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【速搜问答】网页是什么

问答 admin 3年前 (2020-06-19) 619次浏览 已收录 0个评论

汉英对照:
Chinese-English Translation:

网页是构成网站的基本元素,是承载各种网站应用的平台。通俗地说,您的网站就是由网页组成的,如果您只有域名和虚拟主机而没有制作任何网页的话,您的客户仍旧无法访问您的网站。

Web page is the basic element of a website, and it is a platform for carrying various website applications. Generally speaking, your website is composed of web pages. If you only have domain names and virtual hosts and do not make any web pages, your customers still cannot access your website.

网页是构成网站的基本元素,是承载各种网站应用的平台。通俗地说,您的网站就是由网页组成的,如果您只有域名和虚拟主机而没有制作任何网页的话,您的客户仍旧无法访问您的网站。

Web page is the basic element of a website, and it is a platform for carrying various website applications. Generally speaking, your website is composed of web pages. If you only have domain names and virtual hosts and do not make any web pages, your customers still cannot access your website.

网页是一个包含 HTML 标签的纯文本文件,它可以存放在世界某个角落的某一台计算机中,是万维网中的一“页”,是超文本标记语言格式(标准通用标记语言的一个应用,文件扩展名为.html 或.htm)。网页通常用图像档来提供图画。网页要通过网页浏览器来阅读。

Web page is a plain text file containing HTML tags, which can be stored in a computer in a corner of the world. It is a “page” in the world wide web, and it is a hypertext markup language format (an application of standard general markup language, with the file extension of. HTML or. Htm). Web pages usually use image files to provide pictures. The web page should be read through a web browser.

主流代码布局

Mainstream code layout

原来是以表格来定位,现在是 DIV(区)+CSS(0.0)。

It used to be located in a table. Now it’s div + CSS (0.0).

构成

constitute

文字与图片是构成一个网页的两个最基本的元素。你可以简单地理解为:文字,就是网页的内容。图片,就是网页的美观。除此之外,网页的元素还包括动画、音乐、程序等等。

Text and picture are the two most basic elements of a web page. You can simply understand it as: text is the content of the web page. Picture is the beauty of the web page. In addition, the elements of a web page include animation, music, programs, and so on.

在网页上点击鼠标右键,选择菜单中的 “查看源文件” ,就可以通过记事本看到网页的实际内容。可以看到网页实际上只是一个纯文本文件。它通过各式各样的标记对页面上的文字、图片、表格、声音等元素进行描述(例如字体、颜色、大小),而浏览器则对这些标记进行解释并生成页面,于是就得到你现在所看到的画面。 为什么在源文件看不到任何图片? 网页文件中存放的只是图片的链接位置,而图片文件与网页文件是互相独立存放的,甚至可以不在同一台计算机上。

Click the right mouse button on the web page and select “view source file” in the menu to view the actual content of the web page through Notepad. You can see that the web page is actually just a plain text file. It describes the text, picture, table, sound and other elements (such as font, color, size) on the page through various tags, while the browser interprets these tags and generates the page, so you can get the picture you see now. Why can’t I see any pictures in the source file? The web file only stores the link location of the picture, and the picture file and the web file are stored independently of each other, or even not on the same computer.

网页通常有以下元素:

Web pages usually have the following elements:

文字资料图像档案 Applet(在页面内执行的副程式)超链结网页的合成体为网站,一个网站的开始点为首页。

Text image file applet (a side program running within a page) the composition of a hyperlink page is a website, and the starting point of a website is the homepage.

记录功能

Recording function

当你每次上网时,都会在历史记录里留下记录,并且被保存在浏览器的缓存文件夹里,删除时只要右键删除就可以了。

When you surf the Internet every time, you will leave a record in the history, and it will be saved in the browser’s cache folder. When you delete it, just right-click to delete it.

