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【速搜问答】rom中文译名是什么

问答 admin 3年前 (2020-06-19) 810次浏览 已收录 0个评论

汉英对照:
Chinese-English Translation:

ROM(Read-Only Memory)中文译名为只读存储器。以非破坏性读出方式工作,只能读出无法写入信息。信息一旦写入后就固定下来,即使切断电源,信息也不会丢失,所以又称为固定存储器。

ROM (read only memory) is translated as read-only memory in Chinese. It works in a non-destructive read-out mode and can only read out information that cannot be written. Once the information is written, it will be fixed. Even if the power is cut off, the information will not be lost, so it is also called fixed memory.

ROM(Read-Only Memory)中文译名为只读存储器。以非破坏性读出方式工作,只能读出无法写入信息。信息一旦写入后就固定下来,即使切断电源,信息也不会丢失,所以又称为固定存储器。

ROM (read only memory) is translated as read-only memory. It works in a non-destructive read-out mode and can only read out information that cannot be written. Once the information is written, it will be fixed. Even if the power is cut off, the information will not be lost, so it is also called fixed memory.

ROM 所存数据通常是装入整机前写入的,整机工作过程中只能读出,不像随机存储器能快速方便地改写存储内容。ROM 所存数据稳定 ,断电后所存数据也不会改变,并且结构较简单,使用方便,因而常用于存储各种固定程序和数据。

The data stored in ROM is usually written before being loaded into the whole machine, and can only be read out during the whole machine working process, unlike ram, which can quickly and conveniently rewrite the storage content. The data stored in ROM is stable, and will not be changed after power failure, and the structure is simple and easy to use, so it is often used to store various fixed programs and data.

除少数种类的只读存储器(如字符发生器)可通用之外,不同种类的只读存储器功能不同。为便于用户使用和大批量生产,进一步发展出可编程只读存储器(PROM)、可擦可编程序只读存储器(EPROM)和带电可擦可编程只读存储器(EEPROM)等不同的种类。ROM 应用广泛,诸如 Apple II 或 IBM PC XT/AT 等早期个人电脑的开机程序(操作系统)或是其他各种微电脑系统中的轫体(Firmware),所使用的硬件都是 ROM。

Except for a few kinds of read-only memory (such as character generator), different kinds of read-only memory have different functions. For the convenience of users and mass production, different kinds of PROM, EPROM and EEPROM have been developed. ROM is widely used, such as Apple II or IBM PC XT / at and other early personal computer boot program (operating system) or other various micro-computer system firmware, the hardware used is ROM.

只读存储器的特点是只能读出而不能写入信息,通常在电脑主板的 ROM 里面固化一个基本输入/输出系统,称为 BIOS(基本输入输出系统)。其主要作用是完成对系统的加电自检、系统中各功能模块的初始化、系统的基本输入/输出的驱动程序及引导操作系统。

Read only memory can only read but not write information. Generally, a basic I / O system is solidified in the ROM of the main board of the computer, which is called BIOS (basic I / O system). Its main function is to complete the power on self-test of the system, initialization of various functional modules in the system, basic input / output drivers of the system and guide the operating system.


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