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【速搜问答】什么是代码编程

问答 admin 3年前 (2020-06-19) 526次浏览 已收录 0个评论

汉英对照:
Chinese-English Translation:

代码编程是编定程序的中文简称,就是让计算机代为解决某个问题,对某个计算体系规定一定的运算方式,使计算体系按照该计算方式运行,并最终得到相应结果的过程。

Code programming is the Chinese abbreviation of programming. It is the process of making a computer solve a problem, specifying a certain calculation method for a calculation system, making the calculation system run according to the calculation method, and finally getting the corresponding results.

代码编程是编定程序的中文简称,就是让计算机代为解决某个问题,对某个计算体系规定一定的运算方式,使计算体系按照该计算方式运行,并最终得到相应结果的过程。

Code programming is the Chinese abbreviation of programming. It is the process of making a computer solve a problem, specifying a certain calculation method for a calculation system, making the calculation system run according to the calculation method, and finally getting the corresponding results.

为了使计算机能够理解(understand)人的意图,人类就必须将需解决的问题的思路、方法和手段通过计算机能够理解的形式告诉计算机,使得计算机能够根据人的指令一步一步去工作,完成某种特定的任务。这种人和计算体系之间交流的过程就是编程。

In order to make computers understand people’s intentions, people must tell computers the ideas, methods and means of the problems to be solved in the form that computers can understand, so that computers can work step by step according to people’s instructions and complete a specific task. The process of communication between people and computing systems is programming.

编程:设计具备逻辑流动作用的一种“可控体系”【注:编程不一定是针对计算机程序而言的,针对具备逻辑计算力的体系,都可以算编程。】

Programming: design a “controllable system” with the function of logic flow [Note: programming is not necessarily for computer programs, but for systems with logic computing power, it can be calculated as programming. ]

代码就是程序员用开发工具所支持的语言写出来的源文件,是一组由字符、符号或信号码元以离散形式表示信息的明确的规则体系。代码设计的原则包括唯一确定性、标准化和通用性、可扩充性与稳定性、便于识别与记忆、力求短小与格式统一以及容易修改等。 源代码是代码的分支,某种意义上来说,源代码相当于代码。现代程序语言中,源代码可以书籍或磁带形式出现,但最为常用格式是文本文件,这种典型格式的目的是为了编译出计算机程序。计算机源代码最终目的是将人类可读文本翻译成为计算机可执行的二进制指令,这种过程叫编译,它由通过编译器完成。

The code is the source file written by the programmer in the language supported by the development tool. It is a set of clear rules system that represents information in discrete form by characters, symbols or signal symbols. The principles of code design include uniqueness, standardization and generality, extensibility and stability, easy identification and memory, striving to be short and uniform in format and easy to modify, etc. Source code is a branch of code. In a sense, source code is equivalent to code. In modern programming languages, source code can appear in the form of books or tapes, but the most commonly used format is text file, which is a typical format for compiling computer programs. The ultimate purpose of computer source code is to translate human readable text into computer executable binary instructions. This process is called compilation, which is completed by compiler.

在计算机系统中,一条机器指令规定了计算机系统的一个特定动作。一个系列的计算机在硬件设计制造时就用了若干指令规定了该系列计算机能够进行的基本操作,这些指令一起构成了该系列计算机的指令系统。在计算机应用的初期,程序员使用机器的指令系统来编写计算机应用程序,这种程序称为机器语言程序。使用机器语言编写的程序,由于每条指令都对应计算机一个特定的基本动作,所以程序占用内存少、执行效率高。缺点也很明显,如:编程工作量大,容易出错;依赖具体的计算机体系,因而程序的通用性、移植性都很差。

In a computer system, a machine instruction specifies a specific action of the computer system. When a series of computers are designed and manufactured, several instructions are used to regulate the basic operations that the series of computers can carry out. Together, these instructions constitute the instruction system of the series of computers. In the early days of computer application, programmers used the instruction system of machine to write computer application programs, which are called machine language programs. Programs written in machine language take up less memory and have high efficiency because each instruction corresponds to a specific basic action of the computer. The disadvantages are also obvious, such as: heavy programming workload, easy to make mistakes; relying on specific computer system, so the universality and portability of the program are very poor.


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