网页游戏

Web games

从 08 年开始,国内网页游戏开始不断兴起,网页游戏(Webgame)又称 Web 游戏,无端网游,简称页游。网页游戏也是需要重视水平的,如音效的筛选、恰到好处的乐曲与音效搭配、以及良好的结构平台等等,有了这些元素,才能做出一个好的网页游戏,同时也会引来更多的浏览人数。网页游戏的出现让中国进入了一个新的网络游戏平台,也进入了一个页游发展的竞争时代。

Since 2008, the domestic web games began to rise. Web games, also known as web games, are called “page Games” for short. Web games also need to pay attention to the level, such as the selection of sound effects, proper music and sound effects matching, as well as a good structural platform, and so on. With these elements, we can make a good web game, and also attract more visitors. The emergence of Web Games has brought China into a new online game platform and a competitive era for the development of web games.

元素

element

感知信息

Perceptual information

文本:文本是网页上最重要的信息载体和交流工具,网页中的主要信息一般都以文本形式为主。

Text: text is the most important information carrier and communication tool on the web page. The main information in the web page is generally in the form of text.

图像:图像元素在网页中具有提供信息并展示直观形象的作用。

Image: image element can provide information and display visual image in web page.

静态图像:在页面中可能是光栅图形或矢量图形。通常为 GIF,JPEG 或 PNG;或矢量格式,如 SVG 或 Flash。

Still image: it may be raster or vector in the page. Usually GIF, JPEG or PNG; or vector format, such as SVG or flash.

动画图像:通常动画为 GIF 和 SVG。

Animation image: usually the animation is GIF and SVG.

三、Flash 动画:动画在网页中的作用是有效地吸引访问者更多的注意。

3、 Flash animation: the role of animation in web pages is to effectively attract more attention of visitors.

四、声音:声音是多媒体和视频网页重要的组成部分。

4、 Sound: sound is an important part of multimedia and video web pages.

五、视频:视频文件的采用是网页效果更加精彩且富有动感。

5、 Video: the use of video files is to make web pages more exciting and dynamic.

六、表格:表格是在网页中用来控制面业信息的布局方式。

6、 Table: a table is a layout method used to control the information in a web page.

七、导航栏:导航栏在网页中是一组超链接,其连接的目的端是网页中重要的页面。

7、 Navigation bar: the navigation bar is a set of hyperlinks in the web page, and the destination of its connection is an important page in the web page.

八、交互式表单:表单在网页中通常用来联系数据库并接受访问用户在浏览器端输入的数据。利用服务器的数据库为客户端与服务器端提供更多的互动。

8、 Interactive forms: forms are commonly used in web pages to contact databases and accept data entered by users on the browser side. Use the database of the server to provide more interaction between the client and the server.

分类

classification

静态页

Static page

静态网页,其内容是预先确定的,并存储在 Web 服务器或者本地计算机/服务器之上。

A static web page whose content is predetermined and stored on a web server or local computer / server.

特点:

characteristic:

制作速度快,成本低。

Fast production speed and low cost.

模板一旦确定下来,不容易修改,更新比较费时费事。

Once the template is determined, it is not easy to modify, and updating is time-consuming and time-consuming.

常用于制作一些固定板式的页面。

Often used to make some fixed plate page.

通常用于文本和图像组成,常用于子页面的内容介绍。

Usually used for text and image composition, often used for content introduction of sub pages.

对服务器性能要求较低,但对存储压力相对较大。

The performance of the server is low, but the storage pressure is relatively large.

设计要点

Key points of design

网页设计的两大要点是:整体风格和色彩搭配。

The two main points of web design are: overall style and color matching.

整体风格

Overall style

网站的整体风格及其创意设计是最难以学习的,难就难在没有一个固定的模式可以参照和模仿。给你一个主题,任何两人都不可能设计出完全一样的网站。

The whole style of the website and its creative design are the most difficult to learn, and the difficulty is that there is no fixed model to reference and imitate. To give you a theme, no two people can design exactly the same website.

