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【速搜问答】工艺流程是什么

问答 admin 3年前 (2020-07-21) 523次浏览 已收录 0个评论

汉英对照:
Chinese-English Translation:

工艺流程亦称“加工流程”或“生产流程”。指通过一定的生产设备或管道,从原材料投入到成品产出,按顺序连续进行加工的全过程。工艺流程是由工业企业的生产技术条件和产品的生产技术特点决定的。

Process flow is also called “processing flow” or “production process”. It refers to the whole process of continuous processing from raw material input to finished product output through a certain production equipment or pipeline. The technological process is determined by the production technical conditions of industrial enterprises and the production technical characteristics of products.

工艺流程亦称“加工流程”或“生产流程”。指通过一定的生产设备或管道,从原材料投入到成品产出,按顺序连续进行加工的全过程。工艺流程是由工业企业的生产技术条件和产品的生产技术特点决定的。

Process flow is also called “processing flow” or “production process”. It refers to the whole process of continuous processing from raw material input to finished product output through a certain production equipment or pipeline. The technological process is determined by the production technical conditions of industrial enterprises and the production technical characteristics of products.

一个完整的工艺流程,通常包括若干道工序。如镶贴砖石工程中,一般要经过拌合砂浆、砖块浸水、打底、贴砖、平缝、表面清扫等工艺过程。可见,工艺流程的基本内容,就是工人利用劳动工具,改变劳动对象的形状、大小、位置、成分、性能等,使其成为预期产品。

A complete process flow usually includes several processes. If inlaid masonry project, generally through mixing mortar, brick soaking, priming, tiling, flat joint, surface cleaning and other process. It can be seen that the basic content of technological process is that workers use labor tools to change the shape, size, position, composition and performance of labor objects to make them become expected products.

定义

definition

生产工艺流程,是指在生产过程中,劳动者利用生产工具将各种原材料、半成品通过一定的设备、按照一定的顺序连续进行加工,最终使之成为成品的方法与过程。原则是:技术先进和经济上的合理。由于不同的工厂的设备生产能力、精度以及工人熟练程度等因素都大不相同,所以对于同一种产品而言,不同的工厂制定的工艺可能是不同的;甚至同一个工厂在不同的时期做的工艺也可能不同。

Production process refers to the method and process in which workers use production tools to process various raw materials and semi-finished products through certain equipment and in a certain sequence, and finally make them into finished products. The principle is: advanced technology and reasonable economy. Because the production capacity, accuracy and proficiency of workers in different factories are quite different, the processes formulated by different factories may be different for the same product, and even the same factory may have different processes in different periods.

基本要素

Basic elements

生产工艺流程就是产品从原材料到成品的制作过程中要素的组合。包含输入资源、活动、活动的相互作用(即结构)、输出结果、顾客、价值六大方面。以啤酒生产工艺流程为例,输入资源包括原材料(麦芽大米),活动及活动间的相互作用包括人员与设备辅助支持所产生的各种反应和变化,最后才能输出结果(啤酒),并指向一定的顾客,产品生产最终具有了相应的价值。

Production process is the combination of elements in the production process from raw materials to finished products. It includes input resources, activities, interaction of activities (i.e. structure), output results, customers and value. Taking the beer production process as an example, the input resources include raw materials (MALT rice), the activities and the interaction among activities include various reactions and changes caused by the auxiliary support of personnel and equipment. Finally, the results (beer) can be output and pointed to certain customers. Finally, the product production has corresponding value.

