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【速搜问答】DuckDuckGo是什么

问答 admin 1个月前 (06-24) 45次浏览 已收录 0个评论

汉英对照:
Chinese-English Translation:

DuckDuckGo是一款互联网搜索引擎,其注重使用者隐私,及避免个性化检索所致的过滤气泡。它与其他搜寻引擎不同的地方在于其不会分析自己的使用者、对所有使用同一组关键词的使用者显示同样的结果。它也强调返回最佳结果,而不是最多网站连结之结果。

Duckduckgo is an Internet search engine, which focuses on user privacy and avoids filtering bubbles caused by personalized search. It is different from other search engines in that it does not analyze its own users and displays the same results to all users who use the same group of keywords. It also emphasizes returning the best results, rather than the results with the most links.

DuckDuckGo 是一款网际网路搜寻引擎,其注重使用者隐私,及避免个性化检索所致的过滤气泡。它与其他搜寻引擎不同的地方在于其不会分析自己的使用者、对所有使用同一组关键词的使用者显示同样的结果。它也强调返回最佳结果,而不是最多网站连结之结果。

Duckduckgo is an Internet search engine that focuses on user privacy and avoids filtering bubbles caused by personalized search. It is different from other search engines in that it does not analyze its own users and displays the same results to all users who use the same group of keywords. It also emphasizes returning the best results, rather than the results with the most links.

它也强调返回最佳结果,而不是最多网站链接之结果。它会在搜索结果中引入其他独立来源的内容,总数多于 400 个,其中包括像维基百科、全球百科类的网站、其他搜索引擎(如 Bing、Yandex、Yahoo! Search)。

It also emphasizes returning the best results, not the results with the most links to the site. It will introduce more than 400 content from other independent sources into the search results, including websites like Wikipedia, global encyclopedia, and other search engines (such as Bing, yandex, Yahoo! Search)。

部分 DuckDuckGo 的源代码以 Apache 特许条款特许,由 GitHub 负责托管,不过核心部分仍是专有的。由该公司注册的域名还包括 ddg.gg、ddg.co、由 google 转让的 duck.com,它们皆为 DuckDuckGo 的短网址。

Part of the source code of duckduckgo is licensed by Apache and hosted by GitHub, but the core part is still proprietary. The domain names registered by the company also include ddg.gg, ddg.co and duck.com transferred by Google, all of which are short URLs of duckduckgo.

DuckDuckGo 的搜索结果汇集了超过 400 个来源的内容,包括 Yahoo! Search BOSS、Wolfram Alpha、Bing、它的网络爬虫程序 DuckDuckBot。它也会使用源于众包网站的数据(包括维基百科、全球百科),把它们填入页面上方的信息框内,用以作主题的简要介绍和展示其他相关主题。

Duckduckgo’s search results bring together content from more than 400 sources, including Yahoo! Search boss, Wolfram Alpha, Bing, its web crawler program duckduckbot. It will also use data from crowdsourcing websites (including Wikipedia and global Encyclopedia) to fill them in the information box at the top of the page for brief introduction of topics and display of other related topics.

DuckDuckGo 是一款定位为“把隐私放在 xxx 位”的搜索引擎。为此其不会存储用户的 IP 地址、记录用户的信息、当用户要求在客户端存储 Cookies 时才会设置之。DuckDuckGo 的创始人盖布瑞·温伯格指出:“一言蔽之,我们的隐私政策就是在默认情况下不收集和分享用户的个人信息”,然而他们会记录用户所输入的关键词。

Duckduckgo is a search engine positioned as “putting privacy in XXX”. For this reason, it will not store the user’s IP address, record the user’s information, and set it only when the user requests to store cookies in the client. “In a word, our privacy policy is not to collect and share users’ personal information by default,” says Gabriel Weinberg, founder of duckduckgo. However, they record the keywords entered by users.

温伯格为了提高他的搜索引擎结果质量,而把一些他相信为内容农场的网站从中删去,其中包括聘请了自由职业作者来择写每日 4000 多篇文章的 EHow。温伯格指它们是“为了在 google 搜索引擎目录中能获得较佳的排名而产生的低质内容”。除此之外 DuckDuckGo 也会过滤含有大量广告的页面。

In order to improve the quality of his search engine results, Weinberg removed some websites he believed were content farms, including ehow, which hired freelance authors to write more than 4000 articles a day. Weinberg referred to them as “low-quality content produced in order to get a better ranking in the Google search engine directory.”. In addition, duckduckgo filters pages that contain a lot of ads.

