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【速搜问答】迷你主机有什么优缺点

问答 admin 3个月前 (06-30) 140次浏览 已收录 0个评论

汉英对照:
Chinese-English Translation:

小机箱的最大优点就是小巧、节约空间,外形简洁漂亮,保护好的话进尘土少。缺点是不利于散热,升级时因为买的主板要适应小机箱,基本上是小板,升级困难,槽位少。

The biggest advantage of small chassis is small, space saving, simple and beautiful appearance, less dust if well protected. The disadvantage is that it is not conducive to heat dissipation. When upgrading, because the motherboard you bought has to adapt to the small chassis, it is basically a small board, so it is difficult to upgrade and there are few slots.

常规的机箱一般是立体式,或桌面式,再就是横式。电脑机箱尺寸,目前市面上根据不同的规格有不同的方案。电脑机箱的规格一般会分为 ATX,MicroATX 和 ITX 三种,在用户购买哪种规格的机箱,其主要是根据主板的尺寸决定。机箱作为台式机电脑一个重要组成部分,它的性能会直接影响电脑的工作。

Conventional chassis is generally three-dimensional, or desktop, and then horizontal. The size of computer case is different according to different specifications. The specifications of computer chassis are generally divided into ATX, microATX and itx. The specification of the chassis purchased by users is mainly determined by the size of the motherboard. Chassis as an important part of desktop computer, its performance will directly affect the work of the computer.

目前,机箱尺寸是没有绝对标准的,各个机箱厂商做出的尺寸都不尽相同,只有一个大致范围的。ATX 机箱,可兼容 ATX 和 Micro ATX 两种主板,即大尺寸机箱,范围尺寸是:450(D)×185(W)×420(H)mm。Micro ATX 机箱能兼容 Micro ATX 主板,即普通机箱,范围尺寸是:405(D)×175(W)×390(H)mm。ITX 机箱只能容纳 ITX 主板,即迷你机箱,范围尺寸是:355(D)×88(W)×290(H)mm。

At present, there is no absolute standard for the size of the chassis. The sizes made by various chassis manufacturers are not the same. There is only one approximate range. ATX chassis, compatible with ATX and micro ATX motherboards, namely large size chassis, the range size is 450 (d) × 185(W) × 420(H)mm。 Micro ATX chassis can be compatible with micro ATX motherboard, that is, ordinary chassis, the range size is 405 (d) × 175(W) × 390(H)mm。 Itx chassis can only accommodate itx motherboard, i.e. Mini chassis. The range size is 355 (d) × 88(W) × 290(H)mm。

机箱尺寸大小对主机的影响

Influence of chassis size on host

1、主机的散热,机箱如果有宽敞的内部空间,那么,空气流动,硬件散热会更加理想。

1. If the chassis has a spacious internal space, the air flow and hardware cooling will be more ideal.

2、现在的游戏玩家追求高端机子,显卡性能越来越强大,显卡的身躯也相应的变长和变大了,大的机箱可以给显卡留下充足的空间,安装和散热都方便。

2. Today’s game players pursue high-end machines. The performance of the graphics card is more and more powerful, and the body of the graphics card is correspondingly longer and larger. The large chassis can leave enough space for the graphics card, which is convenient for installation and heat dissipation.

3、加上现在电脑 CPU,内存等性能高了,机箱内部热量也相对的增高了,为了散热方便,机箱内散热风扇的数量增加也成了趋势,大机箱可以给这些散热风扇留有充足的安装位置。

3. In addition, with the high performance of CPU and memory of the computer, the heat inside the chassis is also relatively increased. For the convenience of heat dissipation, the number of cooling fans in the chassis has also become a trend. The large chassis can reserve sufficient installation positions for these cooling fans.

4、主机背板走线,整洁的布线可以给整个机箱的散热和美观方面带来好处,大点的机箱在这方面也有一定的优势。

4. The mainframe backplane wiring and neat wiring can bring benefits to the heat dissipation and aesthetics of the whole chassis, and the larger chassis also has certain advantages in this aspect.

