品;戏剧或音乐戏剧作品;哑剧和舞蹈艺术作品、绘画、书法、版画、雕塑、雕刻等美术作品;实用美术作品;建筑艺术作品;摄影艺术作品;游戏作品;电影作品;与地理、地形、建筑 、科学技术有关的示意图 、地图、 设计图、草图和立体作品。

Works that can be protected by copyright include novels, poems, essays, essays, shorthand records, number games and other written works; oral works such as lectures, speeches, sermons; music works with or without words; dramatic or musical dramatic works; pantomime and dance art works, paintings, calligraphy, printmaking, sculpture, sculpture and other art works; practical art works; architectural art works Works; photographic art works; game works; film works; sketch maps, maps, design drawings, sketches and stereoscopic works related to geography, topography, architecture, science and technology.


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