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【速搜问答】什么是高匿代理IP

问答 admin 3年前 (2020-07-22) 646次浏览 已收录 0个评论

汉英对照:
Chinese-English Translation:

高匿代理IP是对来访者进行了很好的伪装,用一个随机的IP代替原来的IP,并且隐藏了使用代理的信息,目标端只对其当做一个普通的来访者来对待,隐匿度最高,所以叫“高匿代理”。

The high concealment proxy IP is a good camouflage for the visitors, replacing the original IP with a random IP, and hiding the information of using the proxy. The target side only treats it as an ordinary visitor, with the highest degree of concealment, so it is called “high concealment agent”.

代理 IP 是一种常见的换 IP 工具,方便且实用。通过使用代理 IP,我们可以实现用新的 IP 来代替自己原来的 IP 访问目标端。

Proxy IP is a common tool for changing IP, which is convenient and practical. By using proxy IP, we can use the new IP to replace the original IP to access the target.

代理 IP 有多种类型,其中按匿名程度可分为三种:透明代理,普匿代理(普通匿名代理)和高匿代理(高级匿名代理)。

There are many types of proxy IP, which can be divided into three types according to the degree of anonymity: transparent proxy, common anonymous proxy and high anonymous proxy.

这三种类型的代理其实非常好区分,从字面上就很容易理解。在使用了代理 IP 访问目标端之后,如果被访问端知道了来访者使用了代理 IP,并且识别出来访者的具体 IP,那么这就是透明代理;如果被访问端知道了来访者使用了代理 IP,但是无法识别出来访者的具体 IP,那么这就是普匿代理;如果被访问端无法识别出来访者是否使用了代理 IP,并且无法识别出来访者的具体 IP,那么这就是高匿代理。

These three types of agents are actually very easy to distinguish and understand literally. After using proxy IP to access the target, if the visited end knows that the client has used the proxy IP and identifies the specific IP address of the visitor, then it is a transparent proxy; if the visited end knows that the client has used the proxy IP, but cannot identify the specific visitor IP, then this is the pervasive proxy; if the visited end cannot identify whether the visitor has used the proxy IP, and cannot identify the specific IP of the visitor, then this is the high concealment agent.

高匿代理对来访者进行了很好的伪装,用一个随机的 IP 代替原来的 IP,并且隐藏了使用代理的信息,目标端只对其当做一个普通的来访者来对待,隐匿度最高,所以叫“高匿代理”。

The high concealment agent camouflages the visitor well, replaces the original IP with a random IP, and hides the information of using the proxy. The target side only treats it as an ordinary visitor, with the highest degree of concealment, so it is called “high concealment agent”.

这三种代理虽然匿名程度不同,但是都有其适用的范围,我们可以根据自己的实际情况进行选择和使用。其中高匿代理的适用范围最广,例如网络爬虫,都是配合使用高匿代理才能保证工作效率。

Although the degree of anonymity of these three agents is different, they all have their scope of application. We can choose and use them according to our actual situation. Among them, the application scope of high concealment agent is the widest, such as web crawler, which can ensure the work efficiency with the use of high concealment agent.

想要减少信息泄露,高匿名代理 IP 是个好选择,为什么这么讲呢?很多时候,我们在上网的过程中,商家都可以获取到我们的信息,造成信息的泄露,面对这种情况,大家怎么看?

In order to reduce information leakage, high anonymous proxy IP is a good choice. Why? Most of the time, in the process of surfing the Internet, businesses can obtain our information, causing information leakage. In the face of this situation, what do you think?

这些个人信息如果是被传送到知名网站或是大型企业的 Web 服务器上,还不会有什么大问题。若是被传送到连是谁开设的网站都不清楚的 Web 服务器上,则会令人深感不安。

If these personal information is transmitted to well-known websites or web servers of large enterprises, there will be no big problem. It can be very disturbing if it’s delivered to a web server that doesn’t even know who started the site.

Web 浏览器传送给 Web 服务器的信息,用行话来说就是“环境变量”。其主要内容为:

The information that a web browser sends to a web server is, in jargon, “environment variables.”. The main contents are as follows:

分配给电脑的 IP 地址(REMOTE_A DDR)和主机名(REMOTE_HOST);

IP address (remote a DDR) and host name (remote host) assigned to the computer;

Web 浏览器所使用的端口序号(REMOTE_PORT);

The serial number of the port used by the web browser (remote port);

Web 浏览器的产品名(HTTP_USER_AGENT);

The product name of the web browser (HTTP user agent);

所浏览过的网站中最新一个的网页地址(HTTP_REFERER)等。

The website address (HTTP reference) of the latest website visited.

上述各项虽然不包含电子邮件地址及姓名等的个人信息,但(1)中的 IP 地址和主机名在安全性方面委实令人难以放心,可是采取什么样的方法才可以遮掩自己的 IP 地址呢?

Although the above items do not include personal information such as e-mail address and name, the security of IP address and host name in (1) is really difficult to be assured, but what kind of method can be taken to cover up your IP address?

解决这个问题其实很简单。只要通过代理服务器(proxy server)访问 Web 服务器即可。代理服务器的作用在于它可替 Web 服务器承受来自各个终端的访问请求。在企业网方面,代理服务器被设置在公司内部的 LAN 与因特网相互链接的部分上。拔号上网时,可使用因特网接驳商提供的代理服务器即可。

Solving this problem is actually very simple. As long as you access the web server through the proxy server. The role of proxy server is that it can accept access requests from various terminals for web server. In the enterprise network, the proxy server is set up on the part of LAN and Internet. When dialing the Internet, you can use the proxy server provided by the Internet connection provider.

所谓的代理是将 REMOTE_ADDR 和 REMOTE_HOST 的数值改写成“代理”本身的 IP 地址和主机名,所以只要使用代理服务器,您的 IP 地址和主机名在因特网上是不会被他人所知的。此外代理服务器大都兼有高速缓冲存储(cache)功能,可将一次性收到的信息进行分类收藏,所以通过代理服务器可提高网页(web page)的显示速度。如果您还没有设定经由“代理”上网的话,不妨一试

The so-called proxy is to rewrite the values of remote addr and remote host into the IP address and host name of the “agent”. Therefore, as long as the proxy server is used, your IP address and host name will not be known to others on the Internet. In addition, most proxy servers have the function of cache, which can classify and collect the information received at one time, so the display speed of web page can be improved by proxy server. If you haven’t set up a proxy to access the Internet, try it

但是,也有一些代理服务器是专门用其他的环境变量(HTTP_X_FORWARDED_FOR)来传送被遮掩前的 IP 地址的。此时即便是经由“代理”上网,您的 IP 地址还是会在因特网上泄露给别人。

However, some proxy servers use other environment variables (HTTP x forwarded for) to transfer the IP address before being masked. At this time, even through the “proxy” Internet, your IP address will still be leaked to others on the Internet.


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