即时答案

Instant answer

除了经索引的搜索结果,DuckDuckGo 还会在页面的上方显示跟关键词相关的“即时答案”。即时答案的内容源于第三方应用程序接口或静态数据来源。即时答案也被称为“zeroclickinfo”的原因在于它意图直接向用户返回其所需要的答案,而不是提供一系列可能含有答案的相关网页以供用户点击。截至 2019 年 7 月,可用的即时答案类型已有 1236 种。

In addition to indexed search results, duckduckgo also displays “instant answers” related to keywords at the top of the page. The content of instant answers comes from third-party application interfaces or static data sources. The reason why instant answer is also known as “zeroclickinfo” is that it intends to return the answer directly to the user, rather than providing a series of relevant web pages that may contain the answer for the user to click. As of July 2019, there are 1236 types of instant answers available.

即时答案的源代码是开放的,并托管在 GitHub 上,使任何人都可以维护和修改之。

The source code of instant answer is open and hosted on GitHub, so that anyone can maintain and modify it.

Tor 匿名服务

Tor anonymous service

2010 年 8 月,DuckDuckGo 引入了只可通过 Tor 网络访问的匿名化搜索服务,并开设一个专用的出口节点,以其为经由 Tor 访问 DuckDuckGo 的首选节点。这能使流量在经过一系列受到加密的中继后才路由至目的地,保障用户的匿名性。温伯格指出:“我认为这很符合我们的隐私政策。若你在使用 Tor 的同时以 DDG 搜索网络的话,你就能享有经过端到端加密的搜索服务。除此之外,若你使用了我们经加密的主页,你的搜索活动同样会受到端到端加密”。

In August 2010, duckduckgo introduced an anonymous search service that can only be accessed through tor network, and set up a dedicated exit node to be the preferred node to access duckduckgo through tor. This enables the traffic to be routed to the destination only after a series of encrypted relays, thus ensuring the anonymity of users. “I think it’s very consistent with our privacy policy,” Weinberg said. If you search the network with DDG while using tor, you can enjoy the end-to-end encrypted search service. In addition, if you use our encrypted homepage, your search activity will also be encrypted end to end.

语音搜索

Voice search

DuckDuckGo 在 2011 年引进了语音搜索服务,但只有在 Google Chrome 安装了相关扩展的用户才能使用。

Duckduckgo introduced the voice search service in 2011, but it can only be used by users who have installed the relevant extensions in Google Chrome.

Bangs

Bangs

DuckDuckGo 拥有一系列的“!Bang”关键词,这能让用户从 DuckDuckGo 跳转至特定的第三方网站进行搜索,其格式为“!〔代表某个特定网站的关键词〕〔搜索关键词〕”或“〔搜索关键词〕 !〔代表某个特定网站的关键词〕”(可用半角或全角),例如“!g wikipedia”即表示从 DuckDuckGo 跳转到 Google,要其搜索“wikipedia”这一关键词。截至 2019 年 4 月,DuckDuckGo 共有 12,345 个 bangs 关键词,以供用户跳转至不同网站进行搜索。在 2018 年 12 月,共有约 2,000 个 bangs 关键词遭到删除,其中一些因网站关闭而被删去,另一些则因为责任问题而被删除(例如链接至盗版分享网站)。

Duckduckgo has a series of “! “Bang” keyword, which allows users to jump from duckduckgo to a specific third-party website for search, and its format is “! [ Keywords representing a specific website  !〔 A keyword representing a specific website (half width or full width is available), such as “! “G Wikipedia” means to jump from duckduckgo to Google and ask it to search the keyword “Wikipedia”. As of April 2019, duckduckgo has 12345 bands for users to jump to different websites for search. In December 2018, a total of about 2000 bands keywords were deleted, some of which were deleted due to the closure of the website, while others were deleted due to liability issues (such as linking to pirated sharing websites).

同步

synchronization

DuckDuckGo 不会以账号的方式来存储及同步用户的首选项,反之会用一则对应某设置的密码来实现同步。用户可通过在其他设备输入密码来加载某一设备的设置。

Duckduckgo does not store and synchronize user preferences in the form of an account. Instead, it uses a password corresponding to a setting to synchronize. Users can load the settings of a device by entering a password in other devices.

商业模型

Business model

DuckDuckGo 以显示来自 Yahoo-Bing 搜索网络的广告,以及跟亚马逊和 eBay 合作的方式来赚取收入。

Duckduckgo earns revenue by displaying ads from the Yahoo Bing search network and by working with Amazon and eBay.


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