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【速搜问答】冬季雪景风光拍摄技巧

问答 admin 3个月前 (06-16) 58次浏览 已收录 0个评论

汉英对照:
Chinese-English Translation:

生于北欧雪之国挪威,在四季之中,摄影师ChristianHoiberg自然对冬季有着更多偏爱。尽管对于许多人来说,冬季是寒冷而又缺乏生机的季节,但ChristianHoiberg却喜欢在此时外出进行拍摄,因为无论是白天还是晚上,你都能够有机会拍到非常美丽的冬日雪景照。

Born in Norway, a snowy country in northern Europe, photographer Christian hoiberg naturally has a preference for winter among the four seasons. Although winter is a cold and lifeless season for many people, Christian hoiberg likes to go out to shoot at this time, because you can get very beautiful winter snow photos no matter in the day or at night.

生于北欧雪之国挪威,在四季之中,摄影师自然对冬季有着更多偏爱。尽管对于许多人来说,冬季是寒冷而又缺乏生机的季节,喜欢在此时外出进行拍摄,因为无论是白天还是晚上,你都能够有机会拍到非常美丽的冬日雪景照。不过也承认自己一开始并非冬季摄影的绝对粉丝,事实上,直到在拥有第一部相机的多年之后,才逐渐对该领域有了更多了解,并很快意识到在冬季拍摄照片与在其他季节拍摄时有很多不同。我们通常需要面对几个崭新的挑战,其中最为头疼的莫过于满目皆是白色。那么,如何在色彩相对单一的冬季拍摄出足够抓人眼球的作品呢?

Born in Norway, a snowy country in northern Europe, photographers naturally prefer winter among the four seasons. Although winter is a cold and lifeless season for many people, they like to go out for shooting at this time, because you can have a chance to take very beautiful winter snow photos no matter in the day or at night. However, I admit that I was not an absolute fan of winter photography at the beginning. In fact, I didn’t know more about this field until many years after I had my first camera. I soon realized that taking photos in winter is different from shooting in other seasons. We usually have to face several new challenges, the most troublesome of which is white everywhere. So, how to shoot enough eye-catching works in winter with relatively single color?

寻找色彩对比

Looking for color contrast

在连续几天的大雪后,挪威广袤的大地已经是一片银装素裹之色。雪就像是颜料般将周遭的树木、湖泊、山脉乃至天空都涂成了白色,冬季的挪威完全成为了白色的世界。或许你会觉得此情此景一定很浪漫,但对于摄影师来说当画面中只有白色时,整个画面变得单调乏味的风险将会大大增加。此时,你就需要在其中增加更多色彩元素作为照片的视觉焦点。以下面这张照片为例,这是我在一场大雪后的早晨拍摄的,当时眼前都是白茫茫的一片,于是我将红色小木屋放进来为画面增添些趣味。要是没有这个小木屋,画面就会缺少视觉焦点,而观众也会因为不知道该看哪里而感到迷茫。

After several days of heavy snow, the vast land of Norway is already covered with silver. Snow is like a pigment that paints the surrounding trees, lakes, mountains and even the sky white. Norway in winter has become a white world. You may think that this scene must be romantic, but for the photographer, when there is only white in the picture, the risk of the whole picture becoming monotonous will be greatly increased. At this point, you need to add more color elements as the visual focus of the photo. Take the following photo as an example. I took it in the morning after a heavy snow. At that time, my eyes were all white. So I put in the red cabin to add some fun to the picture. Without this cabin, the picture would lack visual focus, and the audience would feel confused because they didn’t know where to look.

我发现红色对于上面这种场景来说是一种非常好用的颜色,不过也无需太过拘泥,任何其他鲜艳的色彩也可以拿来使用。像是一片躺在白雪之上枯黄的秋日落叶,亦或是几个身着红色外套正行走在群山之中的滑雪者。解决问题的关键就是要找到有别于白色的其他主色调来充当画面的视觉焦点。

I found that red is a very useful color for the above scenes, but it doesn’t need to be too rigid. Any other bright color can also be used. It’s like a yellow autumn leaf lying on the snow, or some skiers in red coats walking in the mountains. The key to solve the problem is to find other main colors different from white to act as the visual focus of the picture.

