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【速搜问答】服务器主板和普通主板有什么区别

问答 admin 3个月前 (07-05) 160次浏览 已收录 0个评论

汉英对照:
Chinese-English Translation:

普通家用PC的主板,更多的要求是在性能和功能上,而服务器主板是专门为满足服务器应用(高稳定性、高性能、高兼容性的环境)而开发的工业主板。由于服务器的高运作时间,高运作强度,以及巨大的数据转换量,电源功耗量,I/O吞吐量,因此对服务器主板的要求是相当严格的。

The motherboard of ordinary home PC requires more performance and function, while the server motherboard is an industrial motherboard specially developed to meet the server application (high stability, high performance and high compatibility environment). Due to the high operation time, high operation intensity, huge data conversion, power consumption and I / O throughput of the server, the requirements for the server motherboard are quite strict.

普通家用 PC 的主板,更多的要求是在性能和功能上,而服务器主板是专门为满足服务器应用(高稳定性、高性能、高兼容性的环境)而开发的工业主板。由于服务器的高运作时间,高运作强度,以及巨大的数据转换量,电源功耗量,I/O 吞吐量,因此对服务器主板的要求是相当严格的。

The motherboard of ordinary home PC requires more performance and function, while the server motherboard is an industrial motherboard specially developed to meet the server application (high stability, high performance and high compatibility environment). Due to the high operation time, high operation intensity, huge data conversion, power consumption and I / O throughput of the server, the requirements for the server motherboard are quite strict.

服务器主板一般都是至少支持两个工控机 CPU——芯片组不同(往往是双路以上的服务器,单路服务器有时候就是使用台式机主板)。服务器几乎任何部件都支持 ECC,内存、处理器、芯片组(但高阶台式机也开始支持 ECC)。

Generally, the server motherboard supports at least two CPUs of the industrial control computer with different chipsets (it is often a server with more than two channels, and sometimes a single channel server uses the desktop motherboard). ECC is supported by almost any part of the server, including memory, processor and chipset (but ECC is also supported by high-end desktop computers).

4U 工控服务器大多数都存在冗余,高档服务器上面甚至连 CPU、内存都有冗余,中档服务器上,硬盘、电源的冗余是非常常见的,但低档服务器往往就是台式机的改装品,不过也选用一线大厂电源。

Most of 4U industrial control servers have redundancy. High end servers even have CPU and memory redundancy. On medium end servers, redundancy of hard disk and power supply is very common. But low end servers are often refitted desktop computers, but they also use power supply from first-line manufacturers.

由于服务器的网络负载比较大,因此服务器的网卡一般都是使用 TCP/IP 卸载引擎的网卡,效率高,速度快,CPU 占用小,但目前高档台式机也开始使用高档网卡甚至双网卡。

Because the network load of the server is relatively large, the network card of the server is usually the network card of TCP / IP unloading engine, which has high efficiency, fast speed and small CPU occupation. But at present, high-end desktop computers also start to use high-end network card or even dual network card.

硬盘方面,已经很多而且越来越多的服务器将用 SAS/SCSI 代替 SATA。

In terms of hard disk, many and more servers will replace SATA with SAS / SCSI.

服务器主板和普通电脑主板的区别

Difference between server motherboard and ordinary computer motherboard

1、服务器主板一般都是至少支持两个处理器——芯片组不同(往往是双路以上的服务器,单路服务器有时候就是使用台式机主板)。

1. Generally, the server motherboard supports at least two processors with different chipsets (usually more than two-way servers, and sometimes a single way server uses the desktop motherboard).

2、服务器几乎任何部件都支持 ECC,内存、处理器、芯片组(但高阶台式机也开始支持 ECC)。

2. ECC is supported by almost any part of the server, including memory, processor and chipset (but ECC is also supported by high-end desktop computers).

3、服务器很多地方都存在冗余,高档服务器上面甚至连 CPU、内存都有冗余,中档服务器上,硬盘、电源的冗余是非常常见的,但低档服务器往往就是台式机的改装品,不过也选用一线大厂电源。

3. Server redundancy exists in many places. High end servers even have CPU and memory redundancy. On medium end servers, redundancy of hard disk and power supply is very common. However, low end servers are often refitted desktop computers, but power supply from first-line large factories is also used.

4、由于服务器的网络负载比较大,因此服务器的网卡一般都是使用 TCP/IP 卸载引擎的网卡,效率高,速度快,CPU 占用小,但目前高档台式机也开始使用高档网卡甚至双网卡。

4. Because the network load of the server is relatively large, the network card of the server is usually the network card of TCP / IP unloading engine, which has high efficiency, fast speed and small CPU occupation. But at present, high-end desktop computers also start to use high-end network card or even dual network card.

5、硬盘方面,已经很多而且越来越多的服务器将用 SAS /SCSI 代替 SATA。

5. In terms of hard disk, many and more servers will replace SATA with SAS / SCSI.

6、 在内存支持方面。由于服务器要适应长时间,大流量的高速数据处理任务,因此其能支持高达十几 GB 甚至几十 GB 的内存容量,而且大多支持 ECC 内存以提高可靠性(ECC 内存是一种具有自动纠错功能的内存,由于其优越的性能使造价也相当高)。

6. In memory support. Because the server has to adapt to the high-speed data processing task of long time and large flow, it can support up to ten GB or even dozens of GB of memory capacity, and most of them support ECC memory to improve reliability (ECC memory is a kind of memory with automatic error correction function, and its cost is quite high due to its excellent performance).

7、 存储设备接口方面。中高端服务器主板多采用 SCSI 接口、SATA 接口而非 IDE 接口,并且支持 RAID 方式以提高数据处理能力和数据安全性。

7. Storage device interface. In order to improve the data processing ability and data security, the middle and high-end server motherboards mostly use SCSI interface, SATA interface instead of IDE interface, and support raid mode.

8、 在显示设备方面。服务器与工作站有很大不同,服务器对显示设备要求不高,一般多采用整合显卡的芯片组,例如在许多服务器芯片组中都整合有 ATI 的 RAGE XL 显示芯片,要求稍高点的就采用普通的 AGP 显卡。而如果是图形工作站,那一般都是选用高端的 3DLabs、ATI 等显卡公司的专业显卡。

8. In terms of display devices. Servers are very different from workstations. Servers do not have high requirements for display devices. Generally, they use integrated graphics chipsets. For example, in many server chipsets, ATI’s rage XL display chips are integrated, and those with higher requirements use ordinary AGP graphics cards. And if it is a graphics workstation, it is generally the choice of high-end 3dlabs, ATI and other professional graphics card companies.

9、 在网络接口方面。服务器/工作站主板也与台式机主板不同,服务器主板大多配备双网卡,甚至是双千兆网卡以满足局域网与 Internet 的不同需求。

9. In the aspect of network interface. The server / workstation motherboard is also different from the desktop motherboard. Most of the server motherboards are equipped with dual network cards, or even dual Gigabit network cards, to meet the different needs of LAN and Internet.

10、最后是服务器的价格方面。一般台式机主板顶天也不过 1、2 千,而服务器主板的价格则从 1 千多元的入门级产品到几万元甚至十几万元的高档产品都有。

10. Finally, the price of the server. Generally, the price of a desktop motherboard is only 1000 or 2000 yuan, while the price of a server motherboard ranges from more than 1000 yuan for entry-level products to tens of thousands or even hundreds of thousands of yuan for high-end products.


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