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【速搜问答】CPI是什么意思

问答 admin 3周前 (07-13) 29次浏览 已收录 0个评论

汉英对照:
Chinese-English Translation:

CPI是居民消费价格指数,是政府用来衡量通货膨胀的一个数据,是一个反映城乡居民家庭一般所购买的消费商品和服务价格水平变动情况的宏观经济指标。

CPI is the consumer price index. It is a data used by the government to measure inflation. It is also a macroeconomic indicator reflecting the changes in the price level of consumer goods and services generally purchased by urban and rural households.

CPI 是居民消费价格指数,是政府用来衡量通货膨胀的一个数据,是一个反映城乡居民家庭一般所购买的消费商品和服务价格水平变动情况的宏观经济指标。

CPI is the consumer price index. It is a data used by the government to measure inflation. It is also a macroeconomic indicator reflecting the changes in the price level of consumer goods and services generally purchased by urban and rural households.

1、CPI 是居民消费价格指数(consumer price index)的简称。居民消费价格指数,是一个反映居民家庭一般所购买的消费品和服务项目价格水平变动情况的宏观经济指标。

1. CPI is the abbreviation of consumer price index. Consumer price index (CPI) is a macroeconomic indicator that reflects the price changes of consumer goods and services purchased by households.

2、它是在特定时段内度量一组代表性消费商品及服务项目的价格水平随时间而变动的相对数,是用来反映居民家庭购买消费商品及服务的价格水平的变动情况。

2. It is a relative number that measures the price level of a group of representative consumer goods and services over time in a specific period of time. It is used to reflect the changes in the price level of consumer goods and services purchased by households.

3、居民消费价格统计调查的是社会产品和服务项目的最终价格,一方面同人民群众的生活密切相关,同时在整个国民经济价格体系中也具有重要的地位。它是进行经济分析和决策、价格总水平监测和调控及国民经济核算的重要指标。

3. Consumer price statistics survey is the final price of social products and services. On the one hand, it is closely related to the people’s life, and also plays an important role in the price system of the whole national economy. It is an important indicator for economic analysis and decision-making, monitoring and control of the general price level and national economic accounting.

4、其变动率在一定程度上反映了通货膨胀或紧缩的程度。一般来讲,物价全面地、变化对比、持续地上涨就被认为发生了通货膨胀。

4. The rate of change reflects the degree of inflation or deflation to a certain extent. Generally speaking, inflation is considered to have occurred if the prices rise comprehensively, in contrast to changes and continuously.

5、CPI (Consumer Price Index 物价指数) 是政府用来衡量通货膨胀的其中一个数据.通俗的讲,CPI 就是市场上的货物价格增长百分比.一般市场经济国家认为 CPI 在 2-3%属于可接受范围内,当然还要看其他数据.个人认为 CPI 过高始终不是好事,高速经济增长率会拉高 CPI,但物价指数增长速度快过人民平均收入的增长速度就一定不是好事,而一般平均工资的增长速度很难超越 3-4%。

5. CPI (consumer price index) is one of the data used by the government to measure inflation. Generally speaking, CPI is the percentage of goods price growth in the market. Generally speaking, market economy countries think that CPI is within the acceptable range of 2-3%, of course, it depends on other data, But it is certainly not a good thing that the price index grows faster than the average income of the people, and the average wage growth rate is very difficult to exceed 3-4%.

CPI 编制目的

Purpose of CPI compilation

1、CPI 是反映与居民生活有关的消费品及服务价格水平的变动情况的重要宏观经济指标,也是宏观经济分析与决策以及国民经济核算的重要指标。一般来说,CPI 的高低直接影响着国家的宏观经济调控措施的出台与力度,如央行是否调息、是否调整存款准备金率等。同时,CPI 的高低也间接影响资本市场(如股票市场、期货市场、资本市场、金融市场)的变化。

1. CPI is an important macroeconomic indicator reflecting the changes of consumer goods and services related to residents’ life, and also an important indicator for macroeconomic analysis and decision-making as well as national economic accounting. Generally speaking, the level of CPI has a direct impact on the introduction and strength of macroeconomic control measures, such as whether the central bank adjusts interest rates and whether to adjust the deposit reserve ratio. At the same time, CPI also indirectly affects the changes of capital market (such as stock market, futures market, capital market and financial market).