风格(style)是抽象的。是指站点的整体形象给浏览者的综合感受。这个“整体形象”包括站点的 CI(标志、色彩、字体、标语)、版面布局、浏览方式、交互性、文字、语气、内容价值、存在意义、站点荣誉等等诸多因素。举个例子:我们觉得网易是平易近人的,迪斯尼是生动活泼的。IBM 是专业严肃的,这些都是网站给人们留下的不同感受。

Style is abstract. Refers to the overall image of the site to the overall experience of visitors. This “overall image” includes CI (logo, color, font, slogan), layout, browsing mode, interactivity, text, tone, content value, existence significance, site honor and many other factors. For example: we think Netease is approachable and Disney is lively. IBM is professional and serious. These are different feelings left by the website.

在这里,一些参考经验:

Here, some reference experience:

将你的标志,尽可能的放在每个页面上最突出的位置。

Put your logo in the most prominent position on each page as much as possible.

突出你的标准色彩。

Highlight your standard colors.

总结一句能反映贵站精髓的宣传标语!

Summarize a slogan that can reflect the essence of your station!

相同类型的图像采用相同效果,比如说标题字都采用阴影效果,那么在网站中出现的所有标题字的阴影效果的设置应该是完全一致的!

The same effect is used for the same type of image, for example, the shadow effect is used for the title words, so the setting of the shadow effect of all the title words appearing in the website should be exactly the same!

排版问题

Typesetting problems

字间距太挤或太宽。

Word spacing is too crowded or too wide.

行距太小或太大。

Line spacing is too small or too large.

段距太少或太多。

Too few or too many segments.

每行字数太多或太少。

Too many or too few words per line.

设计工具

design tool

一、Amaya(单位:万维网联盟)用于编辑 HTML、CSS、数学标记语言、可缩放矢量图形的工具

1、 Amaya (World Wide Web Consortium) tools for editing HTML, CSS, mathematical markup language, scalable vector graphics

二、Dreamweaver(单位:奥多比)用于编辑 HTML、ASP、JSP、PHP 的辅助工具

2、 Dreamweaver (unit: Adobe) is an auxiliary tool for editing HTML, ASP, JSP and PHP

三、Frontpage(单位:微软)跟 Dreamweaver 一样。

3、 Frontpage (Microsoft) is the same as Dreamweaver.

四、FLASH(单位:奥多比)网页需要画面流动(动画)时的首选择。

4、 Flash (unit: Adobe) web page needs the first choice when picture flow (animation).

五、PhotoShop(单位:奥多比)图象处理软件,一般网页都需要有图片的相搭配,PhotoShop 是款很强大的工具。

5、 Photoshop (unit: Adobe) image processing software, generally web pages need to match pictures, Photoshop is a very powerful tool.

六、FireWorks(单位:奥多比)跟 PhotoShop 一样都是图象处理软件,但 FireWorks 偏向与对网页的处理。Fireworks 主要用于制做动态图片格式。

6、 Fireworks (unit: Adobe) is image processing software like Photoshop, but fireworks prefers to process web pages. Fireworks is mainly used for making dynamic picture format.

七、StylePix(单位:Hornil)跟 PhotoShop 一样都是图象处理软件,可以处理光栅及矢量图形。

7、 Stylepix (unit: hornil) and Photoshop are image processing software, which can process raster and vector graphics.

使用脚本

Using scripts

ASP 全名 Active Server Pages(活性服务器页面),是一个 WEB 服务器端的开发环境。利用它可以产生和执行动态的、互动的、高性能的 WEB 服务应用程序。ASP 采用脚本语言 VBScript(Java script)作为自己的开发语言。

ASP full name active server pages is a web server development environment. It can be used to generate and execute dynamic, interactive and high-performance web service applications. ASP uses the script language VBScript (java script) as its own development language.

PHP 是一种跨平台的服务器端的嵌入式脚本语言。它大量地借用 C,Java 和 Perl 语言的语法,并耦合 PHP 自己的特性,使 WEB 开发者能够快速地写出动态产生页面。

PHP is a cross platform server-side embedded scripting language. It borrows a lot of syntax from C, Java and Perl, and integrates PHP’s own features, so that web developers can write dynamic pages quickly.

