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【速搜问答】前驱车和后驱车有什么区别

问答 admin 2个月前 (04-05) 63次浏览 已收录 0个评论

汉英对照:
Chinese-English Translation:

前轮驱动更容易布置车内成员空间,并且机械结构简单,造价便宜。后轮驱动操控性好,后轮作为驱动轮抓地力增强,有利于车辆起步、加速或爬坡,提供更好的行驶稳定性和舒适度。

The front wheel drive is easier to arrange the space in the car, and the mechanical structure is simple and the cost is cheap. The rear wheel drive has good controllability, and the rear wheel as the driving wheel has enhanced grip, which is conducive to the starting, acceleration or climbing of the vehicle, and provides better driving stability and comfort.

前轮驱动更容易布置车内成员空间,并且机械结构简单,造价便宜。后轮驱动操控性好,后轮作为驱动轮抓地力增强,有利于车辆起步、加速或爬坡,提供更好的行驶稳定性和舒适度。

The front wheel drive is easier to arrange the space in the car, and the mechanical structure is simple and the cost is cheap. The rear wheel drive has good controllability, and the rear wheel as the driving wheel has enhanced grip, which is conducive to the starting, acceleration or climbing of the vehicle, and provides better driving stability and comfort.

前轮驱动汽车是指发动机的动力直接传递给前轮从而带动车辆前进的驱动方式。后轮驱动汽车是指发动机的动力通过传动轴传递给后轮,从而推动车辆前进的驱动形式。

Front wheel drive vehicle refers to the driving mode in which the engine power is directly transmitted to the front wheel to drive the vehicle forward. Rear wheel drive vehicle refers to the driving form that the engine power is transmitted to the rear wheel through the transmission shaft, so as to push the vehicle forward.

前驱和后驱的对比

The comparison between the front drive and the back drive

前轮驱动的优点是:更容易布置车内成员空间,并且机械结构简单,造价便宜,从而节省成本。

The advantages of front wheel drive are: it is easier to arrange the space in the car, and the mechanical structure is simple, the cost is cheap, so as to save the cost.

前轮驱动的缺点是:由于前轮既负责驱动车辆又负责车辆转向,前轴负荷过重,这使得前轮驱动的车辆在过弯时前部重心会因惯性而前移,容易突破前轮的地面附着力,而后轮又没有动力,则会发生转向不足。

The disadvantages of front wheel drive are: because the front wheel is responsible for driving the vehicle and steering the vehicle, the front axle is overloaded, which makes the front center of gravity of the vehicle driven by the front wheel move forward due to inertia when passing the corner, easy to break through the ground adhesion of the front wheel, and the rear wheel has no power, then the steering will be insufficient.

后轮驱动的优点:操控性好,后轮负责驱动,令前轮可专注于转向工作,因此转向时的车辆反应更加敏捷。此外,后轮驱动起步加速表现好,舒适度高,车辆起步、加速或爬坡时重心后移,后轮作为驱动轮抓地力增强,有利于车辆起步、加速或爬坡,提供更好的行驶稳定性和舒适度。

Advantages of rear wheel drive: good handling, rear wheel is responsible for driving, so that the front wheel can focus on steering work, so the vehicle response is more agile when steering. In addition, the rear wheel drive has good starting acceleration performance and high comfort. When the vehicle starts, accelerates or climbs, the center of gravity moves backward. As the driving wheel, the rear wheel has stronger grip, which is conducive to the vehicle starting, accelerating or climbing, and provides better driving stability and comfort.

后轮驱动的缺点:制造成本较高、空间利用不便,同时在转弯的时候,如果后轮转速高于前轮,便会出现转向过度的情况。

Disadvantages of rear wheel drive: high manufacturing cost and inconvenient use of space. At the same time, if the rotation speed of the rear wheel is higher than that of the front wheel, excessive steering will occur.

综上所述,前轮驱动更容易布置车内成员空间,并且机械结构简单,造价便宜,但前轴负荷过重车辆的着地能力不强。而后轮驱动操控性好,后轮作为驱动轮抓地力增强,有利于车辆起步、加速或爬坡,提供更好的行驶稳定性和舒适度,但它的制作成本稍高且转弯容易失控。

In conclusion, the front wheel drive is easier to arrange the member space in the vehicle, and the mechanical structure is simple and the cost is cheap, but the landing capacity of the vehicle with heavy front axle load is not strong. The rear wheel drive has a good handling performance. As the driving wheel, the rear wheel grip is enhanced, which is conducive to the starting, acceleration or climbing of the vehicle and provides better driving stability and comfort. However, its production cost is slightly higher and it is easy to lose control when cornering.


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