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【速搜问答】区块链接到底是什么

问答 admin 3年前 (2020-06-18) 781次浏览 已收录 0个评论

汉英对照:
Chinese-English Translation:

区块链是一个信息技术领域的术语。它是一个共享数据库,存储于其中的数据或信息,具有“不可伪造”“全程留痕”“可以追溯”“公开透明”“集体维护”等特征。区块链技术奠定了坚实的“信任“基础,创造了可靠的“合作”机制,具有广阔的运用前景。

Blockchain is a term in the field of information technology. It is a shared database, the data or information stored in it, with the characteristics of “non forgeable”, “whole process trace”, “traceable”, “open and transparent”, “collective maintenance”, etc. Blockchain technology has laid a solid “trust” foundation, created a reliable “cooperation” mechanism, and has broad application prospects.

区块链是一个信息技术领域的术语。从本质上讲,它是一个共享数据库,存储于其中的数据或信息,具有“不可伪造”“全程留痕”“可以追溯”“公开透明”“集体维护”等特征。基于这些特征,区块链技术奠定了坚实的“信任“基础,创造了可靠的“合作”机制,具有广阔的运用前景。

Blockchain is a term in the field of information technology. In essence, it is a shared database, the data or information stored in it, with the characteristics of “unforgeability”, “whole process trace”, “traceability”, “openness and transparency”, “collective maintenance”, etc. Based on these characteristics, blockchain technology has laid a solid “trust” foundation, created a reliable “cooperation” mechanism, and has broad application prospects.

区块链起源于比特币,2008 年 11 月 1 日,一位自称中本聪(Satoshi Nakamoto)的人发表了《比特币:一种点对点的电子现金系统》一文,阐述了基于 P2P 网络技术、加密技术、时间戳技术、区块链技术等的电子现金系统的构架理念,这标志着比特币的诞生。两个月后理论步入实践,2009 年 1 月 3 日第一个序号为 0 的创世区块诞生。几天后 2009 年 1 月 9 日出现序号为 1 的区块,并与序号为 0 的创世区块相连接形成了链,标志着区块链的诞生。

Blockchain originated from bitcoin. On November 1, 2008, a person who called himself Satoshi Nakamoto published bitcoin: a point-to-point e-cash system. He elaborated the framework concept of e-cash system based on P2P network technology, encryption technology, timestamp technology, blockchain technology, etc., which marked the birth of bitcoin. Two months later, the theory came into practice. On January 3, 2009, the first Genesis block with serial number 0 was born. A few days later, on January 9, 2009, a block with the serial number of 1 appeared and connected with the genesis block with the serial number of 0 to form a chain, marking the birth of the blockchain.

近年来,世界对比特币的态度起起落落,但作为比特币底层技术之一的区块链技术日益受到重视。在比特币形成过程中,区块是一个一个的存储单元,记录了一定时间内各个区块节点全部的交流信息。各个区块之间通过随机散列(也称哈希算法)实现链接,后一个区块包含前一个区块的哈希值,随着信息交流的扩大,一个区块与一个区块相继接续,形成的结果就叫区块链。

In recent years, the attitude of bitcoin in the world has been rising and falling, but as one of the underlying technologies of bitcoin, blockchain technology has been paid more and more attention. In the process of bitcoin formation, block is a storage unit, which records all the communication information of each block node in a certain period of time. Each block is linked by random hash (also known as hash algorithm). The latter block contains the hash value of the previous block. With the expansion of information exchange, one block and one block are connected successively, and the result is called blockchain.

从科技层面来看,区块链涉及数学、密码学、互联网和计算机编程等很多科学技术问题。从应用视角来看,简单来说,区块链是一个分布式的共享账本和数据库,具有去中心化、不可篡改、全程留痕、可以追溯、集体维护、公开透明等特点。这些特点保证了区块链的“诚实”与“透明”,为区块链创造信任奠定基础。而区块链丰富的应用场景,基本上都基于区块链能够解决信息不对称问题,实现多个主体之间的协作信任与一致行动。

From the perspective of science and technology, blockchain involves many scientific and technological issues such as mathematics, cryptography, Internet and computer programming. From the perspective of application, simply speaking, blockchain is a distributed shared ledger and database, which has the characteristics of decentralization, non tampering, whole process trace, traceability, collective maintenance, openness and transparency. These characteristics ensure the “honesty” and “transparency” of the blockchain, and lay the foundation for the creation of trust in the blockchain. The rich application scenarios of blockchain are basically based on the fact that blockchain can solve the problem of information asymmetry and achieve cooperative trust and concerted action among multiple agents.

区块链是分布式数据存储、点对点传输、共识机制、加密算法等计算机技术的新型应用模式。区块链(Blockchain),是比特币的一个重要概念,它本质上是一个去中心化的数据库,同时作为比特币的底层技术,是一串使用密码学方法相关联产生的数据块,每一个数据块中包含了一批次比特币网络交易的信息,用于验证其信息的有效性(防伪)和生成下一个区块。

Blockchain is a new application mode of distributed data storage, point-to-point transmission, consensus mechanism, encryption algorithm and other computer technologies. Blockchain is an important concept of bitcoin. It is essentially a decentralized database. At the same time, as the underlying technology of bitcoin, it is a series of data blocks generated by using cryptography method. Each data block contains a batch of bitcoin network transaction information, which is used to verify the effectiveness (anti-counterfeiting) of its information and generate the next area Block.


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