2、编制居民消费价格指数的目的,是了解全国各地价格变动的基本情况,分析研究价格变动对社会经济和居民生活的影响,满足各级政府制定政策和计划、进行宏观调控的需要,以及为国民经济核算提供参考和依据。

2. The purpose of compiling consumer price index is to understand the basic situation of price changes in all parts of the country, analyze and study the impact of price changes on social economy and residents’ lives, meet the needs of governments at all levels to formulate policies and plans, carry out macro-control, and provide reference and basis for national economic calculation.

3、消费者物价指数(CPI)与就业形势报告(非农)结合在一起,就成了金融市场上被仔细研究的另一个热门的经济指标,因为通货膨胀影响着每一个人,它决定着消费者花费多少来购买商品和服务,左右着商业经营的成本,极大地破坏着个人或企业的投资,影响着退休人员的生活质量。而且,对通货膨胀的展望有助于设立劳动合同和制定政府的财政政策。

3. The combination of consumer price index (CPI) and employment situation report (non-agricultural) has become another hot economic indicator that has been carefully studied in the financial market. Because inflation affects everyone, it determines how much consumers spend to buy goods and services, affects the cost of business operation, and greatly damages the investment of individuals or enterprises The quality of life of retirees. Moreover, the prospect of inflation helps to set up labor contracts and formulate government fiscal policies.

4、消费者物价指数测量的是随着时间的变化,包括 200 多种各式各样的商品和服务零售价格的平均变化值。这 200 多种商品和服务被分为 8 个主要的类别。在计算消费者物价指数时,每一个类别都有一个能显示其重要性的权数。这些权数是通过向成千上万的家庭和个人,调查他们购买的产品和服务而确定的。权数每两年修正一次,以使它们与人们改变了的偏好相符。

4. The CPI measures changes over time, including the average change in retail prices of more than 200 different types of goods and services. The more than 200 goods and services are divided into eight major categories. In calculating the CPI, each category has a weight that shows its importance. These weights are determined by investigating the products and services purchased by thousands of families and individuals. Weights are revised every two years to match people’s changed preferences.

CPI 功能影响

CPI function impact

1、度量通货膨胀(通货紧缩)

1. Measuring inflation (deflation)

CPI 是度量通货膨胀的一个重要指标。通货膨胀是物价水平普遍而持续的上升。CPI 的高低可以在一定水平上说明通货膨胀的严重程度。

CPI is an important index to measure inflation. Inflation is a general and sustained rise in the price level. The level of CPI can explain the severity of inflation to a certain extent.

2、国民经济核算

2. National Accounts

在国民经济核算中,需要各种价格指数。如消费者价格指数(CPI)、生产者价格指数(PPI)以及 GDP 平减指数,对 GDP 进行核算,从而剔除价格因素的影响。

In national economic accounting, various price indexes are needed. For example, consumer price index (CPI), producer price index (PPI) and GDP deflator index are used to calculate GDP and eliminate the influence of price factors.

3、契约指数化调整

3. Contract indexation adjustment

例如在薪资报酬谈判中,因为雇员希望薪资(名义)增长能相等或高于 CPI,希望名义薪资会随 CPI 的升高自动调整等。其调整之时机通常于通货膨胀发生之后,幅度较实际通货膨胀率为低。

For example, in the negotiation of salary and remuneration, employees hope that the (nominal) increase of salary will be equal to or higher than CPI, and the nominal salary will be adjusted automatically with the increase of CPI. The timing of adjustment is usually after inflation, and the range is lower than the actual inflation rate.

4、反映货币购买力变动

4. Reflecting changes in the purchasing power of money

货币购买力是指单位货币能够购买到的消费品和服务的数量。消费者物价指数上涨,货币购买力则下降;反之则上升。消费者物价指数的倒数就是货币购买力指数。

The purchasing power of money refers to the quantity of consumer goods and services that can be purchased by unit currency. When the consumer price index rises, the purchasing power of money decreases; otherwise, it increases. The reciprocal of the consumer price index is the purchasing power index of money.

5、反映对职工实际工资的影响

5. Reflect the impact on the actual wages of employees

消费者物价指数的提高意味着实际工资的减少,消费者物价指数的下降意味着实际工资的提高。因此,可利用消费者物价指数将名义工资转化为实际工资。

The increase of CPI means the decrease of real wage, and the decrease of CPI means the increase of real wage. Therefore, we can use the CPI to convert nominal wages into real wages.

6、CPI 对股市的影响

6. The impact of CPI on stock market

一般情况下,物价上涨,股价上涨;物价下跌,股价也下跌。

Generally speaking, when prices rise, stock prices rise; when prices fall, stock prices fall.


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