要明亮不要黑暗

Be bright, not dark

如果碰巧实在找不到什么能够充当视觉焦点的彩色主体的话也不用过分着急,此时我们可以采用过曝的方式来处理画面。特别是碰上正在下雪的天气而且天空完全没什么对比度可言,过曝个一两档还是能够让照片具备一定的美感,只要记得避免高光过度溢出就可以了。

If it happens that we can’t find any color subject that can act as the visual focus, we don’t have to worry too much. At this time, we can use overexposure to deal with the picture. Especially when it’s snowing, and the sky has no contrast at all, overexposure one or two can still make the photo have a certain aesthetic feeling, as long as you remember to avoid excessive overflow of highlight.

虽说这种方式我并不常用,但是但凡遇到暴风雪天气我都会倾向于以这种方式进行拍摄。略微过曝的画面能够强化暴风雪场景,同时传达给人们一种寒冷的感觉,或是让人们体会到身处雪世界时的那种宁静感。

Although I don’t often use this method, I tend to shoot in this way whenever there is a snowstorm. The slightly over exposed images can strengthen the snowstorm scene and convey a sense of cold to people, or let people experience the sense of tranquility when they are in the snowstorm world.

选择偏冷的白平衡

Choose cold white balance

我们可以在相机中事先设定好白平衡,或是用 RAW 格式拍摄然后再在后期软件中进行调整,总的来说偏冷的色调通常更适合用来展现雪景。除非是在色彩丰富的日落时分,我认为完全没有理由去设定一个偏暖的白平衡。雪本身是白色的,而阴影部分也是冷色调的。使用冷色调将会帮我们营造出冬季的氛围,而且还能保持照片的真实性。

We can set the white balance in the camera in advance, or shoot in raw format, and then adjust it in the later software. Generally speaking, the colder color is more suitable for showing the snow scenery. I don’t think there’s any reason to set a warm white balance unless it’s a colorful sunset. The snow itself is white, and the shadows are cool. The use of cool colors will help us create a winter atmosphere, but also to maintain the authenticity of the photos.

在 Blue Hour 的时候拍摄

Shooting at Blue Hour

尽管冬天是一个全天都可以有很多拍摄机会的季节,即使是在晴朗的白天你仍旧能够带着相机出去做很多事,但是从去年开始我就越来越喜欢在 Blue Hour 的时候进行拍摄。因为光线在日出之前或日落之后的这段时间里是非常奇妙且柔和的,特别是在山脉附近。千万不要错过这最佳拍摄时机,即便外面寒风刺骨你也不该只是躲在家中暖和的棉被下,拿着相机走出去相信你不会后悔的。如果要我只能选择一天之中的一个时间段出去拍照的话,答案毫无疑问就是 Blue Hour。

Although winter is a season with lots of shooting opportunities all day, even in a sunny day, you can still go out with your camera and do a lot of things, I have been more and more fond of shooting in blue hour since last year. Because the light is wonderful and soft before sunrise or after sunset, especially near the mountains. Don’t miss the best time to shoot. Even if it’s chilly outside, you shouldn’t just hide under the warm quilt at home and go out with the camera. I believe you won’t regret it. If I have to choose only one time of the day to take photos, the answer is undoubtedly blue hour.

多带几块电池并做好保暖措施

Take more batteries and keep warm

最后一条建议可能与摄影技术本身无关,但在气温极低的冬季北方却是尤为重要的,那就是记得额外多带一块电池。在气温较低的时候,电池的掉电速度要比平时更快。而且如果你是像我一样经常使用实时取景模式或是使用耗电量更高的无反相机的话,你可能不只需要多带一块电池,多带几块以防万一吧。我的习惯是在自己的外套内侧口袋中放入至少一快闲置的电池,以防因气温过低而造成的电量流失,我还发现这么做能够让电池的使用时间更长一些。最后,我们不光要保证电池处于一个温暖的环境中,在户外拍摄我们自己也同样需要做好保暖及防护措施,宁可穿得多也不要穿得少。

The last piece of advice may have nothing to do with photography itself, but it’s especially important in the North during the extremely cold winter. Remember to bring an extra battery. When the temperature is low, the battery power down speed is faster than usual. And if you use live view mode as often as I do, or use a higher power consumption camera without reflection, you may need to bring more than one battery, just in case. My habit is to put at least one idle battery in the inside pocket of my coat to prevent the loss of power due to the low temperature. I also found that this can make the battery last longer. Finally, we not only need to keep the battery in a warm environment, but also need to keep warm and protect ourselves when shooting outdoors. We would rather wear more than less.


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