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【速搜问答】NOI Linux是什么

问答 admin 3年前 (2020-07-20) 799次浏览 已收录 0个评论

汉英对照:
Chinese-English Translation:

NOI Linux是NOI竞赛委员会基于Ubuntu操作系统和x86架构开发的一款Linux桌面发行版,是一套免费的、专门为信息学奥林匹克竞赛选手设计的操作系统,是NOI系列赛事指定操作系统,适用于常见笔记本电脑和桌面电脑。

Noi Linux is a Linux Desktop distribution developed by the noi competition committee based on the Ubuntu operating system and x86 architecture. It is a set of free operating system specially designed for the Olympians of informatics. It is the designated operating system of noi series events, which is suitable for common notebook computers and desktop computers.

NOI Linux 是 NOI 竞赛委员会基于 Ubuntu 操作系统和 x86 架构开发的一款 Linux 桌面发行版,是一套免费的、专门为信息学奥林匹克竞赛选手设计的操作系统,是 NOI 系列赛事指定操作系统,适用于常见笔记本电脑和桌面电脑。

Noi Linux is a Linux Desktop distribution developed by the noi competition committee based on the Ubuntu operating system and x86 architecture. It is a set of free operating system specially designed for the Olympians of informatics. It is the designated operating system of noi series events, which is suitable for common notebook computers and desktop computers.

NOI Linux 是一个专为 NOI 系列赛事定制的 Linux 发行版 ,集成了 NOI 系列赛事所需的各种编程环境。

Noi Linux is a customized Linux distribution for noi series events, which integrates various programming environments required by noi series events.

NOI Linux 是 NOI 系列赛事标准比赛环境和测评环境 ,除 NOIP 外的 NOI 系列赛事必须使用 NOI Linux 作为比赛环境和测评环境。NOIP 中各省可根据实际情况决定使用其它操作系统作为比赛环境,但全国统一评测时,一律在 NOI Linux 下进行评测 。

Noi Linux is the standard competition environment and evaluation environment of noi series events. Except noip, noi Linux must be used as the competition environment and evaluation environment for noi series events. The provinces in noip can decide to use other operating systems as the competition environment according to the actual situation, but when the national unified evaluation is carried out, they are all evaluated under noi Linux.

平时用的电脑系统一般都是 windows,就是大家买电脑时默认带的微软的操作系统,另外一种是 macOS,这个苹果公司专为苹果的 mac 电脑设计的笔记本电脑系统,也是我现在主力使用系统,而另外一种则为 linux,这是一种不为大众熟知的操作系统,一般在程序员的圈里比较流行,因其开源的特性以及完整易装的开发环境而收到广大开发人员的喜爱。

The computer system usually used is windows, which is the Microsoft operating system that you bring by default when you buy a computer. The other is Mac OS. This notebook computer system designed by Apple company for Apple’s Mac computer is also my main use system now, and the other is Mac OS Linux, which is not well known to the public, is generally popular in the circle of programmers. Because of its open source features and the complete easy to install development environment, it is loved by the majority of developers.

而在竞赛中,如果参赛者使用的电脑硬件不同,操作系统不同,开发工具不同,那很多有可能每个人的源码不同,提交的文件不同,代码运行的效率不同,而且还可能会出现因环境不同而出现 bug,如何才能避免因为非技术原因而产生的纠纷,那就是统一硬件,统一操作系统,统一开发环境。

In the competition, if the competitors use different computer hardware, different operating systems and different development tools, it is likely that everyone’s source code is different, the submitted files are different, and the efficiency of code operation is different. Moreover, it may appear due to different environments Bug, how can we avoid disputes caused by non-technical reasons, that is, unified hardware, unified operating system, unified development environment.

所以 NOI 竞赛委员会统一使用了由南京航空航天大学的 GAIT 编译的 NOI Linux 系统,上机操作由竞委会统一配置电脑,开发 IDE 为 NOILinux 内嵌的 GUIDE 和 Anjuta, Pascal 语言在 2020 年将会取消,这里就不说它的开发工具了。

Therefore, the noi competition committee has uniformly used the noi Linux system compiled by gait of Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics. The computer is configured by the competition committee in a unified way. The IDE is developed as guide and anjuta embedded in noilinx. PASCAL language will be cancelled in 2020, so its development tools will not be mentioned here.


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