迷你主机的优点

Advantages of mini host

小巧便携

Small and portable

小巧是迷你主机最大的特点,其体积一般是传统台式主机体积的 1/30,相当于一本 300 页的书本厚度,长宽如 A5 纸张般大小。

Small is the biggest feature of mini host, its volume is generally 1 / 30 of the volume of traditional desktop host, equivalent to the thickness of a 300 page book, length and width as A5 paper size.

节省空间资源

Save space and resources

迷你主机小巧的体积,可立可卧可挂架固定,可以随意放置在桌上任一个小角落,也可以用专用挂架固定在显示器或电:视屏后面,为现在办公或家居生活腾出更广阔的空间资源,还桌面一个干净整洁的空间。在现代生活资源有限,房价、地租不断上涨,办公设备、家用电器等也越来越需要迷你小巧的造型,迷你主机也正迎合了人们的需求。

Mini host small size, can stand can lie can be fixed rack, can be placed in any small corner of the table, can also be fixed with a dedicated rack in the back of the monitor or video screen, for now office or home life to make a broader space resources, but also a clean desktop space. In modern life, limited resources, rising house prices, rent, office equipment, household appliances, etc. are also increasingly in need of mini compact shape, mini mainframe is also catering to people’s needs.

时尚美观

Fashionable and beautiful

大部分传统大台式主机古板的造型,已经不能满足现代人的审美需求,而迷你主机时尚的外观设计,加之小巧精致,不管是放在办公桌上、客厅还是书房,都十分具有艺术感,给生活和工作带来更愉悦的体验。

Most of the traditional large desktop computer’s old-fashioned shape can no longer meet the aesthetic needs of modern people, and the mini computer’s fashionable appearance design, combined with small and exquisite, whether placed on the desk, living room or study, are very artistic, bringing a more pleasant experience to life and work.

功耗低节能省电

Low power consumption, energy saving and power saving

迷你主机采用低功耗处理器,热设计功耗 TDP 一般在 10W-17W 上下,而传统大台式主机功耗平均在 100W~150W,是迷你主机功耗的 10 倍甚至更大。

Mini host uses low-power processor, thermal design power consumption TDP is generally about 10w-17w, while traditional desktop host power consumption is 100w-150w, which is 10 times or more than Mini host power consumption.

静音环保

Silent environmental protection

传统大台式机轰隆作响的嘈杂声已经严重影响电脑工作者、游戏玩家以及居家生活的体验,在这个污染源无处不在的生存空间中,人们已经无法承受更多的污染了。迷你主机由于采用无风扇散热设计,整机在运行中可实现 0 噪音,它带给工作和生活的安静体验,已经深受人们喜爱。

The roaring noise of traditional desktop computers has seriously affected the experience of computer workers, game players and home life. In this living space where pollution sources are everywhere, people can no longer afford more pollution. Because of the fanless cooling design, the mini mainframe can achieve zero noise in operation. It brings quiet experience to work and life, and has been loved by people.

性能强

High performance

迷你主机性能已趋于成熟,经过几年的摸索和积累,目前大部分迷你主机都可以满足 70%用户的办公、娱乐以及工控、显示播放等基本需求,尽管大部分迷你主机还是集显设计,但是,一些高配置独显的迷你主机,在总体性能上也毫不逊色。

The performance of mini hosts has become mature. After several years of exploration and accumulation, most of the mini hosts can meet the basic needs of 70% of users, such as office, entertainment, industrial control, display and play. Although most of the mini hosts are still designed with integrated display, some high configuration and unique Mini hosts are no inferior in overall performance.

安全稳定

Safety and stability

迷你主机由于体积小,主板集成度高,元件芯片等设计布局十分紧凑,所以,大部分迷你主机可以实现长时间稳定运行,不容易出现因个别硬件问题而影响整机运行或中断,甚至损坏整机的情况,而传统大台式主机由于各种硬件叠加数量较多,容易出现兼容性或者个别部件不稳定而影响整机运行的情况。

Because of its small size, high integration of main board and compact layout of components and chips, most mini hosts can operate stably for a long time, and it is not easy for individual hardware problems to affect or interrupt the operation of the whole machine, or even damage the whole machine, It is easy to affect the operation of the whole machine due to compatibility or instability of individual components.