流程设计

process design

流程工艺流程设计由专业的工艺人员完成,设计过程中要考虑流程的合理性、经济性、可操作性、可控制等各个方面,生产工艺流程设计的内容主要有:

In the design process, the rationality and feasibility of design process should be considered

组织和分析

Organization and analysis

即说明生产过程中物料和能量发生的变化及流向,应用了哪些生物反应或化工过程及设备,确定产品的各个生产过程及顺序。该部分工作内容通常称为过程设计。流程的组织包括以下几个基本要求:

That is to explain the change and flow direction of materials and energy in the production process, which biological reaction or chemical process and equipment are applied, and determine the production process and sequence of products. This part of the work is usually called process design. The organization of the process includes the following basic requirements:

1、能满足产品的质量和数量指标

1. It can meet the quality and quantity index of products

2、具有经济性

2. It is economical

3、具有合理性

3. It is reasonable

4、符合环保要求

4. Meet environmental requirements

5、过程可操作

5. The process is operational

6、过程可控制

6. Process controllable

我国工艺流程设计越来越注重以下几个方面:

More and more attention has been paid to the following aspects in process design in China

1、尽量采用成熟的、先进的技术和设备;

1. Try to adopt mature and advanced technology and equipment;

2、尽量减少三废排放量,有完善的三废治理措施,减少或消除对环境的污染,并做好三废的回收和综合利用;

2. We should try our best to reduce the discharge of the three wastes, have perfect treatment measures, reduce or eliminate the pollution to the environment, and do a good job in the recovery and comprehensive utilization of the three wastes;

3、确保安全生产,以保证人身和设备的安全;

3. Ensure safe production to ensure the safety of personnel and equipment;

4、尽量采用机械化和自动化,实现稳产,高产。

4. Mechanization and automation should be adopted as far as possible to achieve stable and high yield.

流程管理

Process management

生产工艺流程管理主要包括:

Production process management mainly includes:

1、生产工艺流程优化机制

1. Optimization mechanism of production process

生产工艺流程并不是稳定不变的,随着技术的不断变化,人员的能动性能相应给工艺的改进提出更合理的建议,每一个细节的变更都可能对整个工艺流程的优化产生良好的效果。企业应创建相应的生产工艺流程优化机制。

The production process is not stable. With the continuous change of technology, the dynamic performance of personnel puts forward more reasonable suggestions for process improvement. Every detail change may produce good effect on the optimization of the whole process. Enterprises should establish corresponding optimization mechanism of production process.

2、生产工艺流程各环节的协调

2. Coordination of all links in production process

主要有生产工艺流程相关各部门间的安排与协调等。产品实现的过程中涉及的部门与环节非常广,相关部门的管理者既需要清楚本部门在产品实现的过程中承担哪些责任,同时还须掌握必要的方法和工具,才能保证整个生产工艺流程的顺畅及高效。

It mainly includes the arrangement and coordination among the departments related to the production process. The process of product realization involves a wide range of departments and links. The managers of relevant departments should not only know what responsibilities the Department takes in the process of product realization, but also master the necessary methods and tools to ensure the smooth and efficient production process.

3、生产工艺流程管控

3. Production process control

设备是否老化?人员安全是否有保障?关键控制点状态如何?生产工艺流程的管控涉及到整个工艺过程的多个方面。企业必须形成规范的管控机制,降低风险。

Is the equipment aging? Is personnel safety guaranteed? What is the status of critical control points? The control of production process involves many aspects of the whole process. Enterprises must form a standardized management and control mechanism to reduce risks.

具体实例

Specific examples

钣金流程

Sheet metal process

1 领料-2 取料-3 冲孔-4 折弯-5 焊接-6 打磨-7 检测-8 喷塑-9 半成品检测-10 入库。喷涂流程:喷底漆→面漆→罩光漆→烘烤(180-250℃)→质检.

1 picking – 2 reclaiming – 3 punching – 4 bending – 5 welding – 6 grinding – 7 testing – 8 spraying – 9 semi – finished products testing – 10 warehousing. Spraying process: spraying primer → topcoat → finishing coat → baking (180-250 ℃) → quality inspection

机加工工艺流程:毛坯进库-毛坯加工-精加工-半成品检验-安装-成品检验-包装-物流

Machining process: blank warehousing – blank processing – finishing – semi – finished product inspection – Installation – finished product inspection – Packaging – logistics


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