JSP 是 Sun 公司推出的新一代网站开发语言,Sun 公司借助自己在 Java 上的不凡造诣,将 Java 从 Java 应用程序和 Java Applet(爪哇小程序)之外,又有新的硕果,就是 JSP(爪哇服务器页面)。JSP 可以在 Serverlet 和 JavaBean 的支持下,完成功能强大的站点程序。

JSP is a new generation of website development language launched by Sun company. Sun company, with its extraordinary accomplishments in Java, has made new achievements in Java from Java applications and Java applets, namely JSP (Java server page). JSP can complete powerful site programs with the support of serverlet and JavaBean.

WebDNA 是一个服务器端的脚本,解释型的语言且带一个嵌入式数据库系统,专门设计用于万维网发布的一个免费的(FastCGI 的版本)。基于标签与上下文。

Webdna is a server-side script, interpretive language with an embedded database system, specially designed for the World Wide Web release of a free (fastcgi version). Based on label and context.

.NET 是 Microsoft XML Web services 平台。XML Web services 允许应用程序通过 Internet 进行通讯和共享数据,而不管所采用的是哪种操作系统、设备或编程语言。Microsoft .NET 平台提供创建 XML Web services 并将这些服务集成在一起之所需。对个人用户的好处是无缝的、吸引人的体验。

. net is the Microsoft XML Web services platform. XML Web services allow applications to communicate and share data over the Internet, regardless of the operating system, device, or programming language. The Microsoft. Net platform provides the requirements to create and integrate XML Web services. The benefit to individual users is a seamless, engaging experience.

设计原则

Design principles

关于网站

About websites

所谓网站(Website),就是指在网际网路(因特网)上,根据一定的规则,使用 HTML 等工具制作的用於展示特定内容的相关网页的集合。简单地说,网站是一种通讯工具,就像布告栏一样,人们可以通过网站来发布自己想要公开的资讯(信息),或者利用网站来提供相关的网路服务(网络服务)。人们可以通过网页浏览器来访问网站,获取自己需要的资讯(信息)或者享受网路服务。

The so-called web site refers to the collection of relevant web pages on the Internet, which are used to display specific content according to certain rules and tools such as HTML. Simply put, a website is a kind of communication tool. Just like a bulletin board, people can publish the information they want to publish through the website, or use the website to provide related network services. People can visit the website through web browser, get the information they need or enjoy the Internet service.

在你眼前,出现在显示器上的这个“东西”,就是一个网页。网页实际是一个文件,它存放在世界某个角落的的某一台计算机中,而这台计算机必须是与互联网相连的。网页经由网址(URL)来识别与存取,当我们在浏览器输入网址后,经过一段复杂而又快速的程序。网页文件会被传送到你的计算机,然后再通过浏览器解释网页的内容,再展示到你的眼前。

In front of you, the “thing” on the display is a web page. Web page is actually a file, which is stored in a computer in a corner of the world, and this computer must be connected to the Internet. Web pages are identified and accessed by URL. When we enter the URL in the browser, we go through a complex and fast program. The web file will be sent to your computer, and then through the browser to explain the content of the web page, and then show it to your eyes.

网页储存

Web page storage

当要将网页存入自己的电脑内,网页浏览器通常提供以下的选择:

When you want to store a web page in your own computer, the web browser usually provides the following options:

只储存网页的文字部分完装封装,即连同该网页(HTML)所要用到的图像、Applet 和 JavaScript 等文件也一并封装储存只有 HTML,不作任何改动;若果网页内的连结是相对连结,可能会令图片消失只有 HTML,但将网页内连结到的文件改成绝对定义有些网页浏览器容许在打印网页前预览,并可选择印底色与否,甚至放大、缩小。

Only the text part of the web page is stored. That is to say, the image, applet, JavaScript and other files used in the web page (HTML) are also stored together. Only html is stored without any changes. If the links in the web page are relative, the pictures may disappear HTML, but change the file linked to in the web page to absolute definition. Some web browsers allow preview before printing the web page, and can choose whether to print the background color or not, or even zoom in or out.


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