更新维护方便

Easy to update and maintain

迷你主机小巧便携,不管是在软件更新还是硬件更新方面,都十分便捷,如果需要扩展内存硬盘,只需要用螺丝刀打开迷你主机的盖子,机箱内部主板架构以及硬件就一目了然,置换相当方便。如果主机出现问题需要维修,女生或小孩、老人家都可以轻松拿出去门店或者寄回厂家进行维修。

Mini host is small and portable. It is very convenient for software update and hardware update. If you need to expand the memory and hard disk, just use a screwdriver to open the cover of the mini host. The main board architecture and hardware inside the chassis can be seen at a glance, and the replacement is quite convenient. If the host needs to be repaired, girls, children and the elderly can easily take it out of the store or send it back to the manufacturer for repair.

性价比高

Cost effective

除了英特尔自身的几款微型 PC 价格甚高,其他品牌的迷你主机价格显得十分亲民,一般也在 1000 至 3000 元以内,配置高一点的,价格一般也不会超过 5000 元,这在一定程度上给 DIY 用户腾出了很多预先空间。

In addition to Intel’s own microprocessors, the prices of other brands of microprocessors are very close to the people, generally within 1000-3000 yuan. For those with higher configuration, the prices will not exceed 5000 yuan, which, to a certain extent, frees up a lot of space for DIY users.

迷你主机的缺点

Disadvantages of mini host

显卡

Graphics card

迷你主机目前的软肋无疑是显卡的问题,众所周知,独显运行发热量大,由于迷你主机生来就是定位于小巧,在控制发热量的时候自然牺牲了主机部分的性能要素,市面上大部分的迷你主机都是采用集成显卡而非独显,原因就在于此。所以,带集显的迷你主机在应对大型枪战游戏的时候会显得有点吃力,当然在小型单机游戏以及播放 1080P 高清视频上是毫无压力的。

The weakness of the mini host is undoubtedly the problem of the graphics card. As we all know, the heat of the single display is large. Because the mini host is born to be small, it naturally sacrifices the performance elements of the host when controlling the heat. Most of the mini hosts in the market use the integrated graphics card instead of the single display. That’s why. Therefore, the mini console with integrated display will have a little difficulty in dealing with large-scale gunfight games. Of course, there is no pressure in playing small stand-alone games and 1080p high-definition video.

售后

After sales

迷你主机产品出现售后问题,更多时候需要用户寄回工厂返修,很多电脑维修店还不能提供迷你主机维修的技术人员和技术服务,当然,迷你主机市场才刚刚打开,售后总是滞后于产品销售,需要时间来积淀技术服务。

Mini host products have after-sales problems, and most of the time, users need to send them back to the factory for repair. Many computer repair shops still can’t provide technicians and technical services for mini host maintenance. Of course, the mini host market has just opened, and after-sales always lags behind product sales. It takes time to accumulate technical services.

散热

dissipate heat

散热是一个问题。不管是在软件更新还是硬件更新方面,大部分迷你主机可以实现长时间稳定运行,TDP15W)来举个例,热设计功耗 TDP 一般在 10W-17W 上下。

Heat dissipation is a problem. Whether in software or hardware updates, most mini hosts can achieve long-term stable operation. For example, the thermal design power consumption of TDP is generally about 10w-17w.

随着英特尔大力提倡 NUC(Next Unit of Computing)平台概念,市场中各家品牌的“迷你电脑”逐渐多了起来。通常作为家庭第二部,甚至是第三部电脑主机,迷你电脑更多承载着家庭互联网娱乐终端的重任。相对于传统台式主机,迷你电脑可视作此前 HTPC 概念的进化版,其不仅整合度更高,运算性能更强,同时还拥有更为袖珍的外形尺寸。

With Intel vigorously promoting the concept of NUC (next unit of Computing) platform, there are more and more “mini computers” of various brands in the market. Usually, as the second or even the third home computer host, mini computer is more responsible for home internet entertainment terminal. Compared with the traditional desktop computer, mini computer can be regarded as the evolution version of the previous HTPC concept, which not only has higher integration, stronger computing performance, but also has a more pocket size.


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